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Owners Handbook 

5 Series 









In the interests of continuing technical development, we reserve the right to 
modify designs, equipment and accessories. 

Dimensions, weights and performance data quoted in this handbook are to the 
tolerances laid down by the German Institute for Industrial Standards (DIM). Na¬ 
tional-market versions may differ from those described here. 

Fuel consumption data are according to the values available at the time of clos¬ 
ing for press. 

Therefore, no claims based on data, statements, illustrations or descriptions in 
this handbook will be entertained. Errors and omissions excepted, 

Please note that this owner s handbook also describes ail additional equipment 
features as far as these are relevant to correct operation. 

All equipment mar&ea with an asterisk (*} is specification-related and only ir 
eluded as standard on certain models or national-market versions, or is avail¬ 
able tS a special equipment feature or special accessory 

Ar / c.scnepancies between your 3f. 1W ind the detaiIs given here may be due to 
me equipment specification offered on a particular model or me items ordered 
with the car. 

For a description of special equipment items not included n this handbook, re- 
fer to the installation or operating nstructions provided. The BMW Service Or¬ 
ganisation w n be pleased to help in cases of doubt. 

r the interests of operational ref ability vehicle safety anc a high 'esale value. 
refrain Tom modifying the vehicle s specification in such a way that individual 
items no longer comply with the general operating permit or the model speci¬ 
fication no longer applies. 

Important information for your safety 

For your own safety, use spare parts and accessories approved by BMW. 

When you use accessories tested and approved by BMW and Original BMW 
Parts, you have the assurance that their suitability for your vehicle has been 
thoroughly tested by BMW. BMW bears full product responsibility for these 

BMW cannot entertain any liability for spare parts and accessories of any 
kind which it has not approved, 

BMW can not test w h et \ ier ev ery p rod ijc t fro m ot he r m any fa ct urers ca n be used 
on a BMW safely and without risk to either the vehicle or the people it is carrying. 
Moreover, this guarantee cannot normally be provided by the general opera: ng 
permit for the part or accessory in question, as tests cannot ccv er all even: uali- 

Original BMW Pans, BMW Accessories and other products approved by BMW, 
together with experienced advice on using these items, are a\ aifable from your 
BMW Service workshop. 

© 1994 BMW AG 
Munich, Germany 

Not to be reproduced wholly or in part 
without written permission from 
BMW AG, Munich 

Order No. 01 41 9 788 371 
English IV/94 

Printed ?n Germany aum 

Printed on environmentally friendly paper (bleached without chlorine, recycla 

Congratulations on your choice of a BMW. 

The better you are acquainted with your car, the easier you will discover driving to be. We 
therefore request you to heed the following piece of advice: 

This owner's handbook contains important information on operating and looking after 
your BMW. FI ease ead it carefully before setting out in your new car, so that you are fully 
familiar with me technical advantages of your BMW It also contains useful information on 
care and maintenance, to maintain both the car's operating safety and its full resale 

Swishing you many an enjoyable and safe journey, 




Adding fuel 

To open the fuel filler, turn the cap counter- 
clockwise and take it off. 

To close the fuel filler, place the cap on the 
filter and turn it clockwise until it engages 
(bayo net- type cal c h). 


Always observe the appropriate safety regu¬ 
lations when handling fuels. 

Fuel grades 

Catalyst-equipped cars 
Unleaded premium fuel for spark-ignition 
engines to DilM 51 607 standard or equiva¬ 
lent, minimum octane number 95 (RM) (Euro 
Super}. 1 ) 

Cars without catalytic converter 2 ) 
Unleaded premium fuel for spark-ignition 
eng nos to DIN 51 607 standard or equiva 
lent, minimum octane number 95 (RM) (Euro 
Super) or 

Premium fuel for spark-ignition engines to 
PIN 51 600. minimum octane number 98 
(RM) or premium fuel, minimum octane 
number 95 {RM}. 1 ') 

BMW 525td/tds 

Diesel oil to D!N 51 SCI standard. 

For winter operation, see page 106. 

4 These engine versions with knock control can 
also run on fuel with a minimum octane number 
of 91 (RM); performance and fuel consumption 
are affected as a result. 

2 ) Catalytic converter can be retrofitted. 

Further checks: seepage 

- Tyre pressures (including the 

s pa re wh eel), tw ic e a m on th 14 6-148 

- Engine oil level 85 

- Battery acid level (add distilled 

w ater if n ec essary) 90 

- Coolant level 88 

- Brakefluid level 87 

- Vehicle lights (renewing bulbs) 101 

- Cleaning fluid for the windscreen, 

headlight anc fog light washers and 
intensive cleaning system 89 

To release the fuel filler if the central coking 

system fails: 

- lift up the right floor mat in the luggage 

- take off the right section of the luggage 
compartment trim (quick-release fas¬ 

- push back the lock bar. 

BMW touring 

- Open the flap in the right-hand side panel 
of the load area 

- Pull back the button with the fuel pump 
symbol (arrow). 

See Page 9. 

Operating instructions 

Practical hints 

Care of the car 

Technical data 



Main controls 


1 - Headlight switch 31 

2 - Lever for turn indicators, parking lights, 

iow/high headlight beams and headlight flasher 31 

3 - Fog tight switch 37 

4 - Wrpe/wash lever 32 

5 - Hazard warning flashers 37 

6 - Hear window heater 37 

7 - Steering column adjusting lever 16 



A- Master key 

- Main key with battery and light* in key 
head ‘press BMW emblem to operate), 

- Spare key*, 

- Duplicate key for safe keeping, e.g. in 
wallet or purse. 

8 - Door and ignition key 

Does not fit the luggage compartment or 
glove box locks. 

Obtaining a replacement key: 

The key number is on a plate supplied to¬ 
gether with the car's keys. Please keep it in a 
safe place. 

Main key with battery and light 

If the light becomes dim, renew the battery 
m case acid begins to leak out. 

To change battery; see illustration. 

Hand m spent batteries at a col¬ 
lection poi nt for used batteries or 
at youi BMW service stat on. 

__k Central locking/ 

C—^ theft protection 

When a door lock is operated and 
the driver's door is closed, the car's doors, 
luggage compartment and engine compart¬ 
ment wifi be locked or released. 

Durmg the locking procedure the vehicle 
immobilizer, which is approved by car insur 
ance companies (this can be checked 
locally) and the anti-theft deadlock are acti 
vated and engaged; 'hey are released when 
the car is unlocked. 

The key can only be withdrawn when it is po¬ 
sitioned vertically. 


On cars with anti-theft warning system*, 
this can only be activated and de-acti- 
vated by way of the infra-red remote 
control. Open the car by inserting and turn¬ 
ing the key when the anti-theft warning sys¬ 
tem is activated will set off the alarm. 



W h e neve r t he car is I o c ked fro m th e ou tsid e, 
the thiefproofing device is engaged, People 
still in the car are then unable to unlock the 
doors from the inside. 

Inside the car, and with the driver's door 
closed, the lock button on either front door 
can be used to lock and unlock the front 
doors. Pulling the door handle above the 
front door armrest also unlocks them. 

To avoid being lock go out of the car acci¬ 
dentally, the cat cannot be locked by press¬ 
ing down the lock button if the driver's door 
Is open. 

In the event of a collision, the central locking 
is automatically released; the interior light 
and (depending on version) the hazard 
warning flashers are switched on. 

Convenient closure of electric windows 
and electric sliding/tilting sunroof: with the 
door closed, turn the key in the 'lock' direc¬ 
tion and hold it there for as long as neces¬ 


This function can also be performed from 
the tailgate lock on the touring: turn the key 
to the right and hold it there. 


When Socking the car, check that there is no 
danger of fingers etc, being trapped. The 
locking procedure is interrupted as soon as 
the key is released. 

Emergency operation 

(in the event of an electrical fault) 

At any door, turn the key in the appropriate 
direction to the limit position to release or 
lock that door, 

Opening the doors from the outside: 

Lift up the handle plate. 

Driver’s door lock heating*: 

The heating is switched on when the handle 
plate is lifted. 

The heating time is automatically controlled 
to save energy. 

Opening the doors from the inside: 

Puli the handle above the armrest. 

Important note: 

Children -eft in the car could lock the doors 
from the inside. To prevent this, make a pa nt 
of removing the ignition key and taking it 
with you, so that the doors can be unlocked 
again from the outside. 

Luggage compartment 

Lock can only be operated with the master 



(only locking is possible by turning 
key to right. The thief proofing device 
is engaged at the same time.) 

If the key is turned to the left, the thief proof¬ 
ing device is engaged but the luggage com¬ 
partment can still be opened 

Locking luggage compartment 

(remove master key in the horizontal 

This prevents access to the luggage com¬ 
partment if the spare door and ign ition key is 
handed in at hotel garages, workshops etc. 
(not on vehicles with through-loading facilf- 



If the thief proofing device is actuated, the 
luggage compartment can be opened with a 
master key but the thief proofing device 
must be activated again afterwards. 

Luggage compartment fight 

The light comes on when the lid is opened. 

There are lashing eyes in the luggage com¬ 
partment floor for luggage nets*or tension¬ 
ing straps for securing items of luggage. 

Use the tensioning straps* in the luggage 
compartment mat for securing smaller items 
of luggage. 

The handle recess next to the lock facilitates 
closing the luggage compartment lid when 

To release the fuel fi ler flap if the central 

locking system has failed: 

- lift up the right floor mat in the luggage 

- take off the right section of the luggage 
compartment trim (quick release fas¬ 

- push back the lock bar (arrow). 

BMW touring 

Releasing the fuel filler flap if the central 
locking system has failed: 

- open the flap in the right-hand Side inn’ of 
the load area 

- cull back the button with the fuel pump 
symbol (arrow). 


BMW touring 
Tailgate (ock 

This can only be operated with a master 

Key turned to right; central locking and 
thiefproofing device engaged, immobilizer 

Key turned to left: when the thiefproofing 
device : s engaged, the tailgate and rear win¬ 
dow can still be opened at their release but¬ 
tons (see next column). 

Emergency operation 

fin the event of an electrical fault) 

Turn the key to the left-hand limit position to 
release and open the tailgate. 


In order to lock the tailgate when on the 
move, close the front doors and press down 
the safety catch on either of these doors. 

Tailgate and rear window 

Release with central locking system or at 
tailgate lock 

- To open the tailgate: 

Press button 1 beneath the BMW badge 

- To open the rear wIndow: 

Press button 2 above the tailgate lock; the 
rear window can now be pivoted up- 

To close: 

- P ress t a i i g ate o r w i n do w shut 

- Lock by means of the central locking sys¬ 
tem or at the tailgate lock. 

The recess handle on the right next to the 
lock facilitates dosing the tailgate lid when 


If you have to drive with the rear window 
open m order to transport a particular load, 
dose all windows and the double-panel 
sunroof (if fitted), and turn the heating/venti- 
lation blower to a medium or high setting to 
ensure that the car's interior is properly ven¬ 
tilated and kept free of exhaust fumes. 

When loading long objects through the rear 
window, protect all edges to prevent dam¬ 
age. If the window becomes chipped at the 
edge, it could shatter either immediately or 
ader any delay 

When loading the roof rack system, ensure 
that no objects p rot rude into the opening 
range of the tailgate. 

To improve the car's road behaviour, posi¬ 
tion heavy goods as far forward as possi¬ 

Please ensure that loads are secured In tran¬ 
sit to prevent them from sliding around, so 
that they cannot injure the cars occupants 
(particularly when the car is braked or 
caused to swerve). 

There are recessed lashing points or. the 
side trims of the load area to secure goods 
being carried, ideally with the a;d of the fug- 
gage net*. 


Childproof locks on rear doors 

Insert th e master key in the lock and turn to¬ 
wards the outside: the door can only be 
opened from the outside. 

34 95 01 03 

Remote control with infrared 

Point the transmitter at the receiver located 
below the car's interior mirror (max, 5 metres 
away). The beam must reach the receiver 

Opening: press button 1. 

The LED comes on briefly 
7 he central locking and thiefproofing de¬ 
vice are released 

- The immobilizing device is de-act mated 

- The alarm system is de-activated 

- The car s interior light is switched on. 

Locking; press button 2. 

- The LED comes on briefly 

- The centra! locking is engaged 

- Th e th ief proof i ng d ev i ce is engaged 

- The immobilizing device is activated 

- The alarm system is activated. 

To switch off the alarm system's tilt alarm 
sensor, e.g. when travelling by autorail or us¬ 
ing a two-level garage (see also Page 64): 
press button 2 again briefly after activating 
the thiefproofing device, 

Convenient closing circuit: 

To close the windows and sliding/tilt roof, 
hold button 2 depressed. The closing 
procedure will start after a delay of app. 
2 seconds and the LED flashes. 


If convenient closing is interrupted inadver¬ 
tently, do no: restart the process simply by 
pressing the button a second time, as the tilt 
alarm sensor will otherwise be switched off. 
Tc restart convenient closing, first of all 
press button 1 (opening). 


During the closing process, check that 
there is no danger of fingers etc. being 
trapped. The closing process is inter¬ 
rupted immediately when the button is 


Master key 

The key on the infrared transmitter a mas¬ 
ter key. 

Except for the alarm function, all remote- 
contro functions can also be performed 
with the conventional keys (see Page 7). 


32 93 t>1 115 


Renew the batteries if the LED does not 
come on when a button is pressed, and 
closing movements cannot be performed: 

Lever off the cover at the recess (arrow) with 
the a(d of a sc re wd river 

Remove the 2 screws (arrows) and take off 
the cover. 

The correct battery type and installed posi¬ 
tion are printed on the battery holder. 


Use only batteries of the specified type. 

Initialising the transmitter 

After renewing the transmitter battery, the 
infrared transmitter must be initialised (un¬ 
less renewing takes ess than one minute 
and none of the buttons is pressed). The 
same applies if a new transmitter has been 
obtained, e.g. to replace a faulty one: 

Hand in spent batteries at a col¬ 
lection point for used batteries or 
at your BMW service station. 

The car must have been opened using the 
remote control, 

- Close the driver's door. 


If the driver's door is not closed, the initial¬ 
ising process can still be carried out but 
any further initialising process in future is 
blocked. This blocking must then be recti¬ 
fied by a BMW service station. 

- Briefly turn the ignition key in the steering 
Jock to position 1 (for max. 5 seconds),, 
then back to 0. 

- Press button 1 (illustrated) on the trans¬ 
mitter and hold depressed. Press button 2 
briefly three times within 10 seconds, 
meanwhile always keeping button 1 de¬ 

Release button 1; the LEO will flash slowly 
for max, 10 seconds. 

- While the LED is flashing, hold the trans¬ 
mitter close to the receiver under the in¬ 
side mirror (at a distance of no mere than 
app, 15 cm) and : sress one of the two but¬ 

- The central ocking function will be en¬ 
gaged and immediately released again, 
indicating that the transmitter has been 
successfully initialised. 

If the LEDs do not flash or if the central lock¬ 
ing does not respond, the initialising pro¬ 
cedure must be repeated. 

Any ot h er tran sm \ tters u sed fo r the car (up to 
four arc possible) must each be initialised 
within 30 seconds. Do not operate the igni¬ 
tion this time. 

If a transmitter develops a fault, a replace¬ 
ment can be obtained from your BMW ser¬ 
vice station. 


In the same way that any key can be copied, 
the infrared transmitter's signal can also be 
reproduced. To guard against abuse, the 
code is changed automatically each time 
the transmitter is used and it can be re-ini¬ 
tialised at any time. You should nevertheless 
always protect the infrared transmitter 
against use by unauthorised persons. 



Moving seat forward/back 

Pull isver (1) and push the seat to the desired 


After releasing the lever, make su r e that the 
seat engages in its catches, 

Angie of complete seat (driver's seat only) 
Full lever (2) and move the seat as required. 

BMW sports seat* 

Additional adjustment of thigh support at 
hand wheel to one side of the frame front 

Seat back adjustment 

Pull lever (1) and apply weight against the 
seat back or allow it io come forward. 

Seat height adjustment 

Press lever (2). Apply weight to seat or allow 
it to come up as required 


Do not reposition the driver's seat while the 
car is in motion, A sudden seat movement 
could cause you to 'ose control of the car 
and result in an accident. Nor should the 
front passenger's seat be fully reclined while 
the car is being driven. 


The spine obtains most relief when you sit 
right back in the seat and rest against the 
seat back. 

Ideally, the drivers head should be on a 
straight line forming a direct extension of the 
spinal column. 

On longer journeys the sea: back angle can 
be increased slightly to reduce the strain on 
the body muscles further However, the 
driver must still be able to reach the full cir¬ 
cumference of the steering wheel with the 
arms slightly bent. 

Front and rear head restraints* 

To alter the height, pull up or push down as Pivot forward or back to adjust the 


Head restraints help to reduce spinal injury if 
an accident occurs. They should be posi¬ 
tioned approximately at ear height when the 
seat is occupied. 


Electric front seat adjustment* 

1 - Seat angle adjustment 

2 - Forward back seat movement 

3 - Seat height adjustment 

4 Seat back angle adjustment 

5 Head restraint height adiustment 

BMW sports seat* 

Additional adjustment of thigh support at 
rocker switch on outer edge of seat frame 
(switch A in right illustration), 

Seat, mirror and steering wheel 

Three different seat, doer mirror and steer¬ 
ing wheel positions* can be programmed 
and selected when required. 

Programming (ignition key position 1 or 

Move seat, mirrors and steering wheel to 
the desired positions, 

- Press the MEMORY button; the telltale 
lamp shows readiness for programming. 

- Press button 1, 2 or 3 to store these set¬ 


With the driver's door open o r with the door 
closed but the automatic interior light still on 
or the ignition key turned to position 1: 
Press the desired button 1, 2 or 3 briefly. 
The automatic movement process is in¬ 
terrupted as soon as a seat or mirror con¬ 
trol switch or the memory keys are 

With the driver's door closed and the igni¬ 
tion key either removed or in position 0 or 2: 
Press the desired button 1 ,2 or 3 until the 
resetting procedure has been completed, 

Tilting down passenger's side door mir¬ 

M rror changeover switch (see Page 26) in 
driver's door mirror position: 

When reverse or selector lever position R is 
selected, the passenger's side door mirror 
glass tilts down slightly to show the road 
alongside and behind the near side of the 
car (edge of kerb etc.), as an aid when park 

You can ce-activate the automatic mirror 
tilting s\ st em by resetti ng the I eft/rig ht m i r- 
ror changeover switch to the “passenger s 
Side mirror" position.. 


Lumbar support * 

Press rocker switch on inner side of seat 
frame to adjust to the required position. 

This facility enables you to extend or ^etract 
:be convex support in the seat back for the 
lower spine. 

This provides support for the upper pelvis 
and spine, to enable a relaxed sitting posi¬ 

Electrically-adjusted rear head 

When a rear passenger fastens his or her 
seat belt, the corresponding head restraint 
automatically moves into position 
To adjust the height operate the rocker 

34 88 01 13 

Steering column adjustment * 

Fold out the clamp lever. 

Puli out or push in the steering 
ts position in relation to the 
_ clamp lever back in. 


Do not adjust position of the Steering col¬ 
umn while driving - risk of accident. 


Electric stee ring wheel adjustment* 

Steering wheel reach and height* can be al¬ 
tered by moving the lever accordingly. 


Never adjust the steering wheel while 
driving - risk of accident 

Storing steering wheel position: see seat, 
mirror and steering wheel memory, Page 


Automatic steering wheel adjustment* 

(only in conjunction with height adjustment) 

To facilitate access and exit, the steering 

wheel moves to its top position when: 

- the ignition key is turned to position 0 

- the driver s door is opened when ignition 
key is in position 1 

- the ignition key is in position 2, the hand¬ 
brake is applied and the driver's door 

The steering wheel moves to the travel 

(memory) position when; 

- the ignition key is in position 2 and the 
handbrake is released when the driver's 
door is open 

- the ignition key is n pos tlon 2, the hand¬ 
brake is applied ard The driver’s door is 


Press the centre pad (the airbag cover) on 
the steering wheel at any convenient point. 

Standard steering wheel*: press one of the 
horn pushes. 


Through-loading facility* 

The rear seat is divided one-third/two- 
thirds, To store long objects, the seat cush¬ 
ions and seat back section(s) can be folded 

Pill the strap on the seat cushions and lift 
upright, moving the front seats forward 
slightly if necessary. 

The rear seat back is automatically disen¬ 
gaged and can then be folded forward. 


The outer corner sections of the seat backs 
are fixed. 

First pull out the head restraints* with a firm 
movement, positioning the seat back at an 
angle * necessary. 

The space between 'he folded seat back 
and the door is suitable for temporary stor¬ 
age of the head restraints. 

if a seat back m inadvertently locked fn posi¬ 
tion again., press the lever (arrow; and re¬ 
lease it; the seat back is now disengaged. 


If necessary, the seat cushions can also be 

Lift the cushions into an upright position, 
squeeze the release lever and lift out the 
cushions to the front. Follow the reverse 
procedure when installing. 

Lor 1 g tems can be carned with the front pas¬ 
senger s seat slid forward, its head restraint 
removed [a sudden jerk is necessary to re¬ 
move the electrically-operated version) and 
the seal back in the reclined position. 

To install an electrically-operated head re¬ 
straint again, press m firmly to engage in 

With the seat cushion removed, raise the re- 
taimq mount (arrow) and allow the red seat 
back side to engage n the pin on the 


Before installing a sea - oust-ion again after 
removal, always fold ire retaining mount 

Ensure that loads are secured in transit to 
prevent them from sliding around, so that 
they cannot injure the car's occupants par 
ticularly when it is braked or caused to 

When the seat back is folded back up, en¬ 
sure that it engages correctly so that Tie 
sea: belt functions properly. The red slide 
(arrow) must move down, 

If a seat back is not Socked into position, the 
seat oe5t cannot be pulled out. 


BMW touring 

Folding rear seat backs 

The rear seat back is d video one-third/ 


To fold down, reach into the recess (arrow), 
pull forward and fold it down completely. 

To fold up, likewise take hold of it at the re¬ 
cess. pull it up and allow the seat back to en¬ 
gage in position. 


When properly engaged, the red warning 
area is concealed in the recess. 

Roller cover for load area 

Pull out roller cover and engage at rear in the 

The roller cover cassette can be removed: 
Press the buttons on either side [arrow] and 
take out the cassette. 

To reinstall, simply press the cassette into 
the holders. 

Light-weight objects, such as items of 
clothing, may be placed on the roller cover. 

Load area dividing net* 

Pul the net out of the larger seat back top 
section, extend the mounting red to the full 
width and locate in the holders (see illustra¬ 

If desired, the smaller net section can also 
be drawn out and fitted to the mounting 

Holders for the mounting roc are available 
with the rear seat tiack(s) both folded down 
and erect, 


Flaps in load area base 

Flaps in load area side trims 

To open: Press the release button to open. 

Press the rear recessed handle (arrow), fold 
up flap on handle. 

The front flap conceals the following: 

Carjack, wheel stud wrench, wheel chock, 
adapter for thiefproof wheel studs*, hex¬ 
agonal wrench for wheel stud cover* and 
ball head for trailer tow hitch*. 

The rear flap conceals the fol lowing: 

Spare wheel and storage compartment with 

Auxiliary power socket* 

Can be used as a power socket for electrical 
equipment rated at up to app. 280 W at 
12 V. 

Take care not to damage the socket by un¬ 
suitable plugs. 


Reinforced load-area roller cover* 

Pull out the cover using the handle and en¬ 
gage in the sockets at the .rear. 

The roller cover has a load-bearing capacity 
of 25 kg. 


Heavy or hard objects should only be 
transported on the roller cover if the load 
area dividing net is in position. Make sure 
that such objects will not be flung 
through the dividing net, e,g. as a result of 
braking manoeuvres. 

Before pushing back, place the handle in the 
last fold of the cover. 

When extended, the cover can be opened 
from behind the rear seat back, e.g for ac¬ 
cess to the load area from the rear seat while 
in transit. 

Push back the cover at the first rod; a certain 
amount of Initial resistance needs to be 
overcome, To close, likewise press the first 
rod gently Into the sockets. Ensure that the 
short front tab is resting on the side sup¬ 



Tilt the cover forwards and introduce it to¬ 
gether with the two cartridges into the hold¬ 
ers {arrow on the cartridges indicates front}, 
push forward and then press down to en¬ 


To engage the cartridge properly the top 
side must lie flush with the guide rails so that 
the rods can slide smoothly when exten¬ 


Grip tne cover at both outer ends, push for¬ 
ward (1), Eft back (2) and then raise to the 
rear to remove (3), 

Alternative y. carefully follow the above pro¬ 
cedure tor each side separately. 


When removed h take care that the rods are 
kept in the cartridge. 

When not installed, this item should there¬ 
fore ideally be carried as illustrated. 

If the rods should inadvertently sbde out, 
they must be inserted in the cartridge at 
noth ends simultaneously. 


Seat belts 

The car's occupants should put on their 
seat belts before each journey starts, 

fhe seat belt catch should be heard to en¬ 
gage when the belt tongue is inserted into 

Releasing the seat belt catch: 

Press the red button on fhe catch Guide the 
belt back into the automatic reel if neces¬ 

Place the belt across the pelvis and shoul¬ 
der, making sure that it is not twisted (do not 
pass the belt over hard or breakable objects 
in your pockets or clothing). The belt adjusts 
itself according to body movements. 

The belt should be as close to the body as 
possible, therefore avoid wearing thick and 
heavy clothing and do not tilt the seat too far 
back. Take up slack regularly by pulling up 
the belt at the shoulder. 


For fhe following reasons! it is essential for 
the belt not to be worn slack (and for the seat 
back not to be reclined at too great an angle 
when the car is being driven): 
in tiie event of a head-on collision, the lap 
belt could slip over the hips and injure the 
lower part of the wearer's body. Further 
more, the restraining effect of the seat belt is 
delayed if the belt is too slack. 

Pregnant women should always wear the 
seat belt, making sure that the lap belt pas¬ 
ses low down over the hips and does not 
press against the lower part of the ab¬ 

The height of the upper belt anchorage point 
is automatically adjusted as the seat is 
moved forward anc: back, to suit occupants 
of various heights. 

Only one person must be secured by each 
seat belt. 

The seat belt must not pass over the neck, 
become jammed or be allowed to rub 
against any sharp edges. 


Never carry babies or small children on your 
lap when being driven. 

Use suitable child restraint systems for chil¬ 
dren up to 12 years old. 

Babies up to 9 months old can be carried in 
a shell-type seat secured to the front pas¬ 
senger's or rear seat by means of the stand¬ 
ard seat belts and facing to the rear, 

There is the BMW VAR 10 system for children 
aged between 9 months and 3 years, and 
between 3 and 6 years. 

For children aged between 9 months and 3 
years, the seat is secured at two catches on 
the front passenger's seat; children aged 
between 3 anc 6 years use the BMW VAR 10 
system and the standard seat belt, facing 
the front. 

A further three-section child's seat consist 
ing of seat shell, seat back and restraint de¬ 
vice is generally suitable for children be¬ 
tween 2 and 12 years old. 

It is mounted facing forward, using the 
standard seat belt. 

Whenever child restraint systems are used, 
always observe the manufacturer's instruc¬ 
tions. The mounting points at the rear are 
available as standard. 


Child restraint systems may not be used 
or the front passenger's seat if a front- 
passenger airbag is fitted. 


Do not tamper with any occupant restraint 

If any damage or severe stress is incurred by 
a belt system, including the belt-catch ten¬ 
sioner and BMW child restraint systems*, 
the affected components must be renewed 
by a BMW service station and the belt an¬ 
choring points checked. 

If the bell-catch tensioner is triggered off, 
there will oe a gap of app, 20 mm between 
the belt catch and the housing. 

The belt locking mechanism will act 

- the belt is pulled too fast 

- the car is braked or accelerated abruptly 

- taking corners, and 

- the car is at a steep angle. 


Please explain these points concerning the 
sea: belts to any passengers travelling with 
yon and make sure that the seat belts are 
used properly, 

Notes on care: see Page 125. 

Airbag restraint system* 

- Driver airbag* 

- Front-passenger airbag* 

The airbag restraint system protects the 
driver and front passenger in a head-on col¬ 
lision. The inflated airbag restrains forward 
movement of the driver's and front passen¬ 
ger s body and protects the upper body 
against injury. 

The picture shows the area within w hich the 
airbag system is triggered off. 

In less severe accidents and if the car 
rolls over, is sideswiped or struck from 
the rear, protection is provided by the 
seat belt. 


The airbag is an additional safety feature, 
and must not be regarded as an alterna¬ 
tive to wearing the seat belt. 

AIRBAG telltale light on instrument panel 
or on sports steering wheel*: 

This telltale confirms that the system is in 
working order when the ignition key is 
turned to position 1 or beyond. 

System operational: 

- The telltale light comes on for about 6 
seconds or 2 seconds* and then goes 

System defective: 

- The telltale light does not come or at all. 

- The telltale light comes on for about 6 
seconds or 2 seconds*, goes out briefly 
and then comes on again. 

- The telltale light flashes for 5 minutes du r 
ing a journey*, then remains on perma¬ 

The telltale light is permanently on during 
a journey, or flickers*. 

In these cases there is a risk that the system 
will not be triggered off in the event of a suffi 
ciently severe accident within the airbag 
range. Please have it checked by a BMW 
service station without delay. 

What happens when the system is trig¬ 
gered off? 

The airbags, which are concealed under the 
padded flap in the steering wheel and instru¬ 
ment panel, are inflated rapidly, burst out of 
the preformed aperture and fill the space in 
front of the padded flaps. 

The entire process, in which a considerable 
amount of energy is released, takes only 
one-twentieth of a second. 

J Airbag restraint system fitted in sports steering 


In view of the very brief system response 
time the sound of propellant ignition, infla¬ 
tion and subsequent deflation are lost in the 
general accident situation. 

Propellant gas and small quantities of fumes 
are released when the airbag is triggered off. 
They do not represent a health hazard or im¬ 
ply that the car has caught fire. 

The sudden increase in pressure inside the 
car when the airbag or airbags i s/a re inflated 
may temporarily impair the driver's or front 
passenger's sense of hearing. 


Your seated position should be at a suit¬ 
able distance from the steering wheel or 
instrument panel. 

Always hold the steering wheel at the rim t 
as there is otherwise the risk of injury to 
the hands and arms. 

No objects should be carried between 
the airbag compartment and the person it 
is intended to protect* 

Even if all these points are observed, fa- 
cial injuries as a result of the airbag being 
triggered off cannot be entirely ruled out 
due to the circumstances of each individ¬ 
ual accident. 

Airbag safety instructions 
No modifications to individual components 
or to the wiring should be attempted. This in¬ 
cludes the padded cover in the centre of the 
steering wheel and the cover on the instru¬ 
ment panel, which must never be covered 
with adhesive or any other material or other¬ 
wise modified or reworked in any way, The 
steering wheel itself must not betaken off. 

Once an airbag system has been triggered 
off, all components must be renewed. 

All work on the airbag system must be car¬ 
ried out by a BMW service station. 

Any careless or unskilled interference 
with the system could lead to its failure or 
to accidental triggering off with the risk of 

if an airbag generator has to be scrapped, 
th^ safety precautions issued by BMW must 
always be complied with. They can be stud¬ 
ied at any BMW service station, 

Child restraint systems mounted on the front 
passenger s seat are not permitted on cars 
with a front-passenger airbag. In certain 
countries it is in any case required by law 
that children under the age of 12 may only 
travel at the rear. 


Please explain these points concerning the 
atrbag restraint system to the front pas 
senger, and make- sure that they are ob¬ 


Electric remote-control door mirror 

Operate the mirror s. itch to re posit w the 
mirror as necessary 

Electric mirror heating* 

The heating element comes on and is con¬ 
trolled automatically in ignition key position 
2 . 

Passengers door mirror 

Operate the changeover switch and then the 
mirror switch to move th s mirror tef the de¬ 
sired position. 


This mirror has a convex glass. Objects seen 
in it are closer than they appear to be, so that 
it is not always possible to estimate their dis¬ 
tance behind the car accurately This also 
applies to the outer section of the aspherical 
wide-angle mirrors. 


Aspherical wide-angle mirrors* 

The outer section of the mirrors is convex 
and reflects an enlarged, but slightly dis¬ 
torted, area behind the car. The miner section 
of the mirrors reflects the rear-view area. 

This improves the driver's range of rearward 
vision and eradicates the “blind spot" at the 
rear and side of the car. 

Manual mirror operation 

Reposition the mirror by moving the glass at 
the edges. 

For mirror memory, see Page 15. 

Inside mirror 

Move ti e small lever to reduce trie effect of 
glare from following cars headlights when 
driving at night. 

inside mirror in conjunction with infra¬ 
red-transmitter remote control 

Turn the knob beneath the mirror. 

Position 0: normal position. 

Position I: anti-glare position. 

Sun visors 

These can be pivoted in front of the side win¬ 
dows if necessary. The make-up mirrors are 
located behind a sliding cover 

Make-up mirrors with light* 

The light comes on when the sun visor is 
folded down and the car's lights are on. 
Slide the cover to one side as necessary. 

Automatic-dip inside mirror* 

“his mirror dips automatically and step- 
lessly in accordance with the intensity of the 
light received (ambient light and the effect of 
following headlights}. 

The mirror automatically switches to ire 
standard, non-dimmed position when re¬ 
verse gear is engaged. 

Automatic-dip inside mirror in conjunc¬ 
tion with infra red-transmitter remote 

Turn the knob beneath the mirror. 

Position 0: automatic-dip function off. 
Position I: automatic-dip function as de¬ 
scribed above. 


Keep the photo-cells unobstructed and 
clean in order to preserve the mirror’s func¬ 


Ignition/starter Switch and steering 

0 - Steering locked, 

The key can be inserted find removed 
m this position only, 

Ail items of electrical equipment are 
switched off except for the following: 
side/parking fights, Interior lighting, ha¬ 
zard warning flashers, electric seat ad¬ 
justment, cigarette lighter, 

To lock the steering, pull out the key 
and tu rn the steering wheel slightly until 
the lock engages. 

To release the steering lock, it may be 
necessary to turn the steering wheel 

1 - Steering unlocked. 

Further electrical equipment such as 
the radio and on-board computer can 
be operated. 

2 - Ignition switched on; 

BMW 525td/tds: preheating on. 

All other items of electrical equipment 
can be operated. 

A wen-charged battery is essential if elec¬ 
trically operated equipment is to operate re¬ 
liably and full driving convenience be main¬ 
tained When the engine is idling or in the 
course of a short journey, the alternator only 
ch arges the battery very slightly. You are re- 
commended to switch off electrical equip¬ 
ment with a high current consumption tem¬ 
porarily unless absolutely necessary, for 
example seat heating or heated rear win¬ 
dow, in slew-speed city driving or nose-to¬ 
tal I traffic. 

To maintain various memories ntact, a very 
slich t current continues to flow. This should 
be remembered in particular when leaving 
hie car out of use for more than four weeks. 
To prevent the battery from becoming 
drained if the car s u > be left out of use for a 
lengthy period, it shook 1 idisconnected at 
die negative terminal (see Page 91). 

3 - Starter motor operated. 

Do not depress the accelerator 
pedal while starting the engine. 

On cars with automatic transmission, the 
engine can only be started in selector lever 
positions PorN, 

Important notes 

Never run the car's engine in an enclosed 
space. The exhaust contains carbon 
monoxide which, although colourless 
and odourless, is extremely toxic, Inhal¬ 
ing exhaust gas constitutes a severe 
health risk and can lead to loss of con¬ 
sciousness with fatal consequences. 

Never pull out the ignition key when the 
car is moving. 

Otherwise, the ignition lock will engage and 
maKe it impossible to steer the car, 

Always remove the ignition key and fake 
it with you when leaving the car Make 
sure that the steering lock has engaged. 


Instrument duster Page 

1 - Fuel gauge with telltale 34 

2 - Speedometer 

3 - Turn Indicator, high beam and trailer flasher telltales 35 

4 - Revolution counter with Energy Control 33 

5 - Coolant temperature gauge 34 

6 - Warning lights for low engine oil pressure. ABS, airbag, brake hydraulics, 

brake pad wear and handbrake applied 25,35 

7 - Automatic transmission selector lever position indicator (with program 

indicator and telltale light for electronic shift control unit) 42 

8 - Total and trip distance recorders, Service Interval indicator 33.34 

9 - Reset knob for trip distance recorder 33 

10 - Front and rear fag I ight telltales and battery charge telltale; additionally 

on BMW 525td/tds; warning light for electronic fuel injection system 

control; telltale for preheating 36.76.99 


Instru men t ctus ter * 1 Pag e 

1 - Fuel gauge with telltale 34 

2 - Speedometer 

3 - Turn i rid \ c ato r> hi g h be am an d trail er flash e r tel Ital es 35 

4 - Revolution counter with Energy Control 33 

5 - C oolant tern perat u re g a uge 34 

6 Warning lamps for handbrake, brake hydraulics, 

antiblock braking system (ABS) and airbag 25,35 

7 - Check Control key 38 

8 - Automatic transmission selector lever position lamps and program display 42 

9 - C hec k Contra I d i s play 3 8 

ID - Engine oil pressure warning lamp, telltale for ASC+T and 

electronic differential system on BMW 525IX 36, 40 

11 - Service Indicator 34 

12 - Total and trip distance recorders 33 

13 - Reset knob for trip distance recorder 33 

14 - Battery charge and front and rear fog light telltales 36 


Daytime lights setting* 

ft desired, the light switch can remain at 
stage 2: when the ignition is turned off, the 
vehicle lights go out. 

Depending on version, the daytime lights 
come on automatically in ignition key posi¬ 
tion 2 even if the light switch is at 0, 

Main light switch 

Stage 1 side lights 

Stage 2: low headlight beams 

If the ignition is switched off with the head¬ 
lights or . they will go out but the slide lights 
will remam on. 

Cars without Check Control: 

When the ignition key is turned back to 0, a 
buzzer sounds for a few seconds as a re¬ 
minder that the main light switch is on. 

The buzzer can be switched off by pressing 
the trip distance recorder reset knob, 

Cars with Check Control: 

The remi nder appears on the Check Control 

Instrument lighting 

Turn the knurled wheel to adjust the light in¬ 

Turn indicator and high/ 
low beam lever 

1 High headlight beam (blue telltale] 

2 Headlight flasher 

3 - Turn indicators (green telltale lamp 

flashes and the flasher relay emits a tick 
Ing sound). 

If the telltale lamp flashes faster and the tick¬ 
ing occurs more rapidly than normal, one of 
the turn indicator bulbs has blown. 

Brief operation of turn indicators 

When pulling away from the roadside or 
changing lanes, you need only move the 
lever slightly away from its rest position. 
When released, it will cancel immediately. 

Parking Eights, right or left 

Move the turn indicator lever beyond the 
normal indicating position and allow it to 


Wash/wipe system 

1 — Intermittent wipe 

2 - Norma! wiper speed 

3 - Fast wiper speed 

4 - Short wipe 

: Automatic windscreen wash 
6 ■ A u to m at i c i nten sive cl ea n i n g 

Cleaning system* for headlights and front 
fog lights 

Every fifth time the automatic windscreen 
wash O'' intensive cleaning system is acti¬ 
vated, the headlights are also simultan¬ 
eously cleaned if the vehicle lights are 
switched on. 

Reservoir: see Page 89, 

1 - Intermittent action 

The interval depends on vehicle speed. If fa¬ 
cility for programming is available:* 

Move briefly to position 1 from position 0 to 
program the interval period. 

The time before the wipers are again 
switched on (from position Oto position 1) is 
the programmed interval (max. 20 s r twice 
as long when the car is standing still). 

To cancel the programmed interval, return 
the lever to 0 or switch off the engine. 

2 - Normal wiper speed 

The wipers operate intermittently when the 
car is standing still. 

5 - Automatic windscreen wash 

Washing water is sprayed onto the wind 
screen and the wipers are operated briefly. 
(Exception: when the lever Is actuated 
briefly, washing water is sprayed onto the 
windscreen without the windscreen wipers 
coming on.) 

6 - Automatic intensive cleaning 

As function 5, with intensive cleaning fluid 
additionally sprayed onto the windscreen 

Heated windscreen washer jets*: 

switched on automatically when ignition key 
is in position 2, 


Do not use the w ndscreen washer if there is 
any chance of the liquid freezing to the glass 
and interfering with your view of the road 
and traffic ahead.. 

Do not operate the windscreen washer 
when its fluid reservoir is empty, or else the 
pump will be damaged. 

Detach wiper blades which have frozen to 
the glass before operating the windscreen 
wipers, to avoid overloading or damaging 
the system. 

BMW touring 

1 - Intermittent setting for rear-window wip¬ 


2 - Automatic cleaning system for rear win¬ 

dow (one-touch function) 

Reservoir: see Page 89 


34 88 01 25 

Distance recorder 

This shows the total number of kilometres or 
miles covered by the car. 

Trip recorder 

Records journey distances up to 999.9 km 

or miles. 

Press the button to reset to zero (ignition key 
turned to position 1 or further). 

To display the distance recorder or trip dis¬ 
tance recorder total with the ignition key re¬ 
moved or in position 0, press the reset but¬ 
ton; the total will be displayed for a brief 

Revolution counter 

Avoid engine speeds in the red warning 

fhe fuel supply is interrupted In this zone to 
protect the engine, which ru ns unevenly as a 

32 87 01 26 

Energy Control 

Shows fuel consumption in litres per 100 

The dial dearly indicates whether the car is 
being driven economically or not. 

When the car is idling, the needle will drift io 
the top end of the scale, 


34 91 01 29 

Fuel gauge 

l~he telltale lamp comes on to indicate that 
there are app. 8 litres (1.75 Imp. gal) of fuel 
remaining in the tank. 

After the ignition has been switched on, the 
telltale light remains on for a short period to 
confirm that it is operating correctly 

Coolant temperature gauge 

Slue: engine cold Drive at moderate engine 
and road speeds. 

Red, “COOLANT TEMP” warning (in 
Check Control); engine too hot. Stop the 
engine immediately and allow it to cool 

Between the two coloured zones: normal 
operating temperature. If outside tem¬ 
peratures are very high or the engine has 
been working very hard, the needle may ap¬ 
proach the red zone. 

Checking coolant level, see page 88. 

Service Indicator 

Green tight*emitting diodes (LEO): the 

fewer are on, the sooner the nex: service will 
be due. 

Yellow LED in conjunction with OILSER- 
VICE or INSPECTION: comes on when the 
next service routine is due. 

Red LED: a service routine is overdue. 

Clock symbol in conjunction with IN¬ 
SPECTION: shows that brake fluid renewal 
is due. 


Periods during which the battery has been 
disconnected are ignored by the display. 
Any such times must be taken into account 
to ensure that the brake fluid is changed ac¬ 
cording to schedule (every two years), i.e, it 


will be necessary to change the brake fluid 
before the clock symbol lights up. 

All displays go out when the engine is start¬ 

The Service Indicator is reset by the BMW 
service station after the appropriate work 
has been performed. 

For further notes, see the Service Booklet. 

Telltale and warning lamps 

4i 0 Lett/right flashing turn in- 
- dicators 

Rashes in the same rhythm as the turn in¬ 
dicators when these are being operated. 

High headlight beam 

Comes or when the high-beam headlights 
are on and when the headlight flasher is 

Trailer turn indicators* 

Operates together with the vehicle turn in- 
o icator teiltale when towing a trailer. 

For further notes see Fags 117 

Brake lining wear 

Comeson when the ignition is turned on and 
goes out after the engine has started.. 

If the lamp comes on during a journey renew 
the brake linings immediately. 

Warning: only use brake linings approved 
by BMW, as the General Operating Permit 
will otherwise be invalidated, 

(©) Handbrake 

Goes out after the engine has started. 
Comes on when the handbrake is applied. 

(©) Brake hydraulics 

Goes out after the engine has started. 

If the lamp comes or during a journey, brake 
fluid level is too low, 

For further notes see Pages 87 and 98. 

{©) Antilock braking system (ABS) 

Goes out after the engine has started. If the 
lamp comes on during a journey, the ABS is 
fault. and out of operation. The brakes can 
be operated conventionally, with no loss of 


For further notes see Page 120. 

F a sten s eat belt* 

(Possibly together with acoustic signal and ' 
or Check Control message*) 

Conies on briefly when the ignition is 
switched on, then goes out (depending on 
version, only after the seat belt has been 


Engine oil pressure 

Goes out after the engine has started. It may 
come on when the engine is idling if hot, but 
must then go out as engine speed in¬ 


if the lamp comes on during a journey and 
the ENGINE OIL PRESS display is shown by 
the Check Control,, stop the car immediately 
and switch off the engine. Check the engine 
oil level and add more o I if necessary, if the 
oil level is correct, consult a BMW service 


.•'C\ a) ASC+T = Automatic Stability 
plus Traction Control 

b) BMW 525IX: electronic differen¬ 
tial lock system 

Battery charge 

Goes out after the engine has started. 

If the lamp comes on during a journey, there 
is a fault at the alternator V-belt or in the 
charging circuit so that the battery is not be¬ 
ing charged. 


If the V-belt >s faulty, the coolant pump is no 
longer being driven and there is a risk of the 
engine overheating and becoming dam¬ 

Consult a BMW service station. 

If the V-belt is defective,, steering effort will 
be greatly increased; 

Front fog lights* 

a) Further notes: see Page 40 

b) Telltale lamp flashes 

Differential lock system active as a result of 
performance conditions c f surface proper¬ 

Gomes or when the front fog lights are 
switched on. 

Rear fog lights 

Telltale comes on: 

The system Is faulty, but the car can be 
driven normally without the differential lock 
action. Contact a BMW service station to 
have the system repaired. 

Minor, temporary faults can be rectified by 
the system self-test function by repeatedly 
starting the engine. 

Comes on when the rear fog lights are 
switched on. 

BMW 525td/tds 

TJTT Preheating 

For further notes, see Page 76. 

& Electronic fuel injection control 

Gomes on for a few seconds in ignition key 
position 2 (preheating). 

For further infor mation, see Page 99, 


Front fog lights* 

The green telltale lamp in the instrument 
cluster comes on when the front fog lights 
are switched on. 

Rear fog Ugh ts 

The yellow telltale lamp in the instrument 
cluster comes on when the rear fog lights are 
switched on. 

Please note national regulations with rega-d 
to Hie use of fog lights. 

Heated rear windo w 

Press the button: the heating circuit runs at 
is full output rating when the telltale lamp is 
on [for rapid defrosting). 

Vehicles with air conditioning or automatic 
air conditioning: 

When the lamp goes out, the circuit has 
switched over to the economy r at ng, and 
switches off completely after app. 20 

; f necessary, press the button again: a new 
operating cycle commences with rapid de¬ 
frosting as before. 

To switch off, press the button again when 
the lamp is on. 

Every time the engine is restarted, the rear 
window heating has to be switched on again 
as required. 

Hazard warning flashers: 

The red telltale lamp in the pushbutton with 
the triangle symbol flashes rhythmically 
when the hazard warning flashers are 
switched on. 

When the car's lights are switched on. a lo¬ 
cating bulb comes on in the pushbutton for 
the hazard warning flashers. 


Check Control * 

The following system faults are displayed in the form of inscriptions, 
and a gong warning is sounded. 

A distinction is made between three levels of priority 

Priority 1 Instruction/remedy 




Level fallen to MJN/top up at next opportunity, 
see Pages 87. 98. Have the cause of brake fluid 
loss rectified by a BMW service station. 

Too low/stop car and switch off engine at once. 
See Pages 36, 85 

Coolant temperature too high/stop car and 
switch off engine at once. See Pages 34, 88 
Displayed after a minimum road speed has 
been exceeded 



Brake light failure - bulbs failed or fuse blown/ 
renew bulbs or fuse (see Page 102 or 92) 

Brake light failure - fuse blown or circuit fault/ 
renew fuse (see Page 92) or consult BMW ser¬ 
vice station. 

SUSPN LEVELLING* Car is overloaded (rear-axle load limit 

exceeded) or self-levelling suspension has a 
fault/reduce load on car or consult a BMW ser¬ 
vice station (do not drive at more than 170 km/h 
[106 mile/h]} - see Page 99. 

Note: the SUSPN LEVELLING display alternates with a "Max. 170 
km/h” warning if this speed is exceeded. The warning is cancelled if 
the car's speed is reduced sufficiently below this speed. 

Displayed if the legal road speed limit is ex- 
ceeded. Comply with local regulations. 


The above faults are displayed immediately, accompanied by a 
warning gong and flashing warning symbol ■ 

If more than one fault occurs at once, the displays are shown in 
succession. These displays cannot be cancelled with the Check 
Control (CC) key 2 

Priority 2 






A u t o m atic t ra ns m iss i o n: 
defect m shift electronics/see Page 44 
Wom/see Page 98 
Top up at the earl iest 
opportunity/see page 89 
Bulb b ! own/see Page 102 
Bulb blown, fuse blown or 
circuit defective/see Pages 101 or 92 
or consult BMW service station 
Trailer lighting fuse blown or circuit failure/re¬ 
new fuse or consult BMW service station 

The displays appear when the ignition key is in position 2 (if priority 
1 faults occur, these are automatically superimposed). Aftei the dis¬ 
play has gone out, the reminder symbol remains. If a plus sign T ap¬ 
pears, this means that there are further displays which should be 
called up by pressing the CC key. 


Note: with the CC key. displays can be cancelled before automatic 
canceling takes place, and other stored displays indicated by 
symbols can be called up. 

Priority 3 Instruction/remedy 


ENGINE OIL LOW* Engine oil level has dropped to MIN/check oil 

level and top up at next opportunity (when re¬ 
fuelling), see Page 85 

COOLANT LEVFf Coolant is too low/top up at next opportunity, 

see Page 83 

OfL LEVEL SENSOR* Sensor for engine oil levei faulty/consul I BMW 

service station at the next opportunity. 
Important: low oil level is not indicated until this 
fault is rectified! 

CHECK CONTROL Electronics defect, various announcements 

cannot be mdicated/consuit BMW service sta¬ 
tion at the next opportunity 

LIGHTS ON?* Displayed at end of journey (when driver's 

door is opened) 

FASTEN SEAT BELT* Possibly together with warning light*and/or 

acoustic signal*. 

The displays primarily appear at the end of the journey, when the 
ignition key has been turned back to position 0; several displays 
may appear in succession, with priority 3 displays shown after priority 
2 anc 1 displays. Even after removing the ignition key, when the dis¬ 
play nas gone out, the information can be called up agar with the CC 
key for about another 3 minutes. 

Displays also appear before the journey starts, when 1 he ignition key is 
turned to position 2; they disappear after a short time or when the jour¬ 
ney is started, and no reminder symbols remain. A repeat display ap¬ 
pears only when the ignition is returned to position 0. 

If a plus sign appears: call up further displays by pressing the CC 

General information: 

If the OWNER'S HANDBOOK display appears, see "Instruction/rem¬ 
edy 1 ' for notes on the display concerned. 

The "Owner's Handbook" display can be canceled by pressing the 
CC key. 

Checking operation of the Check Control display (only if no messages 

Press the CC key with ignition key in position 2: the display CHECK 
CONTROL OK must appear. 


ASC+T-Automafic Stability plus 
Traction Control 

Thissystem preventsthedri ven wheeIs from 
spinning even if road conditions are poor 
(e.g, slippery surfaces), and ensures max¬ 
imum traction and grip within the limits im¬ 
posed by the physics! laws acting on the 

The system is ready to operate whenever 
the engine is started. 

The telltale light in the instrument cluster 
goes out after the engine has been started. 

To switch off the system: 

Press the button; the teiltale light will come 

To switch the system on again: 

Press the button a second time; the telltale 
light will go out. 

If the telltale light flashes: 

The system is active, that is to say it is com¬ 
pensating for fluctuations in traction caused 
by the road surface, 

If the telltale light does not go out after 
the engine has been started or comes on 
during the journey: 

The system is defective, but the car itself is 
fully operational with the exception of the 
ASC+T stab lity control function. Consult a 
BMW service station regarding repair of the 

For further information, see Page 121. 


The handbrake engages automatically 
when pulled up, and the "P telltale lamp n 
the instrument cluster comes on. 

Fo release the handbrake, pul! the ever up 
slightly press in the knob and push the lever 
fully down, 

The handbrake acts on the rear wheels. 

Do not apply it too hard when the cat is be¬ 
ing driven, to avoid excessive rear-wheel 
braking and the possibility of the rear of the 
car skidding. 


The brake lights do not come on when the 
handbrake is applied. 



On a gradient, do not try to keep the car still 
by slipping the clutch. Always apply the 
handbrake. A slipping clutch will suffer pre¬ 
mature and excessive wear. 

Manual gearbox 

The rest position for the gear lever is in the 
3rd/4th gear plane. When the lever is moved 
out of gear, it springs automatically to the 
rest (neutral) position. 

All ratios are equipped with synchromesh. 

Warning - All models except BMW 540i: 

At an engine speed of greater than 5000 
min (spark-ignition engines) or 3800 min' 1 
(diesel engines) in 5th gear, do not shift back 
down to 4th gear, otherwise you risk causing 
damage to the engine. 

Warning-BMW 5401 

Make quite sure that the gear lever is 
pressed to the right when attempting to 
select 5th or 6th gear, to prevent 3rd or 4th 
gear from being selected in error. 

If engine speed is above 5000/min in 6th 
gear, do not shift down to 5th gear, or dam¬ 
age to the engine may result. 

Selecting reverse 

With the oar standing still, press the gear 
lever to the left until the slight resistance is 

Reversing lights 

These come on when reverse gear is 
selected and the ignition is switched on. 





1 * 



* * 


h «• 



* m 




* ■ 


* !■ 



D £ 

D C 


34 9101 08 

Automatic transmission * 

Selector fever positions (1): 

BMW 51 Si, 525td: 

P R N D321 

BMW 52Qi, 525i/iX, 53Gi, 540i. 525t€is: 

PR N D432 

Jn addition, 3 different shift programs (2) can 
be selected at the program switch: 

E (Economy) - press switch 
S (Sport) - push switch in 
M (Manual) desired direction 

: k (Winter) 

See next page for notes on the shift pro¬ 

Please note: 

The engine can oe started in position P or N 

There is a safety catch under the selector 
lever handle which prevents accidental 
movement of the lever to certain positions. 
Press the catch in to permit further lever 

After selecting a speed range, wait for the 
transmission to engage before accelerat* 

The car tends to creep forwards (or back¬ 
wards) if the engine is running at idle speed 
and a drive ratio is engaged. 

If you shift accidentally from a drive ratio to 
N, always take your foot off the accelerator 
pedal immediately and then select the de¬ 
sired ratio. 

Before leaving the car with the engine run¬ 
ning, first select P or N and engage the 

P “Park 

Select only when the car is standing still. The 
rear wheels are locked to prevent the car 
rolling away. 

ft - Reverse 

Select only when the car is standing still and 
the engine is idling, 

N - Neutral (idling) 

Select only when the is stopped w thfhe 
engine running for any length of time. 

When the car is moving, select N only to 
counteract skidding. 

D - Drive (automatic) 

The normal driving position with automatic 
transmission. Afl forward gears are selected 
as required. 


3 - Direct drive BMW 518i, 525td) 

4-Direct drive (BMW 5201, 525i/iX, 530i. 
540 1 . 525tds) 

Select :bis position when in position D if 
road or traffic conditions cause the trans¬ 
mission to hunt between 4th and 3rd gears 
(BMW 5131, 525td) or 5th and 4th gears 
(BMW 52Qi 525i/iX, 530i, 540r, 525tds). 
BMW 52aids: the top speed is reached in 
4th gear You should therefore select this 
gear if you wish to drive at top speed. 

2 and 1 - Hill-climbing and engine brak¬ 

ing {BMW 51 Bi, 525td) 

3 and 2* - Hill-climbing and engine brak¬ 

ing (BMW 5201, 525i/iX ( 530i, 
540i, 525tds) 

Select these positions on mountain roads 
and very long uphill and downhill gradients. 
They make better use of the engine's per¬ 
formance and braking action, and prevent 
unnecessary up-shifts. 

On the BMW 51 - 8 ! and 525td, these posi¬ 
tions may not be selected at speeds of 
greater than '70 km/h (1D6 mile/h). 

On the BMW 520i, 525i/iX, 53Gi ( 54Qi and 
525tds s these positions can be selected at 
any speed. In each case- the transmission 
will only shift down when a suitably low 
speed is reached. 

Kick down 

The accelerator pedal can be depressed be- 
yo nd t he f u i I-th rottle pos iti on b y o v e rc o m i n g 
a detent 

Up to a certain speed range, the next-lower 
ratio is selected to provide improved ac¬ 
celeration, The next upward shift does not 
take place until a much higher engine speed 
has been reached. 

1 st gear i s sel ectetf auto mat lea I ly. 8y v irtueof its 
special 1 settings, this position is particularly suit¬ 
able for trailer towing, 

Transmission programs 

E - Economy program 

After starting the car, select this program for 
low-consumption motoring, 

S - Sports program 

This is the program for an enthusiastic driv¬ 
ing style. Upward gear shifts are delayed to 
make fuller use of the engine s power out¬ 

M - Manual program 

For driving conditions in which the selected 
gear is tc be held. In other words, the car 
also pulls away in this gear, and does not 
shift down when the car is accelerated. 
When this program is selected, the car- 
travels only n 3rd gear in position D. 

On inclines or when towing a trailer, for ex¬ 
ample. it is beneficial to drive in selector 
fever posh on 1 or 2 ; in wintery conditions 
or cy roads, position 4 is recommended for 
pulling away smoothly with no gearshifts. 

# Winter program 

For winter dr ving conditions. In position D 
gears 2 -5 only are selected in such a way as 
to improve traction in wintery conditions. 1 ) 

In positions 4, 3 anc 2 the selected gear is 
held. In other words, you can also pull away 
in this gear, arid the transmission does not 
shift down after acceleration . 

On inclines or when towing a trailer, for ex¬ 
ample, it is beneficial to drive in selector 
lever position 2; in wintery conditions on icy 
roads, position 4 is recommended for pull¬ 
ing away smoothly with no gear shifts. 

' ) B M W 540i - Switzer I an df vers i on: i n the eng i ne ' s 
warming-up phase, the car pulls away in 1st 


Telltale for selector electronics (3) 

- If the telltale lights up, or 

- If the TRANS PROGRAM display ap¬ 
pears in the Check Control, 

there is a fault in the electronic shift system 
or transmission. 

All selector lever positions remain available, 
but the car can only be driven in the follow¬ 
ing gears for forward travel: 

BMW 51 Bi, 525td: in position D, 3rd and 4th; 
in positions 2 and 1,3rd, 

BMW 52Qi, 525i/iX. 530i, 540i, 525tds: 4th 
and 5th gears. 

Avoid extreme engine loads and consult the 
nearest BMW service station 

A - “Adaptive 11 program 

This is the initial position every time the en¬ 
gine is started. When a forward speed is 
selected, the adaptive transmission control 
automatically selects the most advanta¬ 
geous shift program. The control system 
adapts continuously to the driver's style 
(e.g. restrained or enthusiastic approach), 
the properties of the road surface (e.g. slip¬ 
pery surface or sharp incline) and the mo¬ 
mentary driving situation (e.g. curves or 
downhill gradient;. 

S - “Sport’* program 

lr this position, only the most dynamic shift 
program is used 

This program is recommended if perform¬ 
ance oriented speed selection is desired, 
independent of the momentary driving 

Selector lever positions 

The selector lever positions are described 
or Page 42. However the function of posi¬ 
tions 4, 3 and 2 more resembles that of a 
speed limiting device which can therefore 
be deliberately chosen 
When in position 4 - direct drive - the trans- 
mission may hunt between 5th and 4th in 
position D. this effect does not occur with 

The AGS also functions in selector lever po¬ 
sitions 4. 3 and 2 with certain limitations on 
the available gears, depending on the posi¬ 
tion selected. 

Adaptive transmission control* 

Two programs can be selected at the pro¬ 
gram switch: 

A "Adaptive’'program 
5 - "Sport” prog ram 

Push the switch in the desired di motion. The 
selected program is then displayed inthein- 
sti j ment duster (see Page 42) 


Never carry out any work in the engine 
compartment when a gear (speed range) 
has been selected. 

Never leave children unattended inside 
the car 

For towing away, tow-starting and starting 
with a flat battery see Pages 95 and 93. 

34 94 oi 159 

Special functions 

In program A, the adaptive transmission 
control influences speed selection by 
means of various special functions. 

Certain shifting processes which were previ¬ 
ously common are now suppressed, and in 
special situations gear shifts which previ¬ 
ously did not occur now take place. 

Suppressing upshifts 

if the accelerator is let out rapidly while 
cornering at high speeds and on steep 
downwarc gradients, upshifts are usually 
suppressed. The engine's braking effect can 
thus be usei J and : he occurrence of undesir¬ 
able upshifts when the car is being driven in 
an enthusiastic manner is significantly re¬ 

Shifting down 

The comments on Page 43 on the kickdown 
function also apply to the AGS. In many in¬ 
stances. however, depressing the accelera¬ 
tor pedal rapidly will be sufficient to cause 
the transmission to shift down; it will then 
not be necessary to bring the kickdown 
function into operation. 

If the vehicle is braked on a sharp downhill 
gradient, up to a certain engine speed the 
transmission shifts down a gear. This in¬ 
creases the engine's braking effect. 

Selection of winter driving program 

When driving on a slippery surface (snow 
and ice), a winter program is automatically 
selected. The car pulls away in 2nd or 3rd 
gear and shifts up to higher gears at rela¬ 
tively low speeds. This program facilitates 
driving in wintery conditions, and the vehi¬ 
cle's traction and dynamic stability are en¬ 

The winter prog ran us eft when ever the AGS 
recognises that the car is on a high-grip sur¬ 
face, the "Sport" program is selected or the 
ASC+T is switched off 


Heating and ventilation 

1 Slide control for upper air distribution 

2 - Slide control for centre air distr bution 

3 - Slide control for lower a r distr bution 

4 - Rotary temperature selector, left side 

5 - On/off switch and rotary airflow volume 


6 Rotary temperature seIector r right side 

7 -Settings for maximum windscreen and 

side window defrosting 

1-3 Slide controls for air distribution 

The desired distribution of heated a : rcan be 
steplessly adjusted. 

Slide controI at left; closeci 

Slide control at right: fully open 

1 - Slide control for upper air distribution 

Air emerges through the defroster outlets for 
the windscreen and the front slide windows. 

2 - Slide control for centre air distribu¬ 


Air emerges through the directionally ad¬ 
justable, controlled-flow grilles in the centre 
of the facia and front doors, and through the 
co ntrolied-flow grille on the top of the facia. 

3 - Slide control for lower air distribution 

Air emerges through the front and rear foot- 
well outlets. 

Vehicles without microfilter: always keep 
this slide control at least half open, except 
when defrosting the windscreen, so that the 
temperature sensor of the electronic tem¬ 
perature control remains operational 

Rear ventilation* 

The rear can be ventilated independently of 
the slide controls via the directionally ad¬ 
justable, controlled-flow grilles in the end of 
the centre console. Only fresh air emerges 
from these grilles. 

4, 6 - Rotary temperature selectors for 
driver's/passenger's side 

The calibrations are intended as an approx¬ 
imate guide to the temperature inside ".he 
car The selected temperature is reached as 
soon as possible after the car has been 
started, and does not. normally need to be 
altered (electronic temperature control). 

Alter the setting only by a small amount at a 
time, to prevent excessive temperature 

At the right-hand limit position ot the driver's 
side control the temperature is no longer 
regulated automatically on either side (max¬ 
imum heating setting; also emergency heat¬ 
ing position if a fault has developed in the 
electronic temperature control system). 

5 - On/off switch and rotary airflow vol¬ 
ume control 

Position 0: system switched off* air entry 
shut off. 

Turned clockwise away from detent; mi¬ 
nimum airflow and blower rating. 

Turned further to right: airflow volume in¬ 
creases. minimum blower rating, 

Higher blower ratings; stages 2 to 4. 

For correct operation of the electronic tem¬ 
perature control system, the rotary control 
should always be turned to at least the 12 
o'clock position 

For most rapid windscreen and side-win¬ 
dow defrosting: 

7 - Setting for maximum windscreen and 
side window defrosting (removing ex¬ 
isting ice or condensation, keeping 
glass free) 

Maximum defrosting effect is not obtained 
until the engine reaches its norma! operating 

For maximum effect,, keep the ventilation 
outlets to the rear-seat area closed. 

if the windows fog over, this is usually 
caused by severe temperature differences 
(condensation) or by high atmospheric hu¬ 
midity. The only cure is to dry the glass by in¬ 
creasing the flow of air and its temperature. 

Stratified temperatures for freedom from 
fatigue on long journeys: feet warm, head 

Knurled wheel varies the temperature of 
the air emerging from the facia grilles and 
front door outlets. 

Up: warmer 

Down: cooler 

Each grille can be repositioned individually 
and the airflow volume adjusted at the 
knurled wheel. The gril le on the top of the fa¬ 
cia is permanently set to indirect ventilation 
of the centre zone. 


Heating and ventilation/ 
air conditioning* 

1 - Slide control for upper air distribution 

2 - Slide control for central air distribution 

3 - Slide control for lower air distribution 

4 - Temperature selector wheel, left side 

5 - On/off switch and rotary airflow volume 


6 - Temperature selector wheel, right side 

7 - Settings for maximum windscreen and 

side window defrosting 
B - Pushbutton for AUG* or recirculated - 
air operation 

9 - Pushbutton for air conditioning 
10 - Pushbutton for heated rear window 

1-3 Slide controls for air distribution 

The desired distribution of heated or fresh 
air can be steplessly adjusted. 

Slide control at left.; closed 

Slide control at right; fully open 

1 - Slide control for upper air distribution 

Air emerges through hie defroster outlets for 
the windscreen and the front side windows. 

2 - Slide control for central air distribu¬ 


Air emerges through the directionally ad¬ 
justable. controlled-flow grilles in the centre 
of the facia and front doors, and through the 
control led-flow grille on top of the facia. 

3 - Slide control for lower air distribution 

Air emerges via the front and rear footwell. 

Rear ventilation 

The rear can be cooled or ventilated in¬ 
dependently of the slide controls via the 

directionally adjustable, control led-flow 
grilles in the end of the centre console. 
These grilles deliver fresh air only, or cooled 
air if the air conditioning system is switched 

4, 6 - Rotary temperature selectors for 
driver’s/passenger's side 

Temperature control is switched on and off 
at the rotary knob on the driver's side: 
Left-hand limit position: no heating effect, 
temperature control off. 

As the control is turned to the right away 
from the detent position: temperature con¬ 
trol cuts in. 

Right-hand limit position 'detent): maximum 
heating output and temperature contro off 
false emergency position if a fault develops 
in the electronic temperature control sys¬ 

The calibrations are intended as an approx¬ 
imate guide to the temperature inside ‘he 
car. The selected temperature is reached as 
soon as possible after the car has been 
started, and does not normally need to be 
altered (electronic heating control; 

Alter the setting only by a small amount at a 
time, to prevent excessive temperature 

5 - On/off switch and rotary airflow vol¬ 
ume control 

Position 0: system switched off, air entry 
shut off. 

Turned clockwise away from detent; mini¬ 
mum airflow and blower rating. 

Turned further to right: airflow volume in¬ 
creases, minimum blower rating. 

Higher blower ratings: stages 2 to 4. 


For correct operation of the electronic tem¬ 
perature control system, the rotary control 
should always be turned to at least the 12 
o'clock position. 

For most rapid windscreen and side-win¬ 
dow defrosting; 

7 - Settings for maximum windscreen 
and side window defrosting (remov¬ 
ing existing ice or condensation, 
keeping glass free} 

Maximum defrosting effect is not obtained 
until the engine reaches its normal operating 

f «= T Pushbutton for recirculated- 

O air operation 

' Recommended when driving 

through badly contaminated outside air. The 
air inside the car is recirculated and no out¬ 
side air permitted to enter. 

The telltale in the pushbutton comes on to 
indicate recirculated-air operation. 

Although the air conditioning is automatic¬ 
ally switched on to improve the quality of the 
air by removing excess moisture, the recir- 
culated-air setting should not be used for 
too long at a time. 

For maximum, elect, keep the ventilation 
outlets to the rear-seat area closed. 

If the windows tog over, this is caused by 
temperature differences (condensation) or 
by high atmospheric humidity. The only cure 
is to dry the glass by increasing the flaw of 
air and its temperature. 

Pushbutton for AUC - Auto¬ 
matic Recirculating Air Con¬ 

This system identifies peak loads caused by 
polluted outside air and prevents it from en¬ 
tering the car's interior. 

Press the button as often as necessary to 
obtain the following three functions i 

- LEDs off: normal fresh-air operation 

- left LED on: sensor measures degree of 
outside air pollution. If the level is too 
high, the fresh air flaps are automatically 
closed and the system is operated in the 
recirculated air mode 

- right LED on: recirculated-air operation 

Note: if the windows fog over during recir- 
culated-air or AUC operation, change to 
normal fresh-air operation and switch on air- 
condition ng with pushbutton 9 

Pushbutton for air condition¬ 

The air conditioning is switched 
on in all programs at an outs de temperature 
of approx. +10 C and above. The telltale in¬ 
dicates that the system is operating. 

The air is cooled and dried, 

If atmospheric humidity is very h gh, it is 
best to run the air conditioning without dels , 
(before moisture condensate can reach the 
evaporator) to dry the air and prevent the 
windows from fogging over. Take care not to 
direct cooled air onto the windscreen, as it 
could otherwise mist over on the outside. 

If maximum cooling performance is needed, 
the system switches automatically to recir- 
culated-air operation (with a small propor¬ 
tion of additional fresh air). 

Pushbutton for heated rear 

Function as described on Page 

37 r 

Stratified temperatures for freedom from 
fatigue on long journeys: feet warm, head 

Knurled wheel 1 varies the temperature of 
the air emerging from the facia grilles ana 
front door outlets [except when maximum 
cooling performance has been selected). 

Up: warmer 

Down: cooler 




~ " 

— —— \ _ 

-=- j ■ 

\ m 


i ( \ 





j j j 

Automatic air conditioning * 

1 - Temperature selector wheel !eft side 

2 - On/off switch and airflow volume con¬ 


3 - Temperature selector wheel, right side 

4 - Right side air distribution program 


5 - Pushbutton for AUC* or recirculated- 

air operation 

6 - Pushbuttor for air conditioning 

7 - Pushbutton for maximum windscreen 

and side window defrosting 

8 - Left side air distribution program keys 

When a pushbutton is pressed, the corres¬ 
ponding LED lights up if the system has 
been switched on at airflow volume control 
selector wheel (2). 

1, 3 - Driver’s/passenger's side tem¬ 
perature selector wheel 

Temperature control is switched on and off 
at the selector wheel on the driver's side: 
Left-hand limit position no heating effect, 
maximum cooling effect, temperature con¬ 
trol off. 

As the control is turned to the right away 
from the detent position: temperature con¬ 
trol cuts in. 

Right-hand limit position (detent): maximum 
heating output and temperature control off 
{also emergency position if a fault develops 
in the electronic temperature control sys¬ 

The calibrations are intended as an approx¬ 
imate guide to the temperature inside the 

The selected temperature is reached as 
soon as possible after the car has been 
started, and does not normally need to be 

Alter the setting only by a small amount at a 
time, to prevent excessive temperature 

2 - On/off switch and airflow volume 

Position 0: system switched off, air entry 
shut off. 

Turned clockwise to detent: minimum 
blower rating Turned further to right: airflow 
volume increases. 

Right-hand limit position ;detent): maximum 
airflow voturne (also emergency position if a 
fault develops in the electronic blower con¬ 
trol system). 

4, 8 - Passenger 1 s/driver's side air dis¬ 
tribution program keys 

_ — — Air distribution takes place au- 

auto tornatically in accordance with 
the temperature situation. 

Air outlets: through the defroster outlets to 
the windscreen and front side windows, 
through the dir#tionally controllable, vari¬ 
able-flow grilles on the facia and n the front 
doors, and the variable flow gr I e on the top 
of the facia, the front foot'well outlets and the 
outlets for the rear passenger area and 
through the directionally controllable, vari¬ 
able-flow rear-seat ventilation grilles at the 
rear end of the centre console. 

After a cold start in cold weather and until 
the heater matrix has reached 30° C, air 
emerges from the defroster outlets only. 

This program is suitable for all normal 
conditions with very few exceptions, and 
supplies air of a pleasant and acceptable 
quality to the interior. 


For optimum operation of the automatic air 
distribution system, the facia grilles must 
not all be closed at the same time. 

r~o~ l Air supply to all outlets and 
grilles, without automatic air 
- distribution control. 

This program is recommended for warmer 
weather in particular, when special ventila¬ 
tion or cooling of the lower part of the car's 
interior is required 


Press this button, increase the airflow If nec¬ 
essary and dose up the ventilation outlets if 
the windscreen and side windows mist over 
during a journey and you do not wish to 
press button 7. 

r p Air distribution to front and 

rear footwell outlets only, The 

L - defroster outlets are only slightly 

open and no air reaches the grilles at the 
rear end of the centre console, 

" left LED on: sensor measures degree of 
outside air pollution. If the level is too 
high, the fresh air flaps are automalicaily 
closed and the system operated in the re¬ 
circulated arr mode 

- right LED on: recirculated-air operation 

ZsZ) Pushbutton for recirculated- 

Q air operation 

^ J Recommended when driving 

through badi, contaminated outside air. The 
air inside the car is rec rculated ana no out¬ 
side air permitted to enter. 

Although the afr conditioning is automati¬ 
cally switched on to improve the quality of 
the air by rc-mov ng excess moisture, the re¬ 
circulated air setting should not be used for 
too long at a time. 

Note: if the windows fog over during recir¬ 
culated-av or AUC operation, change to 
normal fra si -air operation and switch on air 
conditioning with pushbutton 6. 

This program is recommended in cooler 
weather, for example when no fresh-air ven¬ 
tilation is required or to warm up the footwell 
area quickly. 

Pushbutton for AUC - Auto¬ 
matic Recirculating Air Con¬ 

This system identifies peak loads caused by 
polluted outside air and prevents it from en¬ 
tering the car's interior. 

Press the button as often as necessary to 
obtain the following three functions in 

- LEDs off: normal fresh-air operation 

" O_o' 


Pushbutton for air condition¬ 

The air conditioning is switched 
or- n ail programs at an outside temperature 
of approx. +1° C and above when this but¬ 
ton is pressed. 

The air is cooled and dried, 

if atmospheric humidity is very high, it is 
best to run the air conditioning without delay 
[before moisture condensate can reach the 
evaporator) to dry the air and prevent the 
windows from fogging over Take care not to 
direct cooled air onto the windscreen, as it 
could otherwise mist over on the outside. 

If maximum cooling performance is needed, 
the system switches automatically to recir- 
culated-air operation (with a small propor¬ 
tion of additional fresh air), and the defroster 
outlets are closed. 

Pushbutton for maximum 
windscreen and side window 

If the windows fog over, this is caused by 
temperature differences (condensation) or 
by high atmospheric humidity. The only cure 
is to dry the glass by increasing the flow of 
air and its temperature. 

When this button is pressed, maximum 
windscreen and side window defrosting is 
selected automatically, with no additional 
control movements needed. 

Maximum defrosting effect is not obtained 
until the engine reaches its normal operating 

When this button is released, the previous 
control settings are automatically restorer: 

Note: when In s button is pressed, rear win¬ 
dow heat mg is also in operation. 


Noises hearc after the car's engine has been 
stopped are caused by the actuating motors 
moving the air flap control system to its rest 


Stratified temperatures for freedom from 
fatigue on tong journeys: feet warm, head 

Driver and front passenger; knurled wheel 
1 varies the temperature of the air emerging 
Tom alt facia grilles (except when maximum 
cooling performance has been selected). 

Up: warmer 

Down: cooler 

Rear- 3 eat passengers: open and alter the 
direction of the grilles at the rear end of the 
centre console as required. These grilles 
supply fresh air only (cooled air if the air con¬ 
ditioning is in operation). 

Rear-seat area ventilation is shut off auto¬ 
matically in the driver's-side programs 

- AUTO - (cold weather only) and 

- air distribution to foot well outlets only. 

Important notes on air conditioning 


1. The moisture condensate which forms at 
the evaporator is discharged underneath 
the car. Depending on humidity, up to 2 
litres of water may be discharged per 

2. The air conditioning must be run briefly at 
least once a month to prevent the com¬ 
pressor shaft seals from drying out and 
allowing refrigerant to escape. This is 
particular y mportant during the winter, 

3 If am, malfunction occurs in the air condi¬ 
tioning system, for instance if it is set for 
maximum cooling (driver's side tempera¬ 
ture selector wheel or rotary knob fully to 
left) but no cooled air is supplied, it must 
be switched U mmediately and the car 
taken to a BMW service station. 


Fresh air is drawn in through a microfilter. 
This filters out up to 100 % of pollen and 
60 % of dust particles. 

The filter is changed during the usual main¬ 
tenance work. Any reduction in the air flow 
rate indicates that the filter should be 
changed before the next inspection. 


interior light 

1 - Lights come on when a door is open 

(door contact switches) and remain on 
for several seconds after the door has 
been c os-ed, even with the ignition off, 
and after an accident 

2 - Lights permanently off 

3 - Lights permanently on 

The reading lights* next to the front interior 
light are operated similarly. 

BMW touring: the load area fight is also op 
erated in this way, and is switched on or off 
via contacts when the tailgate or tailgate 
window is opened or closed. 

Automatic interior fight* 

(in conjunction with heated driver's door 

In addition to the above functions, the light 
comes on for a few seconds (max. three 
times) when the vehicle is locked and the 
driver's door handle is lifted. 

32 37 01 47 

If the car's lights were sw tched or the inte¬ 
rior light comes also on for a few seconds 
when the ignition switch is turned off. 

I he rear seat reading lights* can be oper¬ 
ated by switches next to them when ignition 
key is in positron 1 or beyond, 

Analog clock 

+ key: to move the hands clockwise 
- key: to move the hands counter¬ 

If the key is touched briefly, the minute hand 
is reset by one minute. 

If the key is pressed firmly, adjustment is 
continuous; the longer the key is pressed, 
the faster the hands move. 

34 aa oi 45 ^ 

Cigarette fighter 

Press the knob to operate. 

When the spiral element has heated up, the 
lighter jumps out to its original position and 
can be removed. 


Always take hole of the cigarette lighter by 
its knob, never by its heating element or at 
the sides. 

Cigarette lighter socket 

This can also be used as a power socket for 
a hand lamp, car vacuum cleaner etc. rated 
uptoapp. 12 V, 200 Watt. 

Be careful not to damage the socket by in¬ 
serting a plug of the wrong pattern , 

Front ashtray 

To extinguish a cigarette, first knock off ex¬ 
cess ash, then insert it into the funnel- 
shaped section of the ashtray. Do not press 
it in hard. 


Emptying the front ashtray: 

Pu 11 the ashtray fully out. Press the spring 
under it and lift out the ashtray. 

One-touch rear ashtrays 

Tap the ashtray at the top; it opens automa¬ 

To empty the open ashtray, press down the 
spr ng and remove the ashtray, After emp¬ 
tying, re-insert the ashtray and push in to 

Cigarette lighter for rear passengers*: at 
end of centre console. 


The cigarette lighters can still be used when 
the ignition key has been removed. For this 
reason, never leave children unattended in 
the car. 

Glove box 

Open by pulling the handle; when the igni¬ 
tion key is in position 1 or beyond, the light 
comes on. 

Fold the lid back up to close 


To avoid the risk of injury, close the glove 
box immediately after use, 

Lock with a master key. 

To renew the fight bulb (5 Watt), press out the 
lamp with a screwdriver blade and change 
the bulb. 

Rechargeable hand /amp* 

The plug for rechargeable hand lamp is lo¬ 
cated at the top left inside the glove box, 11 
has a built-in overload cutout and can there¬ 
fore remain plugged in all the time, so that it 
is fully charged whenever needed. 

It must, however, be taken out if the battery 
is discon nected or removed. 

Warning: do not plug the lamp in while it is 
switched on. 

Other storage compartments: 

On the facia, in the front doors, on the centre 
console, in certain models on the back of the 
front seats* and in a compartment* with : id 
to the left of the steering wheel. 


Electric window lifts * 

operate, the ignition key must be in posi¬ 
tion 2. 

Individual switches are provided under the 
rear door windows. 

One-touch function*: by touching the ap^ 
propriate switch momentarily, the driver's 
door window can be opened or closed and 
the other windows opened. A further touch 
halts window movement. 

Convenience circuit 

After the ignition has been switched off 

these can still be operated (for a maximum 
of approx. 15 minutes) when 

- the key is in position 1 or 0, 

- the key has been removed, or 

- the doors have been opened once. 

After closing the doors, hold the key in the 

"lock” position in the door lock (on touring 
models, the tailgate lock can also be used) if 
you wish to close the windows (convenient 
closure system). 


Careless or negligent closing of the win¬ 
dows, particularly with the remote con¬ 
trol, could cause injury. 

If children are carried on the rear seat it is 
particularly important to keep the safety 
switch (arrow) pressed in. 

Always remove the ignition key and take 
it with you when leaving the car. 

An electronic automatic circuit breaker pro¬ 
tects the system against overloading and 

Sliding/Hit roof * 

To operate, the ignition key must be in posi¬ 
tion 2. 

Raising: press the switch. 

Opening: si de the switch to the rear. 
Closing: slide the. switch forwards. 

One-touch function*: to open or close a 
partly-open sun root, just operate the switch 
briefly in the desired direction. A further 
touch halls the movement,. 

Safety switch (arrow) 

To prevent operation of the rear windows 
from the rear switches, e.g. by children. 

To prevent unpleasant draughts or a feeling 
of low air pressure inside ihe car when the 
roof is open and in particular when in the 
raised position, keep the air entry grilles 
open and increase the incoming airflow if 


Convenience circuit 

After the ignition has been switched off it 

can still be operated (for a maximum of ap¬ 
prox, 15 minutes) when 

- the key is in position 1 or 0, 

- the key has been removed : or 

- the doors have been opened once. 

After the doors have been closed, hold the 
key in the door lock in the ‘'lock” position to 
close the sliding/tilt roof iconvenient closure 


Careless or negligent closing of the sli- 
dmg/tilt roof, particularly with the remote 
control, could cause injury 
Always remove the ignition key and take 
it with you when leaving the car. 

An electronic automatic circuit breaker pro¬ 
tects the system against overloading and 

If anelectrical fault should develop, the elec- 
■r e sliding roof can be closed manually (see 
Page 100), 

34 92 01130 

Double-panel sunroof * 

For ventilation the J ront roof car be raised 
and both roofs can be slid open either indi¬ 
vidually or synchronously. 

Operation in ignition key posit on 2. 

One-touch function*: 

Automatic operation of the roofs by pressing 
the switch briefly n the desired direction. A 
further touch halts the movement* 

Push the switch to the rear or touch 

The front roof is raised. 


As it is raised, the sunroof lining moves a 
short distance rearwards. 

With the roof fully raised, push the switch or 
press briefly: the front roof opens to the 

Push the switch forward or touch briefly: 

The front roof is raised. 

With the front roof fully raised, push the 
switch or press briefly: the rear roof opens to 
the front. 

When fully open, the rear roof moves to¬ 
gether with the front roof. When the switch is 
pressed, both roofs can be adjusted as de¬ 

When slid, both roofs are coordinated to 
r each a defined optimum ventilation posi¬ 
tion in both directions. 

Safety functions 

In Ihe interests of safety, every one-touch 
movement can be interrupted. 

If either roof encounters resistance while Pe¬ 
ng closed via the one-touch function or the 
door lock, its movement is interrupted and it 
opens again slightly. 

If the switch is operated for longer than 10 
seconds without the roev moving or after a 
power failure (e.g, if the battery has been 
disconnected), the roof control system must 
be initialised afresh To do this, hold the 
switch pressed until the roof is completely 
closed or, if the roof is already closed, press 
ihe switch briefly. 

To prevent unpleasant draughts or a feeling 
of low air pressure inside the car when the 
roof is open and in particular when in the 
raised position, keep the air entry grilles 
open and increase the incoming airflow if 

Press the switch or touch briefly: 

The double sliding/tilt roof is closed from all 


Convenience circuit 

After the ignition has been switched off it 

can still be operated (for a maximum of ap¬ 
prox. 15 minutes) when 

- the key is in position 1 orO, 

- the key has been removed, or 

- the doors have been opened once. 

After the doors have been closed, hold the 
key in the door lock or tailgate lock in the 
"lock 7 ' position to close the double-panel 
sunroof (convenient closure function). 


Careless or negligent dosing of the dou¬ 
ble-panel sunroof, particularly with the 
remote control, could cause injury. 
Always remove the ignition key and take 
it with you when leaving the car. 

An electronic automatic circuit breaker pro¬ 
tects the system against overloading and 

If an electrical fault should develop, the dou¬ 
ble-panel sunroof can be closed manually 
(See Page 100). 


When loading the ski carrier, ensure that the 
bindings of the skis are supported on the 
rack a! the front to leave sufficient space for 
the raising function, 

We recommend use of the appropriate roof 
rack system for your BMW touring from the 
BMW accessories range. 

Electric seat heating* 

The seat base cushion and the seat back 
can be seated. Heating only takes place in 
ignition switch position 2 

Press the desired symbol on the switch: 

Rapid heating while the symbol is il¬ 
ium mated, Automatic changeover to 
regular heating. 

; Regular heating. Cuts out automati¬ 
cally when the switch is no longer i - 

To switch over while heating: press the non- 
illuminated switch symbol 

To switch off prematurely: press the illumi¬ 
nated sect ion of the switch. 

Rear centre armrest 

Pu i the loop to extend. 

Opening storage compartment* in centre 
armrest lift button at front under the cover. 

Front armrests* 

To release the catch, press the button on the 


BMW 525iX, 530i touring, 54Gi touring; 
0 =1-2 persons, no luggage 
1=5 persons, with or without luggage 
1 = 1 person, luggage compartment full 

Note rear axle load limit. 

if the headlight setting is very low, the head- 
tight beam throw adjustment system is 

Headlight beam throw adjustment* 

The clipped headlights can oe adjusted to 
compensate for the loac the vehicle is car¬ 

Saloon and touring without self-levelling 

0 = 1-2 persons, no luggage 

1 = 5 persons, with or without luggage 

2 - 1 person, luggage compartment full 

Saloon with self-levelling suspension: 

0 = 1-2 persons, no luggage 
0 = 5 persons, with or without luggage 
2 = 1 person, luggage compartment full 

touring with self-levelling suspension and 
BMW 525iX touring: 

0 - 1-2 persons, no luggage 

0-5 persons, with or without luggage 

1 = 1 person, luggage compartment full 

Electric roller sun blind for rear window* 

I ouch the rocker switch briefly to act ivate. 

Mechanical roller sun blind for rear win¬ 

Roller sun blinds for rear side windows* 

Pull out the sun blind by the strap and 
secure at the catch. 


Outside temperature display and 
digital clock * 

In addition to the actual time, the date and 
the outside temperature can be displayed 
and the MEMO key used to select an hourly 
reminder signal. 

In gnitlon key position 0, time and date can 
be read off after pressing the appropriate 
function key. In ignition key position 1 and 
beyond, the time is displayed. Numerical 
values can be Input or modified. 

Time and date inputs 

After the power supply has been interrupted 
(initial input, flashing dot), the time can be in¬ 
put without first pressing the function key 
(HOUR) by way of the two input keys h/DAT 
and min/DAT. To input the date, the DATE 
function key must first be pressed. 

Each time an input key is pressed or held in 
for half a second, the numerical value in¬ 
creases by one. 

The clock function is shown by a symbol, the 
date function by the DATE display. 

To start the clock to the nearest second, 
press the HOUR key. To start the calendar 
program, press the DATE key. The dot will 
then cease to flash 

Before any other input alterations, keep the 
appropriate function Key [HOUR or DATE) 
pressed uni a flashing dot appears be¬ 
tween the- hou'S and minutes c ■ between the 
day and month. 

If another function is selected after making 
an input, the previous input will remain 

The program does not accept unrealistic 
Inputs. The date display disregards leap- 
years and must therefore be corrected 

Notes for 12-hour clock 

The change from AM to PM takes place 
every 12 hours and is shown in front of the 
numerical value. To allow for various na¬ 
tional versions of the digital clock and out¬ 
side temperature display, the time and tern 
perature functions can be reset as follows: 

24 h and 0 C 
12 h and ° F or 
12 hand °C 

on the rear cover of the unit. When changing 
from 24 h to 12 b. the input keys automati¬ 
cally change their functions from day and 
month to month and day (US method of writ¬ 
ing date). 


The MEMO key is used to switch an hourly 
reminder signal on and off. The signal is 
heard 15 s before each full hour, and is use¬ 
ful (for instance when listening to a tape 
cassette) when news broadcasts are due. 
The letters ME are displayed when the re¬ 
minder is activated. 

Outside temperature 

By pressing the TEMP key, an outside tem¬ 
perature display can be obtained. If the out¬ 
side temperature is below +3 C C, an ice 
warning signal is heard if the ignition key is in 
posit lor: 1 and beyond. At the same time the 
temperature unit { Q G/ c F) and the dot in the 
display flash for 10 seconds. 

If another function is selected during this 
penod. and the temperature display 
selected again afterwards, only the visual 
warning signal is active for the remaining 

The temperature warning Is repeated if the 
temperature has risen to +6° G at least once 
before falling again below +3° C. 

Do not rely exclusively on the low-tempera 
ture warning: ice can still form or bridges 
and patches of road in shadow even at 
indicated temperatures above +3* C. 


Once the desired figure has been selected, 
the appropriate switch-on time can be in¬ 

Press the TIMER key until the dot between 
the hours and minutes display begins to 

Input the desired switch-on time with the 
h-DAT and min-DAT keys. 

Press the TIMER key again: the dot will stop 
flashing. The switch-on time is then pro¬ 

Activating the programmed switch-on 
time (ignition key in position 1 or beyond): 
after selecting the switch-on time, press the 
SET-RES key The LED comes on until the 
time for the independent heater/ventilation 
system to start automatically is reached. 

The LED above the ON key then confirms 
that the system is m operation. 

De activating the switch-on time: after 

selecting the switch-on time, press the 
SET-RES key again. The LED will go out. 

Gnee programme•: i . a switch on time can be 
act i v ated and d e - act i va t e d w : l ’ the SET- 
RES key as often as repuired. It remains pro¬ 
grammed until a new time nput is made. 

If the car is equipped with an on-board 
computer, the system is operated with 
the TIMER and S/R keys. 

and input switch-on time. 



n i q 

U. i * i 

tj M 




32 3901 59 

Time switch* for independent 
h ea ter/ventiiatio n system 

This enables the independent heater/venti¬ 
lation system to be switched on and off 
directly, and a switch-on time between 0.00 
and £3.59 to be preselected. 

Direct switch-on: press the ON key for 3 
seconds, until the LED flashes 

Switching off: press the OFF key. 

Switch-on time input: 

The ignition key must be in position 1 or be¬ 
yond, and the HOUR function must have 
been selected, 

Every time the TIMER key is pressed, a fan 
symbol appears on the digital display and 
alternately 1 and 2 to indicate the selected 

independent heater* /ventilation 
system * 

Below an outside temperature of 16° C, the 
independent heater is ready to operate 
when the ignition key is removed (or in posi¬ 
tion 0) and also in ignition key position 1. 

The switch-on time can be preselected so 
that the car is warm before the journey 
starts. This also makes it easier to remove 
ice and snow from the car in cold weather, 

The independent heater and the indepen 
dent ventilation control system both operate 
for a 30-minute period. Since power con¬ 
sumption is hig’ . the independent heater 
should not be run twice in close succession 
unless the batter-, has been recharged n the 
meantime by dr- nc the car for a period at 
reasonable speeds. 

Regular heating system: 

- Open all 3 slide controls for air distribution 
and the front grilles as required 

- Close the fresh-air gr i es on the end of the 
centre console, 

- Set the rotary airflow control io at least 12 

Air conditioning: 

Open all 3 slide controIs for air dist ribution 
and the front grilles as required, and close 
the fresh-air outlets on the end of the centre 


Automatic air conditioning: 

Heated air automatically emerges through 
the defroster outlets and the front and rear 
footwell outlets, Air distribution by means of 
the pushbuttons is possible only with the 
ignition key in position 1. 

Both with the standard car heater and with 
air conditioning [non-automatic or auto¬ 
matic) the interior temperature can be pre¬ 
selected at the rotary controls or selector 
wheels when the ignition key Is In position 1, 
In ignition key position 0, maximum heat 
output is always obtained. 

Note: after switching off (LED goes out}, the 
independent heater continues to run for a 
short time 

Important notes 

If the independent fuel-burning heater does 
not start after not more than two attempts, 
or switches itself off automatically, consult a 
BMW service station. 

Never run the independent heater in an 
enclosed space. 

Always switch off the indepen¬ 
dent heater before adding fuel to the 

Recommendation: operate the indepen¬ 
dent heate r briefly about once a month dur¬ 
ing the warm period of the year (approx. 5 

At temperatures above 16 C C, proceed as 

Time switch: press the TEMP key for 3 sec¬ 
onds: the letter E will appear. 

Gn-board computer: press the TEMP and 
TIMER keys simultaneously for 3 seconds; 
the IN VERS display will appear. 

After this, the independent heater can be 
operated once (switch on and off directly). 

Above an outside temperature of 16^ C, the 
independent ventilation system can be 
run to ventilate the car's interior and lower 
its temperature (same ignition key position 
as for independent heater). The interior is 
ventilated via the blower for the heating, air 
conditioning or automatic air conditioning 

Regular heating system: 

- Open slide controls as required; the most 
effective ventilation is afforded by the 
front fresh-air outlets and t hose at the end 
of the centre console, 

- Set rotary airflow control to at least 12 

Air conditioning: 

Open si de controls as far as required; the 
most effect ve ventilation is afforded by the 
front a 1 id rear fresh-air outlets. 

Automatic air conditioning: 

Air emerges automatically through the cor 
tro(jbd-flow, directional grilles on the fac a 
For efficient operation of the independent 
ventilation system, these grilles must there¬ 
fore be fully open. 


Automatic cruise control * 

Any desired driving speed above app. 40 
km/h (25 mile/h) can be held constant and 


Moving the lever briefly in this direct on: 

The car's road speed js maintained and 
memorised. Each time the lever is moved 
again m this direction, the road speed is in¬ 
creased by app. 1 km/h. 

Holding the lever in this position: 

The car accelerates although the acceler¬ 
ator pedal is not pressed down. As soon as 
the lever is released, the road speed then 
reached is maintained and memorised. 

The controlled speed is abandoned and 
must: be selected again if the car exceeds 
the memorised value by more than 10 km/h 
for longer than 1 minute. 

On the BMW 525td/lds and on cars with 
ASC+T, the controlled speed is abandoned 
and must be selected again if the car ex¬ 
ceeds the memorised value by 16 km/h or 
falls more than 8 km/h below it. 

2-DEC EL. 

Holding the lever in this position; 

The throttle is automatically closed to slow 
th 5 car if it is already moving at a controlled 
speed. When the lever is released, the 
speed the car has then reached is main¬ 
tained and memorised. 

On the BMW 525td/tds and on cars with 
4SOT. the car s slowed automatically by 
closing thethrott o. After releasing the lever, 
me speed then reach# is maintained and 

Moving the lever briefly in this direction: 
Each time the lever is moved, the car slows 
by app. 1 km/h : : is already moving at a 
controlled speed. 

On the BMW 525td/tds and cars with 
ASC+T: the speed is held and memorised. 
Each time the lever is moved briefly in this 
direction, the car's speed is reduced by 
app. 1 km/h. 


Moving the lever briefly in this direction: 

The speed last memorised is recalled and 

4 - OFF 

Moving the lever briefly in this direction: 

The cruise control is switched off, re¬ 
gardless of any other operating condi¬ 
tions of the traffic situation. 

The cruise contro is also switched off if the 
car decelerates at more than 1,5 m/s*, for in¬ 
stance on gradients, whenever the brakes 
are applied or the clutch pedal depressed 
(manual gearbox ca r s; or the automatic 
transmission selector lever moved from D to 

The memorised speed setting is erased 
when the engine is switched off. 


Do not use the automatic cruise control: 

- on twisting roads 

- : heavy traffic does not permit you to 
maintain a constant speed 

- if the road surface is slippery [snow rain, 
ice) or loose (stones, sandj. 


PDC - Park Distance Control * 

When activated, four ultrasonic sensors in 
the rear bumper measure the distance from 
the nearest object and indicate it by means 
of an audible signal, 

The measuring zone for the two corner sen¬ 
sors begins approx. 30 cm (12 in) and ends 
approx. 60 cm (24 in) from the bumper. The 
measuring zone for the two central sensors 
ends after approx 1 50 m (4 ft 11 in). 

The distance is indicated by an intermittent 
tone. As the car approaches the external 
obstruction, the warning signal sounds at 
more frequent intervals, changing to a con¬ 
tinuous tone If the object is less than 30 cm 
(12 in) away. 

The system is activated automatically in 
ignition key position 2 when reverse is 
selected at the manual gearbox or position 
R at the automatic-transmission selector 

The system switches itself off when reverse 
gear is no longer engaged, but is re-acti¬ 
vated if reverse gear is selected again. 

If the car does not approach an obstruction 
identified by :he corner sensors more 
closely, for example if it is driven parallel to a 
wall, the warning signal is interrupted after 
three seconds. 

Any malfunction is indicated oy a short, 
higher pitched continuous tone when the 
system is activated. 

Have he cause of the malfunction traced 
and rectified by a BMW 1 ' service station. 


Despite PDC, it remains the driver s respon¬ 
sibility to detect obstructions and ensure 
that the car keeps clear of them, particularly 
since the physical limits of the ultrasonic 
measuring system can be reached at any 
time, for instance in the case of towing 
hitches and couplings and thin or painted 
objects. Obstructions in the dead area not 
covered by the sensors are not identified, 
nor is a warning signs' emitted. 

Keep the sensors clean and free from ice to 
ensure that hey remain fully operational. 


Acoustic-signal burglar a farm* 

If an unauthorised person attempts to open 
a door or lid, an alarm sounds for 30 sec¬ 
onds and the ignition is put out of action. 
The hazard warring flashers are simulta¬ 
neously switched on* for 5 minutes, with the 
dipped headlights flashing in time* with the 
hazard warning flashers 

If the thief is not deterred and tries, for ex¬ 
ample, to start the engine or interfere with 
the - r adio*, the alarm sounds fora further30 
seconds each time such an attempt Is 

If the car is pushed away, the alarm sounds 
after a short distance. 

The system is activated and deactivated 
only by the remote control. 

The hazard warning flashers come on once 
to confirm that the system is active*. 

When the system is active, the LED on top of 
the facia flashes continuously. 

If the LED flashes when the system is being 
activated, a door or the engine or luggage 
compartment is not properly closed. Ever if 
this situation remains uncorrected, the re¬ 
maining c osed items will be protected and 
the LED flashes continuously after 10 sec¬ 

l he LED goes out when the system is deac 

if the alarm has been triggered off, the LED 
subsequently flashes continuously. When 
the system is deach/ated the LED flashes 
for 10 seconds to ndicate that the car has 
been tampered with 

The luggage compartment or the saloon 
version is still accessible with the system 
activated. The LED flashes for 10 seconds 
as a reminder if the uggage compartment 1 id 
has been closed but not locked (to lock, turn 
key to right and pull out). 

Interior protective circuit and tilt alarm 

If the rear window or a side window is 
smashed (all side windows should be kept 
closed, but a gap of up to 10 mm may be left 
in order to ventilate the interior during hot 
weather), again the alarm will sound. The 
same applies if the vehicle's position or an¬ 
gle is altered (e.g. if an attempt is made to re¬ 
move the wheels or tow the car away, the tilt 
sensor is activated). 

When the system is being activated, the LED 
flashes if a side window is open by more 
than the permitted amount. Even if the win¬ 
dow in question is not subsequently closed, 
the remaining closed windows will be pro 
tected after 10 seconds and the LED flashes 

To prevent an unwanted alarm signal be¬ 
ing set off by the tilt alarm sensor, for ex 

ample when the car s carried on a train or 
parked in a two-level garage, the tilt a arm 
sensor can be overridden 
Immediately after activating the anti-theft 
alarm system, repeat the activating routine 
(in other words operate the remote control a 
second lime). 

The LEO will come on for a short time, then 
flash continuously. The tilt alarm sensor is 
then out of action. 


If door loudspeakers are fitted improperly, 
the functioning of the window protective 
system may be impaired. 


As far as possible, do not interrupt the con¬ 
venient-closing process for windows and 
the sliding/tilt roof by activating the thief¬ 
proofing device. 

If this process is interrupted within the first 
10 seconds and then restarted, the tilt alarm 
sensor wifi inadvertently be inactivated at 
the same time. 

If this is the case, the system will have to be 
deactivated and tf en activated again for the 
tilt alarm sensor to-functions- 

If the system cannot be de-activated by the 
normal routine, follow this emergency pro¬ 

Open the door with the key; the alarm will 
sound for 30 s, 

- Enter the car, close the door and turn the 
ignition key to position 1. The alarm will 
sound again for 30 s. 

- Wait for app. 15 minutes (LED goes out 
after about 5 minutes; then wait a further 
10 minutes). Do not open the door during 
this period, nor turn the ignition key away 
from position 1. 

The system is now inactivated; have it 
checked by a BMW service station. 




!TWERP £RR DlSl vr,'i I G CflDE-^ 


U t u O **> 
(_f. i U" f j 




32 06 01 60 

On-board computer* 

1 - Input keys for numerical data 

2 - Unit of measurement changeover 

3 ■ Digital display 

4 - Photo-transistor for automatic control 

of display brightness 

5 - St art-Stop (SET/ RESET; key 

6 - Light-emitting diodes (LEDs) 

7 - Information keys 

The on-board computer can supply the fol¬ 
lowing information outputs for safe and eco¬ 
nomical driving: 







Time or dale 

2 average fuel consumption 

Range on remaining fuel 
Average speed 
Outside temperatu re 
Stopwatch and 2 switch-on 
times for independent fue : - 
burning heater/ventilaticn 

Estimated time of arrival 
Distance from destination 
Speed limit warning 
immobilisation of ca r 

The computer is ready for use at ignition 
key position 1 and beyond. 

For road-safety reasons, always input in¬ 
formation before commencing a journey, 

or with the car at a standstill. 

Press the appropriate information key to ob¬ 
tain the following displays (no other input is 

- Average speed 

- Average fuel consumptions 1 and 2 

- Range on remaining fuel 

- Outside temperature. 

After pressing one of the information but¬ 

- Average speed 

- Average fuel consumptions 1 and 2 

- Stopwatch (with independent heater/ 
ventilation if installed) 

press the S/R button 5) to restart or stop the 
computer; in the HOUR function, an hourly 
signal is programmed or erased. 

Numerical inputs tor 

- Time/date 

- Speed limit warning 

- Switch-on times 1 and 2 for independent 
fuel-burning heater/vent Nation 

- Distance from destination (used to esti¬ 
mate the time of arrival) 

- Immobilisation of car 

are described on the following pages. 

Afte r selecting the appropriate information 
key, the unit of measurement changeover 
key (2) can be used to display any individual 
item of information (not applicable to CODE) 
in either metric or Imperial units. 


If the power supply to the on-board com¬ 
puter is interrupted, e.g. when changing the 
battery, all stored data are erased. 

Once the power supply is reconnected, the 
required information data [time, date, speed 
limit warning and switch-on time if required) 
must be input again. 

Contact a BMW service station if the fault 
display PPPP should appear. 

Remote control 

If the- turn indicator lever is pusned in 

Information is displayed additionally on the 
instrument panel strip (except BMW 520i P 
525td/tds); items can be called up in 
succession. The on-board computerdisplay 
remains unchanged when other items are 
shown on the instrument panel. 

To erase the display on the instrument pane 
press the Check Control button on the panel 
or the CODE key. 

Note: the display of Check Control warnings 
takes priority over information from the on¬ 
board computer. 

If you wish to have all the information avail¬ 
able for display on the instrument panel, 
proceed as follows: 

- Press the turn indicator lever in for 3 sec¬ 
onds; the PROG 1 display will appear (P 1 
on the on-board computer). 

- Press the S/R key. 

If only a limited amount of information is re¬ 
quired on the instrument panel display, pro¬ 
ceed as follows: 

- Press the turn indicator lever m for 3 sec¬ 
onds, until the PROG 1 display appears 
(on the on-board computer: PI), 

- Press the desired information keys. 


For average fuel consumptions 1 and 2., 
switch-on times 1 and 2 for independent 
heating.■■'ventilation and the date, the follow¬ 
ing should betaken into account: if both fuel 
consumption values are displayed, for in¬ 
stance. the CONSUM key must be pressed 
twice If only average fuel consumption 2 
but not average fuel consumption 1 is re¬ 
quired press the units of measurement key 
after the CONSUM key. Each time the 
changeover key is pressed again, fuel con¬ 
sumption readings 1 and 2 will alternate 
The same procedure applies to switch-on 
times 1 and 2 and the date. 

- Press the S/R key. 


Computer data input and information displays 

ms 100 jo j_ 

1 m porta nt: input sequence for numbers: f") fi 'L^ 

The memory will not accept illogical inputs. 

When a number is input., the number stored 
in the memory is erased; digits can be al¬ 

tered individually in any order 
To input to memory; press the S/R key. 

Tbe appropriate numerical display in¬ 
creases by one each time key is pressed or 
every half a second if the key is held in. 


press keys in the 
sequence illustrated 

Info, display: 
if an unwanted output 
s displayed, press 
approp. information key 

Notes on input and information display 







\ ?M0 I ICQ | [Id | |T 1 

--- ---■■ 

Hour Minute 

(Day) (Month) 




If display is — HOUR (after power failure), input time 
again, dock can be started after nput so the nearest sec 
ond by pressing the S/R key (e g. when a radio time signal 
is heard) Date input as for time After pressing the S/R key- 
die year is displayed.lnputthe co rect year if necessary and 
press tne S/R key again. 

To obtain date display from other n form at ion: press HR/ 
DATE k ey t wi c e To co rrect the tim e o r d ate d i spl ay r alter th a 
numerals and then press the S/R key 

Hourly signal: in HOUR function, press S/R key; a sound- 
va ve sym bol i s di sp 1 ayed, Th ree p i ps a re h eard ju st i ef ore 
each full hour. The time is displayed briefly on the instru¬ 
ment panel strip. 

To switch off reminder signal: in the HOUR function„ press 
S/R again 

To obtain time and date display in ignition key position 0: 
press the HR DATE key. 


consumptions 1 and 2 







Recalculated since start of journey when S/R key is 

Repeated use of the COMSUM key selects average con¬ 
sumption values 1 and 2 alternately; an indication of which 
value has been selected appears on the digital display for a 
short time 





Plus sign {+) in front of display indicates "full tank”. 

Average speed 


c d: 





Recalculated from start of journey when S/R key is 



press keys in the 
sequence illustrated 

info, display; 
if an unwanted output 
is displayed, press 
approp. information key 

Notes on input and information display 




i i 

Automatic temperature display below +3 D C (37.5 CJ F). 
Gong sounds and unit of measurement flashes for 8 sec¬ 
onds. The temperature value is displayed briefly on the in¬ 
strument panel strip. 



□ timer □ s/n 

q— o 

There is no stopwatch function r cars with an independent 
fuel-burning heater/ventilatior system. When the stop¬ 
watch function is running, the LED lights up. 

- Intermediate time 



LED flashes, stopwatch continues to run. Press the TIMER 
key again: the running stopwatch display will reappear 

- Stop 



To stop the stopwatch when another display is shown. 
Otherwise, simply press S/R. Press S/R again to restart the 

Independent heater/ 
ventilation system 
- Direct switch-on 




When the TIMER key is pressed, the current inputs to the 
independent heater/vent si at ion system are displayed 

Direct heater operation In ignition key position 1, 

Switching off also possible in key position 0, In the TIMER 
turret on, press S/R key only, 

Direct switch-off 

OTIMEfO s/ fl 

CD — O 


- Preselecting 
times 1 or 2 



□ TIMER o 


pconi nsn i» i; i i 




□ TIMER □ 


Input is possible only when the c?ock is in operation. With 
the TIMER function selected, press the key once only: fo r 
switch on time 2, press it again (confirmed on display) 
When the l FD comes on, the heater/ventilatior system will 
run for 30 minutes from the selected switch-on time. During 
the actual period of operation, the LED flashes. It goes out 
when the system is switched off. To correct the switch-on 
lime, follow the same procedure as tor initial inputs. 

After selecting the switch-on time inputs 1 or 2, activate or 
de-active the timer by pressing the S/R key. When acti¬ 
vated, the appropriate LED comes on. 



press keys in the 
sequence illustrated 

Info. display: 
if an unwanted output 
is displayed, press 
approp, information key 

Notes on input and information display 

Distance to 



1 ID'JP 1 \ 1M 1 I W ) I ~ J 





If the preset distance is exceeded, the additional distance 
is still counted, but preceded by a minus sign. 

Estimated time 
of arrival 



The probable arrival time on the basis of the distance input 
is continuously recalculated according to driving style at 
any given moment. 

This information Is only available after a distance has previ¬ 
ously been input. 

If the distance has already beer completed, the DIST fur c- 
ton appears instead of the ARR funotion If selected from 
another function, - ARR is displayed. 

Speed limit 


1 _1 

1 100 | I 10 I \ ] 





I the input speed i nit is exceeded, tl e LED flashes and a 
gong sounds. The limit value appears briefly on the i istru- 
ment panel display. Press the information key again to 
switch off the speed limit warning: the LED will go out, but 
the speed value in the memory is retained. To store the 
speed at any given moment in the memory: 'r the LIMIT 
function, press the S/R key, 

Code to 
immobilise car 
- to activate 

Iqnlt on key in position 1 



fiMai n&ri non □□ 




Code numbers from 0000 to 9999 car. be input. 

Important: memorise the code number! 

Ignition key turned to 0: LED comes on for up to 36 hours. 

- to de-activate 

Ignition key at 1 or 2 

Hobo 1 1 iod 1 MG 1 1 i \ 

(Input code) 

S m 

! l— j or start engine 


Warning: if 3 incorrect inputs are made consecutively, 
or 3 attempts are made to start the engine, an alarm 
sounds for 30 seconds. 


Further information on the 
on-board computer 

(Changes in information programs are only 
possible after pressing the relevant informa- 

The time and date are dis¬ 
played alternately by press¬ 
ing the Key, The date display 
disregards leap years and must be cor¬ 
rected manually as appropriate. 

By giving the instruction to 
restart calculation at a care¬ 
fully selected moment, aver¬ 
age consumption for the entire journey and 
for part of :ha journey can for instance be 
calculated a r the same time. 



tion, key.) 



RANGE By pressing this key, the esti¬ 
mated distance which can 
^ J still be covered with the fuel 

remaining in the tank is computed continu¬ 
ously according to driving style and dis¬ 
played when selected. Below a range of 15 
km [9.3 miles), a flashing four-segment dis¬ 
play indicates that more fuel is urgently re¬ 

The on board computer only registers the 
addition of fuel in ignition key positions 1 
and 0 r and when at least 5 litres of fuel are 
added, A plus sign (+) before the display in¬ 
dicates that the car has a greater range than 
indicated, as a result of limits in recording 
fuel level in the tank. 


least once since the Iasi warning signal, then 
dropped below +3° C (37.5° F) again. 

Note that the absence of a low-temperature 
warning does not mean that ice may not 
have formed at a temperature above +3° C 
(37,5° F), for example on bridges or in 

r - 1 

again if the temperature has 

f —— 


increased to +6 & C (43° F) at 



activated, the engine com¬ 
partment lid, radio and any 
attemps to start the engine are monitored. 

If the engine compartment is not properly 
closed or the radio is removed, the LED 
flashes for 10 seconds when the ignition key 
is turned to 0. 

if the ignition key is turned to 1 or 2 with the 
system activated, the gong will sound and a 

□ TIMER □ 


The maximum time which 
can be measured is 99 hours 
59 minutes. The ' me display 

shows seconds and tenths of a second for 
the first minute, then minutes and seconds, 
and hours and minutes after the first hour. 

The stopwatch is halted when the ignition 
key is turned to position 0. and restarts 
when it is turned to position 1 or beyond. 

—— CODE display will appear. This requires 
the code to be nput, If the engine is started 
without a code nput having been made, the 
warning gong sounds continuously. 

Emergency starting procedure if the code 
has been forgotten: 

- Disconnect and (after app. 5 minutes) re¬ 
connect the battery (see Page 91), alarm 

Independent heater/ventilation system: 

If the key is pressed again wher other infor¬ 
mation is being displayed, the following in¬ 
formation can be obtained in succession: 
current situation, switch-on time 2, current 
situation again etc. 


LIMIT □ A new speed limit value can 
be input or displayed. 

The gong wifi sound again if 

the car has slowed down by 5 km/h or more 

at least once since the gong first sounded 
and then been accelerated up to the input 
speed limit again. 

- Turn the ignition key to position 1. 

- A t i me d i splay wi FI app ear a nd r u h d o w n t o 
zero for 15 minutes. 

- After 15 minutes, the engine can be 

If the code Is remembered, it can be input 
during the waiting period of 15 minutes. 

- Press the CODE key 

- Input the desired code 

- Press the S/R key 

- Start the engine. 


Ski bag* 

The ski bag is a safe, clean method of carry¬ 
ing 3 to 4 (max.) pairs of skis 

With the aid of the ski bag and the space re¬ 
presented by the length of the ^uggage 
compartment skis up to 2 TO m long can be 
carried. Note that if severa' pairs of s<is are 
carried in the bag. the available space inside 
is reduced where the bag becomes nar¬ 
rower, so that only 2 pairs with the maximum 
length of 2.10 m can be carried. 

Loading the ski bag 

Fold down the centre armrest ol the rear 
seat and detach the trim at the upper burr 

Press together the two locking levers and lift 
out the centre armrest, 


When installing the centre armrest, ensure 
that :he mounting lugs engage in the guides 
in the aperture, 

To release the loading I lap in the iLggage 
compartment press the round knob, then 
disconnect the retaining loop at hie upper 
hook and lower it. 

Spread the ski bag out between the front 
seats. A zip fastener is fitted for ease of ac¬ 
cess to the stored objects ano to allow any 
moisture in the ski bag to dry out more ef¬ 

3288 01 101 

Secure the loading flap from the luggage 
compartment side aga r s: the underside of 
the rear-window shelf, using the magnetic 

Make sure that the sk s are dean before they 
are inserted into the bag. and that there are 
no sharp edges which could damage ii. 


BMW touring 

Fold down the centre armrest .do not re¬ 
move it). 

Detach the trim at the upoer burr fastener 
and lay it down on the armrest, 

Press button 1 down and fold cover down to 
the front. 

Press button 2 to disengage the flap in the 
load area. 

Centre armrest with storage compart¬ 


When removing and installing, take care that 
the pins on either side do not damage the 
seat upholstery, 

Fold down the centre armrest (do not re¬ 
move: Release the trim at the upper burr 
fastere r and lay if forward over the armrest. 

! f more space is required, the centre armrest 
can be removed: 

Fold out the armrest half-way, remove the 
trim at the top at the burr fastener and lay it 
down to the front. Hold the front of the arm¬ 
rest with one hand, reach behind the armrest 
with [he other hand and tug upwards in a for¬ 
ward direction to remove. 


Introduce the armrest into the holders on 
both sides in the same position as for re¬ 
moval and press down with a jolt to en¬ 

The material from which the ski bag is made 
is waterproof, and melted ice or moisture 
condensate should therefore be wiped off 
after use. 

If it is not used for a lengthy period, make 
sure that it is folded in a dry condition. 


Radio operation * 

The strength of the signal received by your 
car radio aerial, and thus its output quality, 
depend on the position of the receiver and 
the height and directional location of the 

In this respect, certain concessions have to 
be made lor a mobile radio such as that in a 
car The position of the radio is constantly 
changing, and it is impossible to keep the 
aerial aligned with the direction of signal 
transmission. (The rear window heating ele¬ 
ments also act as a radio aerial: on the BMW 
touring, the aerial wires are in the left-hand 
rear si3e window.) Other d istu rban ce factors 
are high-tension overhead v res. poor or 
missing interference suppression on other 
vehicles, buildings and natural obstacles. 
Even if your car radio is perfectly tuned and 
your car is equipped with interference 
suppression, unavoidable noises and loss of 
high-quality sound can be quite severe. 

Climatic effects such as fog. ram and snow 
can interfere with good radio reception.. 

As the strength of sunlight increases, long, 
medium and short wave reception is ad¬ 
versely affected. These wavebands can be 
heard best after dark, when the ionosphere 
reflects more of the transmitted signals back 
to earth. 

The medium (MW), long (LW) and short (SW) 
wavebands provide a more extensive or, in 
some cases, exceptionally wide reception 
range since the signals are dispersed not 
only as ground waves, but also as space 
waves, which are reflected back to earth by 
the ionosphere. 

There are physical reasons why the quality 
of medium wave reception is not as good 
as on FM. Long-distance reception. How¬ 
ever is quite acceptable, particularly at 
night, so that a large number of stations can 
be picked up. However, station density is 
such that mutual interference often occurs. 

Sound reproduction on the medium wave¬ 
band seems rather dull in qualify by com¬ 
parison with FM. 

On the long waveband, transmitters still 
farther aw r ay than on medium wave can be 
picked up. 

Short wave offers the longest theoretical re¬ 
ception distance. Maximum station density 
and, subject to basic physical limitations, 
best sound quality, are obtained in the 
49-metre band.. 

The very high frequency (VHF) broadcast 
ing system uses the frequency modulation 
(FM) principle which offers far better sound 
quality than the other wavebands. However, 
reception is limited to about 100 km (60-55 
miles) from the transmitter, since the radio 
waves are emitted in a straight line. As tne 
distance between tine transmitter and re¬ 
ceiver increases, background noise be¬ 
comes more of a probiem, and finally the 
station can no longer be heard or is dis¬ 
placed by a more powerful one which the 
car is approaching. This situation can only 
be avoided by retuning to a stronger signal. 

Stereo transmissions, if available in your 
area, can normally be received on FM only. 
As you move away from the transmitter, in¬ 
terference becomes noticeable. In this case, 
retune to a station providing a more reliable 
stereo signal. 

When radios equipped with the Radio Data 
System (RDS) have this function activated, 
they automatically select the transmitter 
offering the best quality signal when tuned 
to a station which is transmitted on more 
than one frequency. 


Hissing, sizzling and splashing noises oc¬ 
cur when reflected signals are picked up by 
the aerial a fraction of a second after the 
main signals, from large buildings nearby for 
examp 9 The sound level also fluctuates re¬ 
peatedly as a result. 

fhe Aerial Diversity System (multi-aerial 
system) has a processor which evaluates 
the signals being received and utilizes only 
the most powerful one. This helps to reduce 
the level of interference significantly. 

□-network telephones not recommended 
by BMW can also cause interference if the 
limit of their capacity is reached when cross¬ 
ing the boundaries between cells. This in¬ 
terference takes the form of a low-pitched 
hum in the loudspeaker system. 

Car telephone* 


Mobile communication systems (car tele¬ 
phones, two-way radio etc.) can cause in¬ 
terference if they are not approved for use in 
your car. Since BMW cannot examine and 
test each product, it is unable to accept any 
responsibility for the installation of items it 
has not approved. Before purchasing any 
such equipment you are recommended to 
consult your BMW service station. 

Furthermore, in order to safeguard your 
BMW s operating reliability, do not operate 
any in-car telephones or other mobile rad o 
equipment with an aerial inside the car or 
not f tted to the car's exterior. 

Continuous background noise normally 

indicates that the edge of the transmission 
zone has been reached, or that the car has 
been dri ven into a 'shadow', where no direct 
signals can be received. The only remedy is 
to tune to a nearer or more powerful trans¬ 

Severe fade is a phenomenon more often 
encountered on medium wave and usua !y 
accompanied by distortion. It is caused by 
the superimposition of ground and space 
waves at the reception point. 

Fluttering noise is caused by signal fade, 
when the line of sight between the transmit¬ 
ter and receiver is blocked by large buildings 
or topographical features. A similar effect is 
sometimes heard when driving along tree- 
lined roads. 


23 80 01 271 


Starting the engine 

- App ly the han d brake, 

~ Move the gear lever to neutral {the auto¬ 
matic transmission selector lever to P or 

- In particular at low outside temperatures, 
switch off all electric power consumers 
and fully depress the clutch pedal. 

However if the engine does not start at 
the first attempt, e.g. in very cold or hot 
conditions, press the accelerator pedal 
half-down when trying again. 

Additional notes 

Run the starter long enough for the engine to 
start, but no longer than 20 seconds without 
a break. Release the ignition key as soon as 
the engine starts. 

Starter motor repeat lock: 

Before repeating an attempt to start the en¬ 
gine, turn the ignition key back from 1 to 0, 
this is to prevent re-engagement of the 
starter pinion while the engine is still turn¬ 

Avoid repeated starting attempts at short 
ntervals, or else the spark plugs will be¬ 
come wet, 

In severe frost: 

Observe a £0- to 30-second pause between 
attempts to start the engine in order to pro¬ 
tect the battery. 

BMW 525td/tds 
Cold engine 

Hold the ignition key in position 2 until the 
yellow "preheating” telltale lamp goes out, 

Operate the starter until the engine starts. 
This may take up to 40 seconds at extremely 
low temperatures. 

The accelerator pedal position has no effect 
on starting the engine. 

Warm engine 

If the orange "preheating" telltale lamp does 
not come on, the engine can be started 

Bleeding the diesel fuel system 

Even if the tank has been run dry, it is not 
normally necessary to bleed the f uei sys¬ 

If starting difficulties are encountered, run 
the sparer moto" continuously for about 20 

The engine is automatic ally controlled to run 
at an idle speed appro nr ate io the operating 
conditions in each case. 

Do not wait for the engine to reach its normal 
operating temperature with the car standing 
still, but drive off straight away at a moder¬ 
ate engine speed. 

Energy-conscious driving: 

Fuel consumption is influenced above all 
by driving style. 

- Do not warm the engine up to operating 
temperature at idle speed and never allow 
the engine to idle for long periods. 

- Do not run the engine up to maximum 
speed in 1st gear; use it for pulling away 

- Shift up to a higher gear in good time and 
make full use of the higher and more eco 
comical 3rc. 4th or 511- gears, 

- Avoid driving for long periods at full throt¬ 

- Do not carry any unnecessary weight 

- Comply with the recommended tyre 


Energy-conscious dr vtng reduces exhaust 
and noise levels. 


The car should never be eft unattended with 
the engine running; this constitutes a very 
serious potential haze 1 1 

Switching off the engine 

Turn the ignition key to position 1 or 0. 


Catalyst models 

The catalytic converter fitted in the exhaust 
system reduces the exhaust emissions in 
the exhaust gas. 


High temperatures build up at the cata¬ 
lytic converter (as on all cars with this 
form of exhaust emission control). Make 
sure that no easily combustible material 
(for example hay, loaves, grass etc.) 
comes into contact with the hot exhaust 
system when the car is driving, idling or 
parked. If this material were to ignite and 
cause a fire* very severe injuries or dam¬ 
age could result. 

Do not remove the heat shields from the 
exhaust system, or apply underseal to 

Spark-ignition engines 

These cars must only be run on unleaded 


Even rr inute amounts of lead in the fuel will 
cause irreparable damage to the lambda 
probe and catalytic converter. 

|Tie follow ng points must be observed if the 
engine is ‘o remain fully functional and free 
from damage: 

- Always have the prescribed maintenance 
work carried out. 

- Never run the fuel tank completely 

- If the engine misfires, switch it off im¬ 

- Only tow-start when the engine is cold, as 
otherwise unburned fuel will reach the 
catalytic converter. It is preferable to use 
jump leads to start the car. 

- Avoid other situations in which unburned 
or incompletely burned fuel could reach 
the catalytic converter, e.g.: 

Frequent, prolonged operation of the 
starter motor within a short period, or re¬ 
peated unsuccessful starting attempts, 
(Stopping and restarting the engine when 
functioning properly will present no prob¬ 

Allowing the engine to run with the spark 
plug caps disconnected. 

If unburned fuel reaches- the catalytic con¬ 
verter as a result of misfiring: or fuel-air mix¬ 
ture preparation malfunctions, overheating 
and damage may result. 

Diesel enc nes 

If the car has a catalytic converter, any petrol 
(gasoline) added to the ciese 1 oi ! in inter to 
prevent paraffin separation must be un¬ 
leaded [see page 106). 

Engine refinement is influenced by the ex¬ 
haust emissions purification technology, 
fuel consumption and the quality of the fuel 

The modified operating conditions are 
largely taken into account by the electronic 
measuring and control functions and the 
high-quality design and workmanship of in¬ 
dividual components, e.g in individual 
features such as the elect'onic ignition and 
fuel injection system. 

The car's altered engine and road behaviour, 
for instance when accelerating from a low 
speed, when the combustion process 
sumes after the cruise control has been r, 
operation and when the engine is running at 
a lev-. idle speed, reflect the com promise be- 
tweer the need for low fuel consumption, 
improved environmental acceptability and 
lux up. driving; these differences constitute 
no cause for concern. 

The Digital Motor Electronics system fitted 
for optimum engine operation causes a cer¬ 
tain period of uneven running when this sys¬ 
tem has been disconnected from the power 
supply and reconnected again. 

The engine will regain its customary refined 
running once it has passed through all adap¬ 
tation phases at operating temperature. 


Running in 

During the running-in period, a degree of 
stiffness may be noticed at the gear lever, in 
the steering and other assemblies. This will 
disappear after a short while and should be 
regarded as part of the normal running-in 

Please observe the following notes in order 
to achieve a long operating life and max¬ 
imum efficiency for your vehicle. 

Engine and final drive 

For the first 2000 km {app. 1300 miles): 

Drive at varying road and engine speeds, but 
without exceeding the following upper 

Cars with spark-ignition engine: 4500/min 
Cars with diesel engine: 3500/min 

BMW 513i, 525td r 525tds: 150 km/h 

[ 93mile/h) 

BMW 520i, 525L 525iX: 160 km/h 


8MW53Gi r 540i: 170 km/h 

(1 G6mile/h) 

Do not depress the accelerator pedal to the 
fuI 1 -throttleor kickdown position. 

After 2000 km {app. 1300 miles) have been 
covered, higher engine and road speed can 
be adopted gradually. 

If a new or exchange engine or final drive is 
fitted to the car at a iater date, the running-in 
procedure must be repeated. 


The production methods used in the tyre in¬ 
dustry result in brand-new tyres having less 
than their designed road-surface adhesion. 
For this reason, you are urged to drive with 
restraint for the first 300 km (app. 200 


As a means of achieving uniform wear pat¬ 
terns and a good friction coefficient on new 
brake I mgs. try to brake only at moderate 
rates of retardation during the first 500 km 
(app. 300 miles), and also prolonged severe 
loads, such as when descending lengthy 
mountain passes. 

Brake linings and discs need the distance 
and treatment stated above to bed down 
properly and avoid premature wear. 

The handbrake operates separately from 
the foot brake system, with its own drums, 
and therefore also has to be run an. 

If the braking effect declines noticeably with 
time, the driver can repeat the bedding- 
down process provided due care is exer¬ 

If road surface, weather and traffic condi¬ 
tions permit (care must be taken not to ob¬ 
struct other read-users), the desired effect 
can be achieved by applying the handbrake 
lightly at about 40 km/h (25 miles/h) until 
definite resistance *s felt. Then pull up the 
lever to the next notch and drive the car 
about another 400 metres before releasing 
the handbrake completely. 


Fuel consumption 

The standard test method used to deter¬ 
mine fuel consumption (DIN 70030, Part 1) 
obtains values which are by no means iden¬ 
tical with the car's average fuel consump¬ 
tion in everyday driving. After all, this de¬ 
pends on a variety of factors such as driving 
style, load, road conditions, traffic density 
and flow, weather, tyre pressures etc. 

For fuel consumption according to DIN 
standard see page 123. 

Additional practical tips 

Do not allow the engine to warm up to oper¬ 
ating temperature at idle speed. 

At exceptionally low temperatures however, 
allow the engine to run for about half a 
minute at a fast idle to ensure that oil 
reaches all parts of the engine. 

Never run a cold engine at high speed, as 
this will cause rapid wear and shorten its op¬ 
erating life. 

When driving under load, accelerating or 
climbing hills, try to prevent engine speed 
falling below 1500/min, Shift to a lower gear 
in good time, particular y or uphill gra¬ 

When declutching, press the clutch pedal 
dowr fully Dur ng normal dr ving, do not rest 
the foot on the clutch pedal; 


Do not rest your foot on the brake pedal 
while driving the car. Even slight continuous 
pressure on the brake pedal car cause 
overheating, pad wear and possibly failure 
of the complete brake system. 

Recom mendations 

After a lengthy period in heavy city traffic or 
in a slow-moving queue of vehicles, lei the 
engineers at he deeply' 1 by driving for a few 
kilometres at engine speeds above 
3000/min. This will disperse any soot depo¬ 
sits in the combustion chambers. 


When the car is driven on a wet or slushy 
surface, wedges of water can build up be¬ 
tween the tyres and the road. This is known 
as aquaplaning, and can even lead to the 
tyre losing contact with the surface, so that 
the car cannot be steered or braked prop¬ 
erly Always reduce speed as a precaution 
on wet surfaces. 

Always keep the luggage compartment lid 
closed when driving along to prevent dan¬ 
gerous exhaust fumes entering the car if 
you have to dr ve with the luggage compart¬ 
ment i i open, when transporting a bulky 
load for examp 0 . you are advised to close 
all it he w ndows and the sliding/vent roof (if 
fitted: and to run the heating/ventilation 
blo wer at a medium to high setting. 


Do not leave any heavy or hard objects or 
the rea "-window shelf, or else they could in¬ 
jure the car s occupants when the brakes 
are applied suddenly. 

If you hang clothing from the hooks pro¬ 
vided, make sure that the driver's view is not 

Do no hang very heavy articles from these 
hooks, in case they cause injury to the car's 
occupants w hen th e bra kes are ap p 1 1 ed. 


Engine compartment fid 

To unlock; pull the lever on the left under the 
instrument panel. 


Stop the engine and allow it to cool down 
before carrying out any work inside the en¬ 
gine compartment. 

The battery must be disconnected before 
performing any work on the car’s electrical 
system and any other repair and mainte¬ 
nance work, particularly inside the engine 

Careless handling of parts and materials 
when working on the car may involve per¬ 
sonal risk. Please observe the relevant notes 
and instructions. If you are unfamiliar with 
the regulations or instructions which must 
be complied with, have any such work per¬ 
formed by your BMW service station. 

A built-in spring mechanism slides the lid 
forwards automatically to make it easy to 

Engine compartment light* 

Comes on when the lid is opened and the 
vehicle lights are on 

To close the lid r push the front evenly on 
both sides until it is neard to engage. 

Raise slightly to ensure that the catches are 
holding the lid securely. 


If you notice that the engine compartment 
lid is not shut and held firmly m the closed 
position while you are dm ng the car. stop as 
soon as possible and close it correctly 


Vehicle identification number 

In the engine compartment, next to the right 
windscreen wiper pivot (arrow), or possibly 
on the top left of the facia. 

Maker’s plate 

In the engine compartment, ahead of the 
rrght wheel arch. 

The information on the maker's plate and 
the vehic e beatification number must con 
respond with the data, stated in the car's 

These data are used as a basis for all 
queries, checks and warranty and parts re¬ 

Principal items in the engine compartment - BMW 518 i 

1 - intensive cleaning fluid reservoir 
. - Windscreen, headlight and fog light 
washer fluid tank 

3 - Battery 

4 - Engine oil filler 

5 - Fuse box 

G - Brake fluid reservoir 

7 - Oil res e rvo < r for po w e r ste e ■ i n g 

8 - Coolant equal sing tank 

9 - Engine oil dipstick 


Principal items in the engine compartment - BMW520i, 525i/iX 

1 - Intensive cleaning fluid reservoir 5 Brake fluid reservoir 

2 - Windscreen, headlight and fog light 6 - Engine oil dipstick 

washer fluid tank 7 - Oil reservoir for power steering and 

3 - Engine oil filler self-levelling suspension hydraulics 

4 - Fuse box 8 - Coolant equalising tank 


Principal items in the engine compartment - BMW 530i , 540i 

1 - Engine oil dipstick 6 - Fuse box 

2 - Engine oil filler 7 - Oil reservoir for power steering and 

3 - intenstve cleaning fluid reserveir self-1evelIing suspensio n h y d ra u 1 1 c s 

4 - Windscreen, headlight and fog light 8 - Brake fluid reservoir- 

washer fluid tank 

5 - Coolant equalising tank 


Principal items in the engine compartment - BMW525td/tds 

1 - Engine oil filler 

2 - Coolant equalising tank 

3 - Brake fluid reservoir 

4 - Fuse box 

5 — Engine oil dipstick 

6 - Q I reservoir for power steering and 

self-leveiling suspension hydraulics 

7 - Intensive cleaning fluid reservoir 

8 - Windscreen, headlight and fog light 

washer fluid tank 

Checking engine oil ievei 

Like fuel consumption, engine oil consump- 
1 ion depends on the way in which the car is 
driven and on operating conditions. 

For this reason, the oil level should be 
checked regularly, e. g. every 1000 km {800 
miles), or sooner if the engine has been 
driven hard When checking, the car should 
be- standing on a level surface. 

For maximum accuracy: 

Check the oil level before starting the en¬ 
gine, 'while it is cold. If the engine is warm, al¬ 
low time for the oil to drain back into the 
sump (for instance, as long as it takes you to 
fill the fuel tank). 

Insert the dipstick fully. 

The oil level must be between the two marks 
on the dipstick. 

Adding engine oil 

If necessary, add engine oil at the fi ler on the 
cylinder head cover. Do not fill above the 
maximum mark on the dipstick. 

The quantity of oil represented by the 
space between the two marks on the dip¬ 
stick is app. 1 litre {1.8 pints). Adding too 
much oil serves no useful purpose and 
harms the engine. Since excess oil s burned 
off rapidly, the engine would appear to be 
consuming excessive oil. 

Do not add oil until the level has reached the 
lower mark on the dipstick. However, never 
allow the oil level to fal i below this mark. 

BMW engines are designed to operate with¬ 
out oil additives, provided that a highly-de¬ 
veloped brand-name lubricating oil is used. 
Indeed, additives may actually lead to en¬ 
gine damage. The same applies to the man¬ 
ual gearbox, automatic transmission, final 
drive and power steering. 

Engine oil specifications 

The grades of eng ne oil to be used are ex 
clusively governed by the CCMC or API 

Here are the required quality stages: 








CCMC-G5 1 ) 




CCMC-G5/PD2 1 ) 


Diesel - 

CCMC-G5/PD2 2 ) 


') If engine oiis to CCMC-G5 or CCMC- 
G5/PD2 specification are to be used in 
spark-ignition engines, BMW Service 
should be consulted regarding its suitability 
for use all the year round. 

The oil must comply with both specifica¬ 
tions (GS and PD2). 

When disposing of old engine oil, comply 
with local environmental protection regula¬ 

A recommendation: always have oil 
changes earned out by a BMW service sta¬ 


' Engines oils approved by 

| ... Diesel engines 

BMW to CCTvIC-GS or CCMC-G5/PD2 specifics- 

... Spark-ignition engines 

The correct SAE viscosity grade to be used 
depends on outside temperatures, and 
therefore on the time of year 

This chart i ndicates the correct SAE grade of 
engine oil for various prevailing air tem¬ 

Note that the temperature limits quoted may 
be departed from, but only for brief periods. 


Continuous contact with used engine oi has 
caused cancer in laboratory tests. Wash 
skin thoroughly with soap and water after 
handling. Always keep oils, greases etc. out 
of reach of children] P-ease note precautions 
on containers, 


Steering hydraulics: checking oil 

With the engine at a standstill, unscrew the 
reservoir cover and fit again. 

The oil level must be between the two marks 
on the dipstick. 

Top up Oil if necessary. BMW service sta¬ 
tions know the approved grades. 

Allow the engine to run for a while. Top up 

the oil r necessary until the level is between 
the two marks. 

Switch off the engine. The oil level may rise 
app. 5 mm (0.2 in} above the upper mark. 

Screw the reservoir cap on tight. 

Power steering and self-levelling 
suspension *: checking oil level 

With the engine at a standstill, unscrew the 
knurled nut and lake off the reservoir cover. 

The oil level must rise slightly above the 
base of the strainer (app. 5 mm or 0.2 in) with 
the car unladen. 

Add fresh oil if necessary, Always use Pen- 
tosin CHF 11S or, if not available, LHM. ffthe 
vehicle is carrying a load, add 0.25 I Pento- 
sin CHF 11 S but stop adding af the oil level 
reaches the base of the stra; lair. Check the 
oil feve! again with the car unladen. 

Fit the reservoir cap and tighten the knurled 
nut. Ensure that the cap is properly fitted. 

Brake fluid reservoir 

The oil level must be up to the top (MAX) 
mark. The level can be checked without re¬ 
moving the cap. 

BMW service stations know the approved 
grades of brake fluid (DOT 4). 

Warning: brake fluid is hygroscopic. That is 
to say, t gradually absorbs moisture from 
the atmosphere. To ensure that the brakes 
on your ca r remain fully operational, have 
the brake fluid changed every two years 
by a BMW service station. 

See also the note on Pages 91 and 105. 

Brake fluid \s toxic (poisonous) and also at¬ 
tacks the car's paintwork. 

It must therefore always be kept tightly 
sealed in the original pack, and stored out of 
children s reach, 

Comply with environmental protection laws 
when disposing of brake fluid or packs 
which have contained it. 


Do not spill brake fluid. Add it only up to 
the MAX mark on the reservoir. Jf brake 
fluid comes into contact with hot parts of 
the engine, it can ignite and cause seri¬ 
ous bums* 


Reservoir for hydraulic clutch fluid 

BMW 530i/540i only. 

Add brake fluid as far as t ie upper mark. 

Checking coolant level 

The level must be up to the COl D or MAX 
mark (arrow) on the transparent equalising 
tank when the engine scold. 

Illustrated: BMW 520 525VIX. Other 
els: see “Principal Items In the engiri' 

Take off the cap only when the engine is 
cold (with the needle- on the coolant gauge 
in the bottom one-third of the scale), other¬ 
wise there is a risk of scalding. 

r-ounter-cSockwise slightly to 



Overfilling causes coolant to escape via the 
overflow pipe. 

Warning: never add water to the radiator 
while the engine is still hot. 

The cooling system is designed for filling 
with a long-life antifreeze and corrosion in¬ 
hibitor, No other additives should be used. 

To avoid possible subsequent damage, use 
only a factory-approved nitrite- and amino- 
free long-life antifreeze and corrosion inhi¬ 
bitor. BMW service stations are familiar with 
the approved grades. 


Antifreeze is toxic (poisonous). Always keep 
it in the original pack or container, and out of 
reach of children. 

Coolant concentration: see winter oper¬ 
ation, Page 106. 

Renew the coolant every two years, 

Long-tife antifreeze and corrosion inhibi¬ 
tor contains flammable ethylene glycol, 
and must therefore not be spilled on hot 
parts of the engine . or else it could catch 
fire and cause severe bums. 


Windscreen, headlight fog fight * 
and intensive cleaning system * 

Illustrated: BMW 520i, 525i/rX. Other mod¬ 
els: see "Principal items in the engine com¬ 


Windscree n wa s h er sy st e m: 
app. 2.5 I (4.5 pints) - BMW518i, 

52Gi, 530i, 54Gi 

app. 3.2 I (5.8 pints) - BMW 525i/iX, 


in conjunction with headlight and fog light 
cleaning system: 

app. 8.5 I (15.0 pints) - BMW 5181, 

520i, 525\/\K 

app. 8.0 1(14.1 pints) - BMW525td/tds 
app. 7.5 I (13.2 pints) - BMW 530i, 540i. 

Top up with water and, when necessary and 
in particular at low outside temperatures, 
antifreeze in accordance with the manufac¬ 
turer's instructions. 

intensive cleaning system: capacity app. 1 
litre (1.8 pints). 

Top up with intensive cleaning fluid (frost 
protection down to -27° C; available from 
BMW service stations) 

Windscreen washer jets 

The jets of fin d should strike the windscreen 
at a suitable point to ensure effective clean¬ 
ing even at high r oad speeds. 

If necessary, adjust by insert ng a needle 
and moving the jets. 

Headlight, fog light and rear-window 
cleaning system jets 

Your BMW service station will reposition 
these jets on request. 

BMW touring 

Reservoir for rear-window cleaning sys¬ 

Capacity: app. 2.5 I (4.5 pints) 

Top up v. tli water and, when necessary and 
in particular at low outside temperatures, 
antifreeze in accordance with the manufac¬ 
turer s instructions. 


Only add cleaning agents and antifreeze 
when mixed with water and not in their con¬ 
centrated form, to prevent damage to the 
rear lights. 



The battery needs no Tiainlenance and 
complies with DIN 43539 standard. Part 2. 
The electrolyte added initially should nor¬ 
mally last for the life of the battery, which is 
located beneath the rear seat 

BMW 5181: the battery is located in the en¬ 
gine compartment. 

II the acid level falls too low, for instance 
after a long stay n a hot climate, top up with 
distilled water (not acid). 

The acid level should be level with the marks 
visible in the cell opening 1 app. 5 mm (0,2 in) 
above the tops of the plates. 

Keep the upper part of the battery dry and 

Starting with a flat battery; see page 93. 

Please read the following notes 
before performing any work on 
the battery: 

Always wear eye protection. 
Particles containing acid or lead 
must never be allowed to come 
into contact with the eyes, skin or clothing. 

A Battery add is caustic. Always 

/ : A wear protective gloves and 

goggles. Do not tilt the battery, 
otherwise acid could leak out through the 
gas vents. 

Keep the acid and battery out of 
the reach of children. 

Never bring a naked flame near 
the battery' or cause sparks in its 
vicinity. Do not smoke when 
handl ng the battery. Avoid creating sparks 
when handling leads and electrics equip¬ 
ment, Avoid short-circuits. Never short-cir¬ 
cuit the battery terminals, as the resulting 
arc could cause severe injury. 

A highly explosive detonating 
gas is generated when the bat¬ 
tery is charged. 

If acid comes into contact with 
the eyes, rinse immediately with 
clean water for several minutes 

and consult a physician without delay. 
Neutralise acid spillage on the skin or 
clothes immediately with soap and rinse off 
with plenty of water. If acid has been swal¬ 
lowed, consult a physician immediately. 

A in order to protect the housing 
against ultraviolet radiation, do 
not expose batteries to direct 
daylight. As batter es which have run flat 
could freeze, store in a place where there is 
no risk of frost damage, 

Never detach the battery leads when the en¬ 
gine rs running, or else an overvoltage will 
occur and damage the car l s electronic 
equipment beyond repai r . 

Disconnect the negat ve terminal first, then 
the positive terminal. Release the battery 
screw connection. 

When installing again connect the posit ve 
terminal first, followeo by fie negative ter¬ 

Only recharge the battery when the engine is 
at a standstill if still fitted to the car On cars 
with the battery located beneath the rear 
seat, the easiest way to recharge the battery 
is via the terminal in the engine compart¬ 
ment (positive terminal) and earth (see point 
4 of the section * Starting with a flat bat¬ 

Before attempting any work on the car's 
electrical system, always disconnect the 
negative lead from the battery to avoid the 
risk of short-circuits. 

To do this, an earth (ground) connection on 
the right of the seat base can be discon¬ 
nected; access to the battery itself is then 
not necessary: 

- Pull off cover 

- Rele ase sere w a nd rem ove h older 

- Remove nut and lake off earth lead. 

If a second batten/ * s installed in the lug¬ 
gage compartment, this battery' must also 
be disconnected. 

If the car is not used for more than four 
weeks, the battery's negative terminal 
should be disconnected from the on-board 
powers L pp v 

If the cans not used for more than six weeks, 
remove the battery, recharge it and store it in 
a cool place where there is no risk of frost 
damage, Recharge the battery after 3 
months at 'he latest, as it will otherwise be 
rendered useless. Every time the battery 
runs flat,, particularly if left in this state for 
any ength of time, its operating life is re¬ 

Hand in spent batteries at a col- 
lection point for used batteries or 
at your BMW service station. 
Batteries filled with add should be trans¬ 
ported and stored upright. Protect batteries 
against falling over when in transit. 


When indicating the next change of brake 
fluid, the service indicator does not take into 
account periods during which the battery 
has been disconnected. 

Any such times must be taken into account 
to ensure that the brake fluid is changed ac¬ 
cording to schedule every two years, i.e. it 
will be necessary to change the brake fluid 
before the clock symbol lights up. 

34 92 01 140 

Access to the battery beneath the rear 


Lift up rear seat. 

BMW touring 

- Lever off stoppers on both belt catch 
trims (arrow) with a screwdriver, 

- Introduce a drift or thin screwdriver app. 
35 mm into the aperture and press; the 
cover is now released. 

- Pull the covers forward and up to re¬ 
in ove. 

- Lift up seat to the front and remove, 

- When installing, press on the belt catch 
trims until they engage and insert the 


Second batter * in luggage compartment 

The care and maintenance instructions on 
the previous page also apply to this battery. 


- If this battery has to be recharged, con¬ 
nect the charger directly to its terminals 

- Never use this battery as .a starting aid if 
another battery is fiat. 

The battery can be reached by removing the 
cover trim. 

BMW touring; 

The second battery is located behind the 
flap in the left-hand side trim of the load 


If an :em of electrical equipment should fail, 
s'a itch it off and check :he fuse. 

The fuse box (power distribution box), with 
spare fuses, relays and plastic tweezers is 
located m the engine compartment on the 

Take off the fuse box cover by pressing the 
hoop 1c one side. 

Pul' the blown fuse out of its socket with the 
piastsc tweezers. If the metal w re inside the 
fuse has melted, the fuse must be renewed, 
using a fuse of the same rating. 

Never attempt to repair blown fuses. 

To close the fuse box, push the cover down 
and press the hoop on at t he side. 

If a fuse blows repeatedly, have the fault re¬ 
paired by a BMW service station. 

Further fuses are located under the rear seat 
on the left. On models with Check Control 
and a trailer tow hitch, the trailer lights are 
also protected by fuses in the trailer module 
in the luggage compartment, behind the 
left-hand side trim The fuse for the perma¬ 
nent positive line is located on the right be¬ 
neath the rear seat n a separate fuse box 
next to the battery, 

BMW 525iX: the four- wheel-drive system s 
protected by two fuses in separate local ons 
in front of the fuse box. When the braking 
and engine performance are being testec on 
a dynamometer, the 5 A fuse must be re¬ 
moved so that tne system is inactivated 
without a fault being registered in the 

A iist of fuses together with their fating and 
equipment supplied is on the fuse box 


Starting with a flat battery 

Do not use any cold-start sprays to help 
start the engine. 

If the battery s run down, the engine can still 
be started by connecting jump leads *from 
a second vehicle. 

1 Check that the second car has a 12 V 
electrical system and a battery of ap¬ 
proximately the same capacity in Amp/h 
(this w II be marked on the battery). 

2. Leave the flat battery connected to the 
car's electrical system. 

3. Do not allow the bodywork of the two 
cars to touch, or a short-circuit may be 

4. Connect the positive terminals of the two 
batteries with jump leads. If the BMW's 
battery is not in the engine compartment, 
a special connection is provided for this 
purpose (cap marked'V; pull flap and 
remove - see illustration: BMW 5301 and 
54Qi; pull both side flaps), 

Then connect the batteries' negative 
terminals. To do this, first connect one of 
the jumper leaos to the negative terminal 
of the second battery or to part of the en¬ 
gine or body of the second vehicle, then 
connect it to the earth (ground) of the en¬ 
gine or body of the car that needs to be 
started (nuts on the spring sh ut dome). 


Observe the correct order when 
jump-starting other vehicles, to avoid 
generating sparks at the battery. 

5, If the battery of the sec one car is also 
weak run its engine to boost the charge. 
Start your own car's engine in the usual 
way and keep it running. After the engine 
has started and before disconnecting 
the jump leads, switch on the lights, rear 
window heater and maximum heater 
blower speed to avoid an overvoltage 
between the governor and consumer 
equipment, Disconnect the jump leads In 
the opposite order to that described 
above. Depending on the cause of the 
fault, have the battery recharged. 


The car is equipped with a high-perform¬ 
ance ignition system and any contact 'with 
live components while the engine is running 
could cause a fatal electric shock. 

Please keep to the procedure described 
here, otherwise personal i njury or damage to 
both vehicles could occur. 


First aid box * 

rhis item is stored in a holder under the front 
passenger’s seat. 

To take it out, raise the locking catch behind 
the recessed handle and pull the first aid box 

When returning the box to its holder, p ress it 
down slightly to ensure that the locking 
catch engages. 

C om piy w 11 h I eg a req u i remen ts w ith regard 
to carrying a first aid kit, 

Towing eyes 

Front towing eye on right: remove the cover 
after pressing n :he locking catch (arrow). 
Rear towing eye: press the cover par el out, 
using a screwdriver nserted at the arrows. 

Use nylon tow ropes or straps which are re- 
siiien: enough to protect both vehicles 
against sudden jerking. Alternatively, a tow- 
bar may be used. 

When using a tow bar both cars' towing 
eves should be on the same side. 

If the towbar runs at an angle, note the fol¬ 

-The amount of free movement between 
the cars is limited on bends 

- The angle of the towbar gives rise to la: 
eral forces (particularly dangerous on 
slippery road surfaces; 

Do not attempt to steer the car being 
towed along the same line as the towing 

- 7 here is a danger o~ the towed cai jack¬ 
knifing when the towing vehicle is 

Important: the vehicle being towed should 
not be heavier than the towing vehicle. 



Switch on the hazard warning flashers if re¬ 
quired by law (note national regulations). 
Switch on the ignition, engage 3rd gear and 
keep the clutch depressed. When the car 
has reached a fair speed, engage the clutch; 
de-clutch again when the engine starts. 
Switch off the hazard warning ffashers. 

The cause of poor starting should be inves¬ 
tigated and put right by a BMW service sta¬ 

Cars with automatic transm ission 

Cars with automatic transmission must not 
be tow-stanec 

To start the car if tne battery is flat, use jump 
leads as described two pages back. 

Towing away 

if the vehicle has to be towed away, turn the 
•gnition ke , to position 1 so that the brake 
lights, turn indicators, horn and wipers are 

Switch on the hazard warning flashers if re¬ 
quired by law (comply with national regula¬ 

If the electrical system is out of action, the 
towed car must be identified as such (for in¬ 
stance by placing a notice or the warning 
triangle in the rear window). 

Cars with automatic transmission 

Selector lever at N. 

BMW 518k 525td 

Max. towing speed 50 km/h (31 mile/h) 

Max. towing distance 50 km (31 mules) 

BMW 520i, 525i/iX, 530i, 540i, 525fds 
Max. towing speed 70 km/h (43 mile/h) 

Max. towing distance 150 km (93 miles) 


When towing with one axle off the 
ground, the following points must be ob¬ 
served to protect the transfer box: 

- Gear lever or automatic transmission 
selector lever should be in neutral 

- The engine must not be switched on 

- Maximum towing speed: 50 km/h 
Maximum towing distance: 150 km/h. 

If the car is towed for any greater distance, 
the rear prop shaft must be dismantled if the 
front wheels are raised or the front prop- 
shaft dismantled if the rear wheels are 


When the engine is not running, the power 
assistance ^orthe brakes and steering does 
not operate Increased effort s then required 
to operate these systems. 


The toolkit is located on the underside of the 
luggage compartment lid (BMW touring: un¬ 
dertailgate lid). Access is by unscrewing the 
wing nut(s). 

Warning triangle * 

This item is stored ready to hand n the tool¬ 

Comply with legal requirements with re¬ 
gard to carrying a warning triangle. 

Fire extinguisher * 

Holder on the driver's seat. 

To ensure full operational reliability, have the 
fire extinguisher examined by the manufac¬ 
turer s authorised service station every 2 

If these service stations are not listed on the 
ext nguisheroF any documentation available 
to you, please consult a local trade directory 
or the "yellow pages" of the telephone ser¬ 
vice to obtam the address 


Wheel changing 

Apply ihe handbrake and select 1st or re¬ 
verse gear. On automatic transmission cars, 
select R 

If a :yre punctures, protect the car by switch¬ 
ing on the hazard warning flashers and posi- 
tioning a warning triangle orflashing lamp at 
an appropriate distance behind the car. 
Note legal requirements in this respect 

Spare wheel 

Located under the luggage compartment 
floor mat. Unscrew the wing nut by hand. 

BMW touring: 

Under the rear flap in load area floor. 

Car jack and wheel stud wrench 

Located on the right of the luggage com¬ 
partment, Lift up the luggage compartment 
floor mat, take off the trim (by opening the 
quick release fastener. To prevent noise 
after nutting the ,ack back in the luggage 
compartment, retract it fully and secure it in 
its original position with the wing nut. 

BMW touring: 

Under the front flap in load area floor. 

Wheel chock 

The wheel cl^ock is located in the luggage 
compartment next to the jack and held firmly 
to prevent noise. Depending on the slope, 
place the chock in front ot or behind the op¬ 
posite rear wheel to prevent the car from roll¬ 
ing away when it is lifted by the jack. 

Pressed-steej wheels: remove the fuII-wicth 
wheel cover by hand 

Light-alloy wheels: press off the wheel stud 
cover with a screwdriver. L ght-alloy wheels 
with wheel studs in the ~orm of a large 
hexagon: turn this anticlockwise with hexa¬ 
gon socket wrench and with the a d of the 
wheel stud wrench to release. The large 
hexagon wrench is kept under the spare 
wheel cover in the luggage compartment, or 
under the front flap in the load area on the 
BMW touring. 

Loosen the wheel studs. 

Attach the jack to one of the four pick-up 
points so that the foot of the jack is squarely 
on the ground. Turn the jack handle until the 
wheel is clear of the ground. 


Use the car's jack only for wheel changing. 
Never try to use it to raise a different car or 


any other k ndof oad, or else accidents and 
personal injury may occur. 

Warning: never lie underneath a jacked- 
up cat or else you risk a fatal accident 

Unscrew and remove the wheel studs and 
take off the wheel. 

Offer up the new wheel, inserting the cen¬ 
tring pin * from the toolkit together with the 
plastic fitting into one of the tapped holes if 
necessary, and tighten the wheel studs in a 
cross-wise manner (remove centring pin) 
and tighten evenly. 

Lower the car with the jack. Tighten the 
wheel studs firmly in a crosswise pattern 
(first one stud, then another on the opposite 
side of the wheel). For safety reasons, have 
the tightening torque (110 Nm) checked with 
a calibrated torque wrench at the earliest 

0801 84 

When a wheel is installed for ihe first time 
(e,g the spare wheel), check the tightening 
torque after Ihe first 1 000 km (6Q0 miles). 

When fitting other than Genuine BMW light- 
alloy wheels, f may be necessary 1 to use the 
corresponding wheel studs in place of the 
standard BMW studs. 

To attach the full-width wheel cover, the 
tyre valve must be at the bottom. F rst place 
the cover against the rim at the val e side, 
then hold it in this position with the foot ar d 
press it up with both hands. 

Light-alloy disc wheel: press on wheel stud 

Wheel stud cover shaped as large hexago¬ 
nal-type nut: apply the cover centre-on. 
While pressing on, turn to the left or right un¬ 
til the wheel stud cover engages in position. 
On cross-spoke wheels *, align the marker 
arrow on the wheel stud cover with 

the mark on the wheel and press on the 

Have the flat tyre repaired and the wheel ba¬ 
lanced as soon as possible. 

Tyre repairs should always be entrusted to 
a BMW service station or specialist tyre 
dealer capable of examining the tyre to de¬ 
termine the full extent of potentially con¬ 
cealed damage. 

Important: when removing or renewing 
tubeless tyres, the rubber Valve must always 
be renewed as well as a safety precaution. 

Size 255/40 ZR 17 tyres * on the rear 

In the event of a puncture or tyre failure the 
spare wheel, which has a size 235/45 ZR 17 
tyre, may have to be fitted at the rear. This 
wheel and tyre can be used for all vehicle 
loads and road speeds, but a tyre of the spe¬ 
cified 255/40 ZR 17 size should neverthe¬ 
less be fitted again as soon as possible. 


Lockable wheel studs * 

Take off the end cap. using the edge of the 
key if necessary. 

Insert the key in the lock, turn af>p. 90° in 
either direction and lift off the lock 

0 = Locked 
I - Unlocked 

Fit the lock by following the same pro¬ 
cedure, but in the reverse sequence. Hold 
the lock tight when pulling out the key. 


The lockable wheel stud should always be 
fitted opposite the tyre valve. 

Recommendation: to ensure that the lock- 
able wheel studs can always be removed 
when necessary (in the workshop, for ex¬ 
ample), keep a key in the car's toolkit. 

Thiefproof wheat studs * 

1 Cap (not on wheels with wheel stud 

2 Wheel stud for adapter 

3 Adapter (supplied in toolkit;; 

To remove: 

- Turn the cap (1) slightly to the left with the 
wheel stud wrench and remove it. 

- Take adapter (3) from the car's toolkit or 
out of the compartment under the front 
flap in the load area on the BMW touring 
and insert it into the wheel stud, 

- Unscrew the wheel stud (2). 

After inserting and tightening the wheel stud 
again, remove the adapter and press on the 

The code number is stamped on the face of 
the adapter. Please note this number and 
keep this Information in a safe place in case 
the adapter is lost. 

Brake system 

If the warning light for the brake hydraulics 
comes on (LOW BRAKE FLUID Check 
Control display): 

- loss of brake fluid is indicated by in¬ 
creased brake pedal travel. 

Failure of one brake circuit 

Pedal travel will increase and greater pedal 
effort will be needed. 

The car can still be braked satisfactorily with 
only one circuit in operation. 

As for all brake system faults, the car should 
be taken to a BMW service station for imme¬ 
diate repair. 

BRAKE LININGS warning in Check Con¬ 

brake pads worn. renew withoutdelay. 

Important: use only brake linings approved 
by BMW, or else the car's operating permit 
will be rendered invalid. 


Power steering 

If the steering becomes stiff, check the oil 
level (see Page 87), 

If the steering is stiff only when the wheel is 
turned quickly, the V-belt is slack or faulty. 
Have it retensioned or renewed. 

If these measures prove ineffective, consult 
a BMW service station. 

Gars with Servotronic *: 

If steering becomes increasingly light in 
action at h gh read speeds, there is a mal¬ 
function in the electronic control system. 


If the power assistance fails, a greater force 
than usual must be applied at the steering 
wheel to steer the car. 

Self-levelling suspension * 

If the SUSPN LEVELLING display appears 
in the Check Control: 

If the car iis considerably overloaded (rear 
end of car has dropped noticeably), reduce 
the load on the car to comply with the per¬ 
mitted rear axle load limit. When normal op¬ 
erating conditions have been restored, the 
display will disappear. 

If there is a defect in the self-levelling sys¬ 
tem, consult a BMW service station. Do not 
exceed a road speed of 170 km/h (106 
mile/h), since the increased rear-wheel 
camber angle imposes more severe loads 
on the tyres. 

BMW 525td/tds 

Warning light for electronic fuel injection 

If this light comes on while the car is being 

Electronic fuel injection system malfunc¬ 

Unless the engine fails to run at all, the car 
can still be driven with the aid of a stored 
emergency program, though engine power 
output may be lower. However, you should 
have the fault repaired by a BMW service 
station as soon as possible. 

Windscreen wipers 

Renewing a wiper blade: 

Lift up the wiper arm. 

To change the blade on the driver's side, first 
pull the outer retaining spring and then the 
inner or ) e ( a r ow ,} until the wiper blade can I y e 

There is only one retaining spring on the 
front passenger sside 
Pull the wiper blade towards the wiper arm 
to remove. 


Rear-window wiper 

Changing wiper blade: 

Push retaining spring (arrow} to the side and 
unclip wiper blade from the holder. 

SUding/vent roof 

Manual operation in the event of electrical 


- take off the cover 

- insert the Allen key from the car's toolkit in 
the hexagon socket on the shaft farrow 1) 
and turn it to move the sunroof panel in 
the desired direction. 


The sunroof panel will move more easily if 

the plug (arrow 2) is pulled oft first. 

Have the fault repaired without delay by a 

BMW service station. 

Double-panel sunroof 

Manual operation in the event of electrical 

Closing the front roof: remove the cover in 
front of the roof aperture, insert the Allen key 
located on the cover in the socket of the 
front drive motor (see arrow 1 in illustration 
on left) and turn in a counterclockwise direc¬ 
tion only. 

Closing the rear roof: pull out the stopper 
behind the roc.:! aperture, if necessary with 
the aid of a screwdriver. Turn the Allen key in 
a counterclockw se direction only. 


"his roof may only be closed manually, not 
opened; always close in the following or¬ 

- f rst the front roof, then 

- the rear roof. 

For both roofs, note that before inserting the 
Allen key in the socket, it is essential to press 
off the bushing on the hexagonal socket 
with the flat end of the key. Push the bushing 
back in after manual operation ot the roof. 

Have the fault rectified immediately by a 
B M W se rv i c e slat ion. 

Changing bulbs 

When perform ng any work on the car's 
electrical system, always switch off the item 
concerned or d sconnect the battery nega¬ 
tive lead lo avoid the risk of short-circuits. 

Do not hold new bulbs with bare fingers. Use 
a clean cloth, paper towel or similar, and 
only hold the base of the bulb. 

A box of spare bulbs for emergency use is 
available from BMW service stations. 

Low beam headlights (1) 

55 Watt HI haiogen bulb 

Remove the headlight cover, turn the plastic 
cap to the left and pull it off the rear of the 
headlight unit. 

Release the wire spring clip, pull the plug off 
the bulb and renew the bulb. 

High beam headlights (2) 

55 Watt HI halogen bulb 

Same bulb-changing procedure as low 
beam headlights. 

To prevent water entering through loose 
outer covers., make sure that a| three pins of 
the bayonet catch engage when attaching 
the covers 

Parking and side fights (3) 

5 Watt bulb. 

Press the bulb holder in slightly and turn it to 
the left to remove. Pull out the bulb. 

Front fog lights 

55 Watt Hi halogen bulb 

Take off the cover next to the headlight - see 
‘Towing eyes’), remove the Phillips-head 
screw (arrow) and swing the light assembly 
out Turn the cover to the left and remove it 
from the back of the light Release the wire 
spring clip and renew the bulb after detach¬ 
ing the plug from it. 


Rear tight cluster 

Rear lights; 10 Watt bulb 
Other lights: 21 Watt bulb 

Lights in rear bulkhead: 

Lift up the luggage compartment hoar mat 
and take off the rear-panel tr m after opening 
the quick-release fasteners 

Gently press in the holder of the affected 
bulb and turn it to the left to remove. Re¬ 
move the bulb from the holder in the same 

BMW touring: 

Open the flap in the left-hand side compart¬ 
ment of the load area and take off the trim. 
Change the bulb as described above. 

Lights in luggage compartment lid: 

Lift up the trim sufficiently, gently press in 
the holder of the affected bulb and turn it to 
the left to remove. Remove the bulb from the 
holder m the same way. 

BMW touring: 

The bulbs are located behind the toolbox 
tr m on the back of ilie tailgate trim. Change 
the bulb as described above 

1 - Rear light and reflector (red) 

2 - Brakelight (red) 

3 - Turn indicator (yellow) 

4 - Reversing light (white) 

5 - Rear fog light (red) 


Central brake tight * 

21 Watt bulb 

Open the luggage compartment, turn the 
bulb holder to the left while pressing it in 
slightly, and J ake it out. Remove the bulb 
from the holder in the same way. 

Front turn indicators 

21 Watt bulb 

Squeeze the bulb holder tabs gently to¬ 
gether a no pull out the bulb holder. Press the 
bulb in gently and turn to the left to remove 
from the holder. 

Side turn indicator repeaters * 

5 Watt bulb 

Remove the Phil lips-head screw and push 
the housing forwards out of the side panel. 
Turn the bulb gently to the left to remove. 

34 88 01 92 

Licence plate tight 

5 Watt bulb 

Remove ihe Phillips-head screws and take 
off the lens frame with rubber seal. 

Pull the bulb out of the contact blades. 

BMW touring; 

Unclip the bulb at both sides with the aid of a 
screwdriver, press the retaining spring to 
one side and change the bulb. 


Interior lights 

Front: 10 Watt bulbs 

Press out lens with a screwdriver at the left- 
hand recess. Pull the bulb out of the contact 

in conjunction with reading lights; 

Interior light; 15 Watt bulb 
Reading lights: 10 Watt bulbs 

Press out the bulb with a screwdriver at the 
left-hand recess. 

Interior light; press back the plastic tab on 
the r efleeter, fold open the reflector and re¬ 
move the bulb. 

Reading light; press the bulb in slightly and 
turn to the left to remove, 

Rear: 10 Watt bulbs. 

Press out the bulb w 'h a screwdriver at the 
side recess. Fold open the reflector and 
change the bulb. 

Reading light: press the bulb in sJigjjtly and 
! um to the left to remove. 

Luggage compartment lights 

10 Watt bulbs 

Light on underside of rear shelf: 

Press out the bulb with a screwdriver at the 
side recess and change the bulb. 

Lights sn luggage compartment lid: pull off 
the glass and change the bulb, 

BMW touring 
Load area light 

10 Watt bulbs 

Lift of lens (with the asd of a screwdriver if 
necessary'} and change the bulb. 

Engine compartment tight 

10 Watt bulb 

Press the clip away from the glass with a 
screwdriver, take off the glass and renew the 


Laying up out of use 

If the car is to be laid up out of use for more 
than three months* we recommend that the 
following maintenance work be carried out 
by a BMW service station to prevent de¬ 
terioration during the storage period. 

1, Clean and apply protective or preserva¬ 
tive treatment to the engine, engine 
corn part men' underbody, axles and 
other mechanical assemblies in accord¬ 
ance witt’ BMW factory instructions. 
Wash the bod. clean the interior and 
clean or protect the paintwork and chro¬ 
mium-plated pads as necessary. Clean 
rubber seals or doors and lids, and rub 
them with talc or glycerin. 

2, Change the engine oil and renew the filter 
element wh le the engine is at normal op¬ 
erating temperature. As an additional an¬ 
ti-corrosion measure, a corrosion inhibi¬ 
tor can be added to the engine oil in 
accordance with the supplier's instruc¬ 

3, Check coolant level and concentration, 
and correct if necessary, 

4 Check acid level in the battery cells and 
top up wit h distilled water if necessary, 

5. Drain the windscreen washer fluid tank 
and lines. 

6. The fuel tank should be filled to prevent 
moisture condensate from forming. 

7. Increase tyre pressures to 4 bar (a pp. 57 
lb/tn 2 ). 

Drive the car immediately before if is to be 
taken out of use and apply the foot brake 
and the handbrake until sufficient heat is 
generated to dry out the brake pads and lin¬ 
ings and ensure that the brake discs and 
drums cannot corrode. 

Store the car in a dry, well-ventilated place. 
Select reverse gear (P on cars with auto¬ 
matic transmission). Do not apply the 
handbrake; if necessary, chock a wheel to 
prevent the car rolling away. 

Remove the battery, recharge it and store in 
a cool place where it will be protected 
against frost. The battery must be recharged 
at least every 3 months, or t will become un¬ 
suitable for further use. Even, time the bat¬ 
tery runs flat, particularly if left in this state 
for any length of time, its operating life is 

Note that if the car's registration was al¬ 
io wee to lapse or the car was off!c* a! : taken 
out of use, :be proper legal procedure and 
the time limits for re-registration must be 
carefully observed, or else the car s operat¬ 
ing permit may be invalidated. Comply with 
your national regulations, 

Restoring car to use 

First recharge the battery or renew it if nec^ 

An authorised BMW service station should 
then perform Inspection L 


When indicating the next change of brake 
fluid, the service indicator does not take into 
account periods during which the battery 
has been disconnected. 

Any such times must be taken into account 
to ensure that the brake fluid is changed ac- 
cording to schedule {every two years), Le. it 
will be necessary to change the brake fluid 
before the clock symbol lights up. 


Winter operation 

The winter months often bring with them 
severe changes of weather, and you must 
not only adopt a correspondingly cautious 
attitude to driving but also take certain pre¬ 
cautions to ensure that your car comes 
through the winter months reliably and with¬ 
out breakdowns. 

On winter roads, tyre grip is often very poor, 
and the driver must remember that braking 
distances are much greater than usual in 
many situations. 

Before the cold season o f the year com¬ 
mences, you are recommended to take your 
car to a BMW service station for the neces¬ 
sary winter preparations to be ;amed out. 

Comply with the appropriate engine-oil 
requirements, and do not wait until the next 
scheduled oil change to fill the engine with 
winter-grade oil if the weather turns cold 

Apart from checking oil levels, no special 
.■ interoperating precautions a r e reeded on 
hie manual gearbox/automatlc transmis¬ 
sion. final drive, power steering, hydraulic 
brake system or self-levelling suspension. 

The coolant already contains a long-life an¬ 
tifreeze and corrosion inhibitor. To ensure 
full corrosion protection, its concentration 
must be kept at 40 % all the year round, This 
provides antifreeze protection down to ap¬ 
prox. 1-27* C {-16.6° F), 

Use only factory-approved long-fife nitrite- 
and a mi no-free antifreeze and corrosion-in¬ 
hibiting additives. BMW service stations 
know the approved grades. 

Renew the coolant every 2 years* Check 
antifreeze concentration before and during 
the cold season of the year. At the same 
time, inspect the cooling system for leaks 
and renew any coolant hoses which have 
become porous or brittle. 

Engine temperature is regulated by the 
coolant thermostat according to engine load 
and outside temperature. For this reason, no 
radiator blind or grille blanking-off material 
should be used. 

The engine will not start reliably unless the 
battery is hjT, charged. Remember that a 
cold battery is less efficient, yet the de¬ 
mands made on t are more severe than in 
warm weather. 

Use only factory-approved care products* 
on the locks. These products also help pre¬ 
vent the locks from freezing; but if a lock 
should freeze desp te :hese precautions or 
due to adefecti. e door-lock heating system, 
the key can be heated before Inserting to 
thaw out the lock. 

Do not use de-icer as it has a degreasing ef¬ 
fect and will impair the functioning of the 

To prevent rubber seals on doors and lids 
from freezing, treat them with a rubber-care 
product* or silicone spray*. 

The car's paintwork, as well as chro- 
mium-plated or polished metai parts, 

should be protected before and during the 
winter months by applying suitable body¬ 
work care products’. 

Have your car's brakes checked regularly 
before and after each winter driving 
period by a BMW service station. This 
work can usually be combined with what¬ 
ever maintenance routine happens to fail 

Diesel oil 

To ensure reliable operation of the diesel en¬ 
gine during the cold season, make sure that 
you refuel with "winter grade" diesel oil, as 
sold oy reputable garages and filling sta¬ 
tions during this period The standard fuel- 
filter heater prevents the fuel from setting 
when :he car is being driven* 

The use of flow improvers is not permittee 
as these can lead to problems in the fuel 

The fuel’s pour point can be lowered by add¬ 
ing paraffin: 

Paraffin: Winter-grade Sommer-grade 
diesel oil: diesel oil: 

Pour point: 

10 % 

app.-20° C 

app.- 9° C 

(app, - 4° F) 

(app. +16° F) 

30 % 

app,-26° C 

app.-15° C 

(app. -15° F) 

(app. + 5° F) 

50 % 


app. -25° C 

(app.-24° F) 

(app,-13 g F) 

In an emergency, up to 30 % regular-grade 
(2-star) fuel (petrol, gasoline) can be added 
to the diesel oil to prevent paraffin from be¬ 
ing precipitated out. (Use only unleaded fuel 
for this purpose on cars with catalytic con¬ 
verter.) However, this measure will have an 
adverse effect on fuel consumption and 
driving characteristics. 

r Available from BMW service stations 


In cold weather, we recommend carrying 
the following items in case of emergency: 

A quantity of sand to aid starting on ice- 
covered slopes. 

A shovel to dig the car out of snowdrifts. 

A plank to act as a support for the car s 

A brush and ice scraper to clear the win¬ 
dows and body panels if covered with snow 
or ice. 

BMW snow chains * for all severe winter 
driving conditions These may be fitted on 
summer and winter tyres, always only in 
pairs on the driven (rear) wheels. Always ob¬ 
serve the tyre manufacturer's safety re- 

BMW 525iX: 

In an absolute emergency only, for instance 
; t the car's wheels on one side are stuck or 
one tyre cannot be reached, chains may be 
fitted to one rear wheel temporarily, 

With snow chains fitted, a speed of 50 km/h 
(3f mile/h) should not be exceeded. 

Always comply with the local regulations of 
Hie country In which you are driving. 

Any BMW service station will be pleased to 
provide further details, 

Winter driving hints 

When planning a fairly long journey in winter, 
allow plenty of time in case severe weather 
conditions and bad roads are encountered. 
Local newspapers, radio and TV, the tele¬ 
phone service and the automobile clubs 
provide information on local road condi¬ 
tions, and also whether certain mountain 
passes are open to traffic. 

Before starting the journey, remove ice 
and snow from the windows, outside mirrors 
and lights. After a heavy fall of snow, clear 
the roof and the engine and luggage com¬ 
partment lids as well* Clear snow away from 
the entry grilles for the heating /ventilation 
system in front of the windscreen so that 
the airflow is not impeded, 

Before gelling into the ca r , try to remove 
slush, snow and ice from your shoes to 
avoid the risk of slipping off the pedals. 

Driving n ski boots is definitely not recom¬ 
mended, as it is difficult to operate the ped¬ 
als with a sufficient degree of sensitivity. 

After starting a cold engine, particularly at 
temperatures below -15° C (+5 3 F), the gear 
lever may be stiff and the car's suspension 
may not respond smoothly for the first few' 
minutes of the journey, and other items of 
equipment may be noisier than usual, f n s is 
unavoidable while the oil is still cold and 

When driving on a sfsppery surface, oper¬ 
ate the accelerator pedal slowly and 
smoothly, and avoid high engine speeds by 
selecting a higher gear quite early. Keep a 
particularly generous safety margin be¬ 
tween your oar and the vehicle in front. 
Select the next-lower gear in good time be¬ 
fore reaching an uphill or downhill gradient. 

To improve starting on icy or snow- 
covered roads and if Killy countr / when the 
car is only llghtlyfadem 30-50 kg (66-110 lb: 
of ballast car- be carried in the luggage 
compartment. Make sure that the ballast is 
firmly secured and cannot slip. 

If the car skids, ease back the accelerator 
and depress the dutch, or move the selector 
levc-’ to position N on cars with automatic 
transmission. Try to steer into the skid and 
get the car back under control in this way. 

When braking, ABS prevents the wheels 
from locking and the car can be steered and 
manoeuvred. Should the ABS fail and the 
wheels lock, reduce pressure on the brake 
pedal on1 1 the wheels are just rotating but 
are still braked Then increase pedal pres¬ 
sure again until the wheels lock, release it 
again etc. Repeat this "cadence braking" 
sequence as often as possible: it shortens 
total braking distance and the car remains 
steerable, so that you have a chance of driv¬ 
ing round an obstruction with which you 
might otherwise collide. 



BMW 525i with ASC+T and cars without 

On a slippery surface, do not shift to a lower 
gear as a means of braking the car, or the 
rear wheels may lock and cause the car to 
skid or the driver to lose control. This is also 
the case for the BMW 530i and 540i with 
ASC+T if the system is faulty or switched off, 
A.BS cannot counteract this form of wheel 

Note: when braking heavily on a slippery 
surface or one providing markedly varying 
amounts of grip, always declutch 

if the car is immobilised in deep snow, sand 
or soft ground, pack some firmer material 
under the rear wheels to provide extra grip 
before the car digs itself in too far. If nothing 
else is available, use the car's floor mats. 
Obtain help if possible to push the car back 
on to a firm surface. With a degree of skill, 
the car can be "rocked 13 out of the holes: use 
a light throttle opening and select a forward 
gear and reverse in quick succession, and 
accelerate only when the car is moving in the 
desired direction. Avoid wheel spin, how¬ 
ever* or the car will sink in deeper still. The 
handbrake can be applied lightly to prevent 
one rear wheel from spinning, 


If the car becomes immobilised in snow or 
sand : make sure that the exhaust pipes and 
the surrounding area are clear of snow or 
sand when the engine is running. There is 
otherwise a risk of odourless but highly toxic 
carbon monoxide entering the car and ren¬ 
dering the occupants unconscious or even 
having fatal consequences,. Open a window 
slightly on the side of the car away from the 
wind to ensure an adequate supply of fresh 

Snow chains are permitted only in pairs on 
the driven (rear) wheels ('BMW 525IX: see 
preceding page). If available, fit them in 
good time. They increase driving safety on 
snow and ice, enable the car to climb hills 
without slipping and reduce braking dis¬ 

However, the driver must become accus¬ 
tomed to the car's changed handling 
characteristics. Remove the snow chains as 
soon as possible, as they wear out very ra¬ 
pidly on clear roads. 

During a break in the journey or when filling 
the tank, remove built-up snow and ice 
from inside the wheel arches, to ensure 
that steering and suspension movements 
are not impeded. 

When parking your can prevent it from roi¬ 
ling away by selectEng ' st gea r or reverse as 
appropriate, or P on the automatic trans¬ 
mission, Apply the handbrake if parked on a 
slope. To prevent the handbrake linings from 
freezing to the drums in cold weather and to 
avoid corrosion, apply the handbrake to 
bring the car to a standstill from slow speed, 
so that the linings and drums are dried by 
the heat thus generated. 


Useful information on disc brakes 

A disc brake system offers optimum braking 
efficiency, smooth response and high load 
capacity. The high temperatures which oc¬ 
cur during brake applications, far instance 
when driving hard in hilly areas, necessitate 
maximum cooling; this is provided by ram 
air and by the speed of rotation of the brake 
disc. Severe loads on the brakes affect the 
temperature of the brake fluid and the pads; 
overheating may reduce braking efficiency 
or cause "fading", increased pedal travel 
and possibly the need for greater effort to be 
applied at the pedal. However, the boiling 
point of modern brake fluids is so high that 
only except anally severe use of the brakes 
amounting to carelessness on the driver's 
part should cause such situations to arise. 

Wet conditions, dirt, salt spread on the 
roads ir winter and brake disc corrosion can 
impair braking performance by increasing 
braking distances, altering the car's normal 
brake force distribution or causing vari¬ 
ations in the coefficient of friction at the vari¬ 
ous wheels, so that the car pulls to one 

Brake < l?sc corrosion is accelerated if the car 
is used very little or is garaged for long peri¬ 

Gentle use of the brakes, although in itself 
not undesirable, can encourage brake disc 
corrosion and allow the pads to become 
dirty, since the minimum pressure needed 

for the disc brake’s self-cleaning action is 
not attained between pad and disc. 

Corroded brake discs may result in a knock¬ 
ing effect when the brakes are applied; this 
cannot always be eliminated by prolonged 

On the other hand, slight corrosion and sur¬ 
face roughness can be removed by fitting 
brake pads with ah abrasive corundum 
coating, Any BMW service station can pro¬ 
vide information on braking during the run¬ 
ning-in per od. use of these brake pads etc. 

Dirt burnt into the brake oads (glazing of 
rubbed area) leads to scoring of the brake 
discs and also a change, reduction or deiay 
in braking effect 

Another problem in this connection is brake 
squeak which tends to increase in intensity 
as the discs become dirtier or more glazed. 

All these climatic and environmental ef¬ 
fects cause a change in the brakes 1 coef¬ 
ficient of friction, '.hat. is to say less braking 
efficiency is available for a given pedal ef¬ 
fort. If the coefficient ot friction changes dif¬ 
ferently at the various brakes, the car may 
resixond unevenly or pull to one side. 

Recommended driving procedure 
for disc brakes 

At intervals when traffic conditions allow, 
disc brakes should be applied quite hard 
once ortwice from high speed. The resulting 
high braking pressure ensures that the 
brake pads and discs are kept clean. 

Similarly, on long journeys in poor weather 
conditions, particularly in winter if salt has 
been spread on the roads, ft is advisable to 
apply the brakes firmly from time to time 
when it is safe to do so. This not only tests 
their eh c ency in the prevailing conditions 
(buttake core at :emperatures around freez¬ 
ing poire,i. but also results in a self-cleaning 
action to ensure that they are ready to oper¬ 
ate efficiently even in the worst possible 
weather conditions. 

In wet weather and when rain is actually fal¬ 
ling, it is advisable to apply the brakes bn efly 
at light peda pressure at relatively frequent 
intervals dur ing the journey. The heat gener 
ateo n this way keeps the discs and pads 
dry for a certain period. 

Before parking the car after driving through 
rain, and particularly if salt has been spread 
on the roads, lightly brake the car to a stand¬ 
still so that the brake discs are dried and 
cannot corrode so easily. 

If the brake discs already show signs of cor¬ 
rosion, the problem can be cured in its early 
stages by applying the brakes hard several 
times. Take care not to endanger other road 
users, and avoid locking the wheels. 


The most effective braking action is always 
achieved not with locked wheels, but when 
the wheels are still just turn ing, the resu it ob¬ 
tained by the antilock brake system. 

If the ABS should fail, use "cadence brak¬ 
ing" if at all possible (see Page 107). 

Locking the wheels can be dangerous, as 
locked front wheels can no longer be 
steered, and locked rear wheels cause the 
car to skid sideways or spin. 

If the brake pads are severely corroded or 
the pads are very dirty (glazing of rubbed 
surfaces), they must be examined, cleaned, 
reconditioned or renewed by a BMW service 

Even long, steep downhill gradients in the 
mountains need not adversely affect the ac¬ 
tion of the brakes f you select the correct 
gear ratio or automatic-transmission speed 
range to keep braking operations to a mini¬ 
mum. The engine braking effect is higher in 
the lower gears; in extreme cases, sh ft right 
down to 1st gear or selector lever posi¬ 
tion 1, 

If the engine braking effect is stil not suffi¬ 
cient to prevent the car from descending a 
hill faster than n tended, it is wrong to apply 
the brakes continuously at light or medium 
peda load. Instead, brake the car to a safe 
speed using qurte high pedal pressure (but 
with due consideration for following traffic), 
then apply the brakes again at intervals to 
keep the speed down. The cooling phases 
between brake applications help to avoid 
overheating and the risk of brake fade. 

Never drive with the clutch pedal de¬ 
pressed, the gear lever or automatic 
transmission selector in neutral or - stilt 
more dangerous - with the engine 
switched off at the ignition. In neutral, en¬ 
gine braking is entirely lost, and if the en¬ 
gine is switched off the brake booster 
servo is no longer able to reduce pedal 
pressure in the normal way. 


Unrestricted movement of the brake, clutch 
and accelerator pedals must never be pre¬ 
vented by the floor mats, carpet or any other- 

BMW 525iX 

Always entrust brake checks to your BMW 
service station 


What you should know about tyres 

information for your safety 

The factory-approved radial-ply tyres have 
been chosen to suit your car and provide 
both optimum road safety and the desired 
level of ride comfort. 

The condition of the tyres and mainte¬ 
nance of the specified tyre pressure not 
only influence tyre life but also road 
safety to a very considerable extent. 

Incorrect tyre pressures are often a cause of 
tyre problems. They also have a consider¬ 
able effect on the roadholding of your 

For your own safety you are recommended 
to check tyre pressures regularly, before 
starting a long journey and in any case at 

least once every two weeks, 

Make sire n particular that the specified 
tyre pressures are maintained if the load on 
the ca r is increased and when driving at high 
speeds for extended periods. Lower pres¬ 
sures than those specified will reducestabil- 
ty and driving safety, because lateral locat¬ 
ing forces are lower. The tyres will be less 
capable of withstanding high speeds and 
will heat up more rapidly as a result of ex¬ 
cessive flexing. The associated higher roll 
resistance will cause fuel consumption to 
deteriorate and couJd lead to tyre damage 
and accidents. 

It should be remembered that if a. tyre suffers 
concealed damage it may only fail much 
later or when exposed to a less severe load. 

If a tyre loses pressure severely always have 
the cause investigated and put right. Re¬ 
member to check the spare wheel's pres¬ 
sure too, and keep this app. 0,3 bar (3-4 psi) 
higher than the specified value for heavier 
loads, so that the tyre can always be fitted 
without having to be inflated further. 

Higher tyre pressure reduces ride comfort 
and leads to premature tread wear. 


Over-inflating the tyres can cause tyre 
damage or, in certain circumstances, 
sudden loss of pressure, because the 
tyres are more sensitive to loose objects 
on the road or sharp-edged potholes. 

Tyres are exposed to very' severe leads at 
high speeds, particularly in hot summer 
weather and when the car is heavily laden. 
Please comply with the specified higher tyre 
pressure for heavier loads, and do not ex¬ 
ceed the permitted axle loads. 

Tread depth and tyre damage 

Inspect tyres frequently for damage, the 
presence of foreign bodies, unusual wear 
and sufficient tread' depth. 

Although the law in many countries cal's 
only for a minimum tread depth of 1.6 mm 
(if indeed any minimum figure is laid down), 
you are recommended to replace tyres 
when the tread depth is down to 3 mm, or 
else the risk of aquaplaning even on shallow 
water will be increased. 

Since the danger of aquaplaning always in¬ 
creases with the car's road speed, this 
should be kept down if the road is wet and 
the tyres are known to be fairly well worn. 

We recommend fitting new tyres when the 
treads are 3 mm deep. If a tyre remains in 
use after this, wear indicators 1.6 mm from 
the main rubber surface are exposed as a 
sign that the legal wear limit has been 

The recuttmg of tyre treads for this car is 
forbidden, because of the risk of the carcase 
already having been damaged. 

A sharp object .may penetrate the tyre and 
cause a slow puncture. The resulting loss of 
air can only be detected if tyre pressures are 
checked regularly. If damage of this kind is 
suspected, the tyre should be inspected 
without delay by a BMW service station or 
an authorized tyre repair shop. 

Drive with extreme care and at moderate 
speed If roads are poor or over unavoid at" e 
obsiac es such as kerbstones, so that the 
tyre carcase does not incur any damage in¬ 
visible to the naked eye. 


When parking the car or driving over loading 
ramps, workshop hoists etc., make sure that 
the sides of the tyres are not damaged by 
violent contact with obstructions. 


Avoid overloading the car. This can cause 
the tyres' toad capacity limit to be ex¬ 
ceeded, so that they overheat and in¬ 
ternal damage is caused at a rate which 
cannot be detected from the outside, 
possibly leading to sudden pressure 

All forms of tyre damage (which could in 
the worst case lead to sudden and total 
loss of pressure) represent a risk of seri¬ 
ous or even fatal injury to the car's occu¬ 
pants and to all other roads users. 

Never try to drive any further if a tyre goes 
flat (except tyres of TD type). If a tyre 
loses its pressure, it seriously affects the 
car’s handling and braking, and can even 
cause the driver to lose control. 

New tyres 

To maintain the car's good road behaviour, 
always fit tyres of the same make and tread 
pattern to all wheels. BMW does not ap¬ 
prove of the use of retreaded tyres on this 
car. since their carcases may differ in in¬ 
ternal construction or have aged sufficiently 
to cast doubt on their durability and there¬ 
fore in certain circumstances on their road 
behaviour and safety. 

Interchanging wheels and tyres between 
the axles 

Depending on individual vehicle operating 
conditions, tyre tread wear patterns at the 
front and rear wheels will differ. In the in¬ 
terests of safety and the best possible vehi¬ 
cle behaviour, you are recommended not to 
interchange the wheels and tyres after a 
period of operation. 

If it is felt that the wheels and tyres should be 
interchanged on order to obtain maximum 
use before the tyres need to be renewed, re¬ 
member that the anticipated extra tyre life 
before renewal has to be set agai nst the cost 
of interchanging them correctly. Your BMW 
Service station can advise you. 

If wheels and tyres are interchanged, note 
the following precautions: 

Interchange the wheels on the same side of 
the car only (though the spare wheel can be 
included if desired). 

Remember that braking efficiency and tyre 
grip may be adversely affected. 

If tyres are interchanged in this way, the pro¬ 
cess should take place at frequent intervals 
(.max. 5000 km/3000 miles). 

Do not continue to use tyres that are more 
than 10 years o d for norma! driving unless 
they have always been used regularly in 
normal conditions. Failing this, they should 
be replaced. Spare tyres more than 6 years 
old should be reserved tor genuine emer¬ 
gencies, that is to say if the car's mobility 
cannot otherwise be maintained. New tyres 
should be fitted in then place as soon as 
possible, and they should no longer be 
brought into regular service when new tyres 
are fitted, 

A tyre’s date of manufacture is shown as 
part of the inscription on the tyre wall: 

DOT ... 413 means for instance the 41st 
week of 1993. 

Wheels and tyres 

Use only BMW“approved tyres. 

On models with a top speed in excess of 
240 km/h (140 mile/h), certain tyre makes 
and sizes are compulsory. Details are 
available from any BMW service station. 
Comply rn addition with any relevant na¬ 
tional regulations* 

The correct choice is made easier if the 
meaning of the tyre markings is understood. 
Radial-ply tyres are marked as follows* 

e. g. 195/65 R 15 91 H 

Nominal width in mm 
Aspect ration in % 

Racial ply construction 
code letter 

Rim diameter in inches- 

iTRX and TD tyres:: in mm) 

Load capacity figure 
[not on ZR tyres) 

Speed code letter 
(ahead of the R on ZR tyres) 


The speed code letter indicates the max¬ 
imum permissible speed at which the tyre is 
to be operated. 

On summer tyres: 

S - up to 180 km/h 

T = up to 190 km/h 

H - up to 210 km/h 

V - up to 240 km/h 

W - up to 270 km/h 

ZR _ over240 km/h 

On winter tyres 
QM+S = up to 160 km/h 
TM+S = up to 190 km/h 
HM+S = up to 210 km/h 

Marks on steel or I ght alloy wheels: 

6 J x 14 H 2 

Rim width in inches* — 

Shoulder pattern code letter — 

Symbo; for well- base rim 

Rim diameter in inches' - 

Hump on both rim shoulders — 

TD wheels: in millimetres 

Protect dirt from entering the tyre valves 
with screw-on dust caps. Dirt in the tyre 
valve can often lead to a gradual loss of air 

TD 230/55 R 390 low-section tyres with 
emergency-running characteristics (TD 

In the event of a puncture, the emergency¬ 
running characteristics of this type of tyre 
enables you to drive out of hazard zones 
such as bottlenecks, heavy urban traffic, 
tunnels or building sites without any dif¬ 
ficulty, even if the tyre is flat, so that the tyre 
can be changed in safety on a car park or at 
a filling station 

This type of tyre, if hat. car be driven app. 5 
km (3 miles), or TO km :6 miles) if a particu¬ 
larly cautious approach is adopted f depend¬ 
ing on the vehicle's load and the condition of 
the road, maximum speed 60 km (37 mile)/h 
when driving n a straight line 

TD tyres may only befitted on TD wheels. 

Win ter tyres 

If ihe car is driven in winter conditions, we 
recommend that winter tyres (M+S radial 
ply tyres) be fitted. Although all-year tyres 
are available, and are superior in their winter 
performance to summer tyres of H, V. ZR 
and W speed ratings, they do not normally 
equal the performance of purpose-de¬ 
signed winter tyres. 

If wi nter tyres are fitted, the same make and 
tread pattern should be used on all four 
wheels (and preferably on the spare wheel 
as well) in the interests of good directional 
stability and steering response. 

Fit only winter tyres approved by BMW. 

Any BMW service station will gladly advise 
you on the correct winter tyres for the condi¬ 
tions in which your car has to operate. 

Always note and comply with the maximum 
speed limit for your winter tyres. 

In the Federal Republic of Germany, a notice 
stating the maximum permitted speed with 
winter tyres fitted must be displayed n the 
driver's field of view if the car is capable o- 
a higher too speed. 

Suitable iaoels are available from tyre sup 
pliers or BMW service stations. 

Below a tread depth of 4 mm, winter tyres 
become noticeably less suitable for winter 
driv ng condit ons and shoufd therefore be 
replaced v ihout undue delay for safety 

Keep to the specified tyre pressures and 
have the wheels and tyres rebalanced each 
time the wheels are changed or new tyres 


Lack of expert knowledge or incorrect hand¬ 
ling of tyres can cause damage and lead to 

All work on tyres shoufd therefore be carried 
out only by experts. Your BMW service sta¬ 
tion will gladly assist you. 

Store wheels and tyres in a cool, dry and 
preferably dark place when not in use. Pro¬ 
tect tyres against contamination by oil. 
grease and fuel. 


Approved BMW wheel and tyre sizes for summer and winter tyres: 

Radial-ply tyre 





BMW 5101.5201,525i, 525td, 525tds 

mm (in) 

195/65 R15 91 V T ) 

6JX15H2 2 ) 

672 J x 15 H2 


205/65 R 15 94 V 

225/60 R 15 95 V 

672J x 15 H2 
or 7 J x 15 H2 

7Jx 15H2 


225/55 R 1695V 

7 J x 16 H2 


TD 230/55 ZR 390 

390 x 1 SO TD 


Front: 235/45 ZR 17 

Rear: 255/40 ZR 17 

8J X 17H2 

9 J X 17 H2 


22 (0,87) 

; S u m m er tyre s i ze n ot fo r 3 MW 525i or 525tds 
2 ) Whee! size not for BMW 525i 

BMW 51 St touring, BMW 52Di touring, 525i touring, 525td touring, 525!ds touring 

205/65 R 15 94 V 3 ) 


7JX15H2 4 ) 


225/60 R15 95 V 

7 J X15H2 

7 J X 15 H2 4 ) 

20 (0.79) 

225/55 R16 95 B 

7J x 16H2 

20 (0.79) 

TO 230/55 ZR 390 

390 x 180TD 


Front: 235/45 ZR 17 

Rear: 255/40 ZR 17 

8J x 17H2 


22 (0.87) 

3 ) Summer tyre size not for BMW 525i touring, or BMW 5201 touring or 525td/tds touring with 
self-levelling suspension. 

4 ) If retrofitted, always ensure that the correct wheel version is selected, if in doubt, consult a 
BMW service station. 

Winter tyres 

The tyre/wheel combinations are the same 
as for summer tyres. Any exceptions are 

The use of fine-link BMW snow chains* 
with summer and winter tyres is permitted 
only in pairs, that is to say on both driven 
(rear) wheels. 

Always observe the tyre manufacturer's 
safety recommendations when fitting. 

There are no wi titer tyres for sizes 235/45 ZR 
1 7 (front) and 255/40 ZR 17 (rear), and snow 
chai ns cannot be fitted. 


BMW 51 Si/touring, 525td/touring: the speed code letter "H" instead of “V' r is permitted for 
summer tyres. 

Please note the wheel/tyre specifications in the car's registration documents. Use of deviating 
wheel/tyre size approved by BMW may necessitate an official entry in the car's registration 


Approved BMW wheel and tyre sizes for summer and winter tyres: 

Radial-ply tyre 






BMW 525iX/touring 

mm (in) 

225/55 R1695 V 

7V2J x 16H2 

7V2 J x 16 H2 


BMW530i/tounng, 54Qi/tounng 

mm (in) 

205/65 R15 94 Q/T/H M + S 

6V2JX 15H2 1 ) 

7J x 15H2 2 ) 


225/60 ZR 15 

225/60R 15S5Q T H m + S 

6V2J x 15H2 1 ) 

7J x 15H2 

7 J x 15 H2 2 ) 

7 J x 15 H2 2 ) 


225/55 ZR 16 

7 J x 16H2 

20 (0.79) 

TD 230/55 ZR 390 

390 x 1 SO TD 


Front: 235/45 ZR 1 7 

Rear: 255/40 ZR 17 

8 J x 1 7 H2 

9 J X 17 H2 

20 (0,79) 

22 (0.37) 

) If retrofitted, always ensure that the correct whee! version is selected. If in doubt, consult a 
BMW serv ce station. 


Only light-alloy wheels are permitted on the BMW 540i/touring. 

Please note the wheei/tyre specifications in the car's registration documents. Use of deviating 
wheel/tyre sizes approved by BMW may necessitate an official entry in the car's registration 

Winter tyres 

The tyre/wheel combinations are the same 
as for summer tyres. Any exceptions are 

The use of fine-link BMW snow chains* 

with summer and winter tyres is permitted 
only in pairs, that is to say on both driven 
(rear) wheels, 

Exception for BMW 525rX: see page 107, 
Comply with manufacturer's safety instruc¬ 
tions when fitting. 

There are n o winter tyres for sizes 235/45 ZR 
17 (front) and 255/40 ZR 17 (rear), and snow 
chains cannot be fitted. 

Technical modifications to the car 

Any BMW service station will advise you on 
the practical value, legal position and fac¬ 
tory attitude before modifications are un¬ 
dertaken; please quote the vehicle identi¬ 
fication number and, where appropriate, the 
engine number 


Adjusting headlight beam setting for 
countries where traffic drives on the 
opposite side of the road 

If crossing a border into a country with a dif¬ 
ferent “rule of the road", that is to say where 
the traffic drives on the opposite Side of the 

Have the necessary adjustment work car¬ 
ried out beforehand by a BMW service sta¬ 

Re-registration abroad 

Each car is supplied in accordance with the 
road vehicle use regulations of the country 
tor which it is intended. 

if the owner moves abroad and wishes to 
re-register the car locally, information 
should be obtained well in advance as to 
possible import and licensing restrictions or 
differences in the legal position. 

Information can be obtained on telephone 
049-89-318401, if the model, vehicle identi¬ 
fication number and date first registered are 

Roof rack * 

A loaded roof rack can seriously affect the 
handling and steering characteristics of the 
car by displacing its centre of gravity. When 
loading items on to a roof rack, make sure 
that the permitted roof load, gross weight 
and axle loads are not exceeded. 

To ensure the lowest possible roof load and 
optimum drag coefficient, use only a BMW- 
approved! juggage or ski rack. When instal 
ling a roof rack, make sure that the mount¬ 
ings are attached securely to the root and 
are located as far apart as possible. 

The roof joad must be evenly distributed and 
not too large in surface area. Always stow 
the heaviest items at the bottom. 

Make sure that luggage on the roof is 
secured tightly and in the correct manner, so 
that there is no danger of it shifting or even 
falling off and endangering other- road users 
during the journey. 

Drive smoothly, avoiding jerky starts and 
sharp braking, and do not corner too fast. 
Luggage on the roof increases the car's 
frontal a r ea f so that fuel consumption suf¬ 
fers and the load on tne car s roof panel is 

You are recommended to remove the roof 
rack whenever it is not needed. 

Note and comply with national regulations 
when loading your car. 

Roof rack system * 

The cross-members are secured in the 
mounting slots in the roof rails. 

Mounting procedure: 

- Remove covers on mounting slots with 
the aid of a screwdr ver 

Open the lockable cover on the cross¬ 
member and slacken off securing bolts for 

Fit on cross-member, with the prongs of 
the front cross-member facing forwards 
and the prongs of the rear cross-member 
facing the rear, and insert the securing 
blocks in the rectangular hole. 


- Push the front cross-member as far as the 
front stop and move the rear cross-mem¬ 
ber back accordingly, 

- Tighten the securing bolts for the blocks 
with the aid of a wrench. 

See the separate installation instructions for 
notes on mounting the various carrier sys¬ 


Always check before use that the roof rack 
system is attached securely and tighten the 
mountings if necessary. 


Cars with double-panel sunroof: 

When loading the ski carrier ensure that the 
bindings of the skis are supported on the 
rack at the front, to leave sufficient space for 
the raising function of the front roof. 

Use the appropriate roof rack system for 
your BMW touring from the BMW acces¬ 
ser fes range. 

Towing a trailer 

Driving with a trailer always imposes more 
severe demands on both car and driver. 

The trailer not only makes the car less ma¬ 
noeuvrable, but also affects its ability to 
climb hills and its acceleration, braking, ride 
and cornering behaviour. 

The trailer load limit and the towbar 
downthrust or nose weight are shown in the 
section headed 'Technical data"; the trailer 
load limit may also be stated in the car's 
licensing documents. 

All BMW service stations wi I be able to in¬ 
form you of rhe scope for boosting trailer 
load limits, 

Towbar down thrust or nose weight is the 
vertical force exerted by the trailer on the 
ball hitch attac hed to the tow ng vehicle, and 
can oe measured with the aid of bathroom 

In Germany, for Instance, a minimum nose 
weight of 25 kg (55 lb) is laid down by law, 

At trailer loads of greater than 1600 kg. the 
nose weight must be at least 50 kg 

Without exceeding the limit, try to make full 
use of the maximum permissible nose 
weight if possible, 

When loading the trailer, make sure that 
the additional load is stowed as low and as 
close to the axle as possible, A low centre of 
gravity on the trailer increases the safety of 
the complete outfit when on the move, 

The gross trailer weight limit and the car's 
trailer load limit must all be complied with; 
note that the limit is represented by which¬ 
ever of these values is reached first. 

Since the nose weight is considered part of 
the car's payload, it must not cause the car's 
gross weight limit and rear axle load limit to 
be exceeded. The payload is reduced by the 
weight of the trailer coupling, and during 
trailer towing also by the nose weight of the 

The trailer coupling* with detachable ball 
head should be of a pattern tested and ap¬ 
proved by BMW; like the frailer flashing 
turn indicator telltale {required by law in 
certain countr es including the Federal Re- 
pubic of Germany), it should be correctly in¬ 
stal feci by a EMW service station. 

After removing the detachable ball-ended 
towbar, it should be kept greased so that it 
can be installed again without difficulty. 


Note on electrical system 

If a trailer (a caravan} is towed, higher power 
consumption must be expected. With a view 
to maintaining battery capacity, do not 
switch on electrical equipment for longer 
than necessary. 

BMW 525i/Xp 530r f 540i: 

The rear lights, brake lights and rear fog 
lights on the trailer are protected by plug- 
type fuses in the cars trailer module, which 
is located behind the left-hand side lluggage 
compartment or load area trim. 

Before acquiring a trailer it is adv-sable to 
obtain confirmation from the manufacturer 
or supplier of the effective trailer weight 
and he permitted payload. 

The suspension rates of your BMW [both 
standard and sports suspension) ensure an 
optimum combination of road safety, ride 
comfort and good roadholding for the en¬ 
thusiastic driver. They are equally suitable 
for towing a trailer at the standard toad limit 
(not the increased weight m ;), provided 
that 'his does not occur very much more ot¬ 
ter than during the annual holiday, and the 
dnver's approach is modified to match the 
more arduous task of trailer towing. 

If the trailer towing hitch is factory-fitted, the 
car will have trailer-towing suspension* 
fitted as standard. These ratings compen¬ 
sate for the trailer weight and optimise road 
behaviour when driving without a trailer. 

If the trailer towing hitch is fitted subse¬ 
quently we also recommend the installation 
of trailer-towing suspension, 

Self-levelling rear suspension* is the ideal 
solution for frequent trailer towing. Unless 
the rear axie load is exceeded, the car al¬ 
ways returns to its designed static ride 
height regardless of the load carried and 
whether the trailer is attached or not. 

BMW has not tested or approved any other 
suspension dev ces sold by the automotive 
accessory trade. 


If a trailer tow hitch is fitted, the effect of the 
regenerating rear bumper system will be 

The installation of a stabilising device is 
recommended, particularly with heavy 
trailers. BMW service stat : ons can provide 

If the standard door mirror is inadequate 
with the trailer attached, the law requires 
two outside mirrors to be fitted which enable 
the driver to see both rear comers of the 
trailer. Your BMW service station can supply 
suitable mirrors, including types with ad¬ 
justable arms or detachable versions for 
driving without the trailer. 

In the interests of unobstructed traffic flow 
and maximum road safety, the maximum 
gradient permitted at sea level is restricted 
to 1 2 % (1 in 3 3) or, with trailers of greater 
weight (if permitted), ! o 3 % (1 in 12-5}, 

Engine performance gradually declines at 
increasing altitudes. When driving in moun 
tainous areas, it should therefore be remem¬ 
bered that the car's abil ty to pull away on 
steep inclines is anvery affected; in such 
driving conditions, the vehicle and trailer 
should not be driven with their maximum 
perm '.ted payload. 

Remember that the effect of the trailer 
bra k es may be re I ati v e 1 y I m fled, part i c u J ah y 
when descending steep gradients Select 
the next-lower gear in good time, and shift 
down as far as first gear (or automatic trans ¬ 
mission speed range) it necessary to keep 
the outfit's speed low. Operate the foot 
brake only for limited periods at a time, to 
prevent fade. 

Before starting a journey on which steep 
gradients are likely to be encountered, the 
serviceability of the trailer brakes should al¬ 
ways be checked by an authorised service 

The ABS will prevent the wheels from lock¬ 
ing. We therefore recommend brake ap¬ 
plications in situations where the ABS will 
respond. Smooth, steady brake applica¬ 
tions will yield the shortest stopping dis¬ 
tances for the car-trailer combination, par¬ 
ticularly on low-friction surfaces (icy roads). 

The maximum speed limit when towing a 
trailer in Germany is 80 km/h (50 mile/h) on 
all roads. The permsssit !e trailer load limits 
have been chosen to ensure optimum vehi¬ 
cle stability at this speed. Even rf higher 
speed limits are authorised in some coun¬ 
tries, you are still recommended not to ex¬ 
ceed 80 km h 60 mile/h) for safety reasons. 
Should the veh cle s progress be seriously 
disturbed at fa r y high speeds, and the 
trailer begin to snake, the outfit must be sta¬ 
bilised immediately by applying the brakes. 

Correct tyre pressures are of particular 

For the trailer, comply with the manufac¬ 
turer’s recommended tyre pressures. 

Always check operation of the trailer’s rear 
lights before starting the journey. 

34 90 01 113 

Trailer tow hitch cover flap 

“o remove, insert a screwdriver nto the two 
apertures and press the clip down 

Cars with M Technic Sport Package*: to re¬ 
move the flap, .pull it down at the bottom, 

After removing the flap a triangle (arrow) will 
be visible in the aperture, to indicate the po¬ 
sition of the ball joint coupling head mount¬ 

For attaching and detaching the ball joint 
coupiing head, see separate instructions, 


Antilock brake system (ABS) 

BMW's unceasing efforts to improve its 
cars active safety still further have led to the 
development of an anti lock brake system 

Whenever a brake application is made, the 
ABS is required to satisfy two fundamental 

a) To maintain the car's stability on varying 
surfaces [asphalt, concrete, mud, wet 
roads, snow and ice) 

b) To ensure that the car can be steered and 
manoeuvred in these adverse condi¬ 

These requirements must, however, be seen 
n the light of certain unavoidable accompa¬ 
nying factors. 

Even ABS is unable to prevent the natural 
laws of physics and motion from acting on 
the car. For instance, it cannot avoid the 
consequences of braking when there is in¬ 
sufficient distance remaining from the car in 
front, when cornering limit speeds are ex¬ 
ceeded or if there is a risk of aquaplaning 
[tyres riding up on a cushion of surface wa¬ 
ter). it remains the driver’s task to judge 
speeds and brake applications correctly in 
such conditions. 

The fact that a car is equipped with ABS 
must never tempt the driver into taking risks 
which could affect occupant safety and that 
of other road users, despite the increased 
safety margins this system frequently pro¬ 

Driving a car equipped with ABS 

After the engine has been started, the yellow 
ABS warning light on the instrument panel 
will go out. 

The system itself is then in working order, 
but does not come into action until road 
speed exceeds approx.. 8 km/h (5 mile/h)« 
After this minimum control speed limit has 
been reached, the ABS prevents the wheels 
from locking when the driver applies the 
brakes.. It the speed drops again below ap¬ 
prox. 3 km/h (2 mite/h), the ABS ceases to 
operate, so that in theory the wheels could 
lock at the very end of a brake application, 
though in practice this is not critical at such 
a slow speed. The ABS regulating cycle is 
performed repeatedly within fractions of a 

To inform the driver that his brake applica¬ 
tion has caused the ABS to come into ac¬ 
tion, a pulsating effect is noticed at the brake 
pedal, together with a characteristic chat¬ 
tering noise. This acts as a warning that grip 
between the tyre and the road is being lost 
[slippery surfaces), so that the driver can re¬ 
duce speed accordingly. 

ABS is capable of achieving the shortest 
possible braking distances m any given con¬ 
ditions straight-line running or cornering, 
on smooth asphalt, ice, wet surface etc.). 


On roads which are firm but with a loose 
surface, such as gravel or snow, the brak¬ 
ing distance with ABS in action may ac¬ 
tually be longer than if the wheels lock. 
The same applies when snow chains are 
fitted. However, the advantages of dy¬ 
namic stability and the ability to steer the 
car are retained. 

In order to keep it fully functional, no modi¬ 
fications may be made to the antilock brak¬ 
ing system. Any work on the ABS must only 
be carried out by authorised, skilled per 

Proper functioning may be impaired if differ¬ 
ent sizes of tyre are fitted (e.g r winter tyres 
and the spare wheel Change back as soon 
as possible.) 

The yellow ABS warning light on the instru¬ 
ment panel comes on to indicate any mal¬ 
function. The brake system then operates 
conventionally and with precisely the same 
standards of performance as on cars not 
equipped with ABS. 

In order to prevent any multiple faults 
from impairing the brake system, the 
necessary repair work should be carried 
out at the next possible opportunity. 


Automatic Stability plus Traction 
Control (ASC+Tp 

As a means of ensuring improved dynamic 
stability, particularly when accelerating and 
cornering, BMW has extended its ABS sys¬ 
tem to include ASC+T, which prevents the 
driven wheels from spinning even if driving 
and road conditions are unfavourable. 

The traction and vehicle locating force 
which the tyres can transmit to the road sur¬ 
face depend to a marked degree on driving 
style (use of the engine's power potential) 
and road surface condition (wet, slippery 
etc.). The limits imposed by these factors 
should not be exceeded, orelsethecar may 
become difficult to keep under control, 

ASC+T is a high y responsive system which 
uses the ABS wheel sensors to detect wheel 
rotating speeds, and reduces engine power 
if these speeds differ. 

This continuous wheelslip monitoring sys¬ 
tem identifies the risk of a wheel spinning if it 
rs called upon to transmit too much power, 
and reduces engine power output and if 
necessary the action of the brakes on the 
rear wheels until reliable tyre grip is as¬ 

Although the driver may find this automatic 
reduction of engine power difficult to ac¬ 
cept, there is no denying that when a difficult 
situation arises (poor read surface, sharp 
corner etc.), the instant response of the 
ASC+T system is the only way of ensuring 
optimum traction and acceleration. 

However, even a car fitted with ASC+T is 
subject to the normal laws of physics, so 
that the driver must still avoid speeds at 
which tyre grip cannot be maintained or lat¬ 
eral forces become too high, ft would be irre¬ 
sponsible to misuse the additional safety 
margin which ASC+T can provide in certain 
circumstances to drive at the very limit of the 
car's performance when this would con¬ 
stitute a self-evident safety risk. 

The ASC+T system can be switched off and 
the car's driveline allowed to operate con¬ 
ventionally. In order to enhance traction, ft is 
also advisable to switch it off when trying to 
rock the car out of deep snow or a soft sur¬ 
face (see "W nter operation") and when 
snow chains are Mtted. 

If not all the tyres are of the same pattern, 
ASCiT may react over-sensitively. Only fit 
tyres of the same make and tread pattern. 


Multi-disc limited-slip differential * 

In very unfavourable driving conditions, the 
conventional form of differential may be un¬ 
able to transmit torque to the road without 
wheelslip occurring. The limited-slip dif¬ 
ferential (25 % action) greatly reduces the 
tendency for one driven wheel to spin. 

In practice, this means improved traction 
when pulling away, accelerating and corner¬ 
ing at speed in poor driving conditions, 

A car also tends to spin round its vertical 
axis (centre of gravity) when the power out¬ 
put is high or when load reversals occur on 
surfaces with a varying degree of grip. A 
good deal of skill is required to control such 
skidding or spinning, particularly when driv¬ 
ing In a highly enthusiastic manner. 

The limited-slip differential has the advan¬ 
tage of operating automatically when 
needed; if does not have to be engaged and 
disengaged by the driver. 

Four-wheel drive * 

Power is transmitted permanently to the 
four driven wheels via a transfer box which is 
locked electro magnetic ally if necessary. The 
locking moment required at the rear axle is 
regulated by the ABS, which boosts the 
braking pressure at whichever wheel is 

The electronically controlled differential lock 
system acts without intervention by the 
driver, according to the road situation and 
the condition ol the roac surface. 

In normal circumstances, the torque sp : it 
between the front and rear wheels is 36 % to 
64 %. When necessary the torque flow is 
modified instantaneously and adapted to 
the driving situation. 

The BMW 525'iX/touring is not an off-road 
vehicle. Its permanent four-wheel dr ve 
should rather be considered as a means of 
assuring high dynamic Stability and traction 
in all road conditions and for overcoming 
critical situations, for instance in severe win¬ 
try conditions or on loose surfaces. 

When the brakes are applied, the effect of 
the differential lock is immediately cancelled 
to ensure that the ABS can achieve Is full 


Care of the car 

The car's high-quality paint finish is chosen 
not only to appeal to the owner's personal 
colour preferences, but afso to provide max¬ 
imum body protection, it consists of several 
layers for reliable corrosion-proofing; the 
body cavities are not only primer-coated by 
cataphoretic dipping, but also treated with 
materials specially developed for this pur¬ 
pose in lengthy tests. The entire floor pan is 
given a sprayed-on resilient PVC coating 
followed by complete wax-based under- 

Regular care and maintenance make a big 
contribution to safety and to your car's re¬ 
sale value. 

A large number of environmental influ¬ 
ences can affect the car's paintwork, some 
of them purely local in origin. They govern 
the amount of care the paintwork needs and 
how often it should be attended to. 

Road dust and dirt, tar stains, dead in¬ 
sects animal excretions (high level of alkali 
formation) as well as tree and plant materials 
:resin pollen) all contain chemicals which, if 
allowed to remain on the car for any length of 
t me, can damage the paintwork by causing 
patches, blisters, corrosion, flaking of the 
top coat etc. 

In industrial areas, the horizontal panels of 
the body in particular may suffer from depo¬ 
sits of fly ash, lime, oily soot or substances 
containing sulphur dioxide ("acid rain"), as 
well as other less easily identified deposits. 
On ly regular care of the paintwork can avoid 
damage in such circumstances, 

In coastal regions the high salt content and 
humidity of the atmosphere greatly increase 
the risk of body panel corrosion. 

In tropical climates, ultra-violet radiation 
from the sun is very strong, the air is often 
very humid and temperatures can exceed 
40 D C (104° F) in the shade, Light paint fin¬ 
ishes may f eat up to SO* C (176* F) and 
darker colours as high as 120 C (248° F). 
Prolonged exposure could cause the paint 
finish to develop cracks, particular y on hori¬ 
zontal surfaces. 

In the event of mechanical damage caused 
by sand, road salt, grit etc., the paint surface 
may be damaged or penetrated, and corro¬ 
sion may then spread across the panel un¬ 
der the paint. 

Since the car's paintwork exposed to sc 
many potential environmental hazards, au- 
tomobile manufacturers and pain, su.op iers 
are constantly working on further im pro ve¬ 
il 'ents to the strength and durabitity of mod¬ 
ern paints. 

The composition of the paints used by BMW 
and the manner in which they are applied are 
in accordance with the very latest standards 
in this specialised area. 

If you choose to look after the car your¬ 
self, ail BMW service stations can supply 
tried and tested Original BMW care 

Care of paintwork 

To protect the car from the start against 
gradual deterioration of the paintwork in 
areas of high atmospheric pollution or where 
natural substances could damage the paint 
finish (industrial zones, railways, sap and re¬ 
sin from trees, pollen, bird droppings), it is 
advisable to wash the car once a week, in 
severe cases, wash the car whenever the 
paint finish is seen to be dirty or contam 

Remove spilled fuel, oil, grease or brake 
fluid at once., as they can attack the paint 
and change its colour. 

Bird droppings should also be removed 
without delay, or they will damage toe 

A new BMW can be put through an auto¬ 
matic car wash or washed by hand, as scon 
as it is used on the road. 

In automatic car washes, make sure that any 
projecting body elements (e.g. spoilers) 
cannot become damaged 
If necessary, point them out to the person in 
charge of the car wash before using it. 

Dead insects should be soaked and wiped 
off before the mai n car wash. 


Washing the car 

Do not wash the car if the engine compart¬ 
ment lid is still hot, or if the car has been 
standing in strong sunlight, or else patches 
may form on the paint surface. 

When using an automatic car wash, try to 
choose one without excessive brush pres¬ 
sure and with an ample supply of rinsing 
water. Most modem car washes satisfy 
these requirements. However, the areas not 
fully r eached by the automatic car wash - 
doot sills, panel folds and seams on doors 
and ties etc. - should be cleaned by hand. 

During the cold season of :he year in par¬ 
ticular it is advisable for the car to be 
washed more frequently, since heavy dirt 
deposits and salt from wet roads are more 
difficult to remove and will damage the en¬ 
tire car it left on too long. 

If the car s washed by hand, first soften the 
dirt deposits on the paint with a fine water 
spray and rinse them off. Do not spray water 
directly into the air inlets or outlets of the 
heating/ventilation system. 

After this, wash the upper part of the body 
with a sponge, wash leather glove or s m3 far, 
using plenty of no more than lukewarm wa¬ 
ter, and starting with the roof. Rinse out the 
sponge frequently. 

Wash the lower part of the body and the 
wheels last of all, if possible keeping a sep¬ 
arate sponge just for these areas. 

After washing, rinse the car down again 
thoroughly with the hose and dry if with a 
clean chamois leather to prevent discol¬ 
oured patches where the water was not 

To protect the paintwork, a paint-care prod¬ 
uct 4 can be added to the water used for 
washing the car. 

If washing with water alone is insufficient, a 
car shampoo or similar cleanser* which re¬ 
stores the fats content of the paintwork can 
oe used, in the concentration stated on the 
□ack. After this, rinse down with plenty of 

Note: after washing, the car's brakes may be 
wet and therefore less effective in action. 
Apply them briefly if the car is driven imme¬ 
diately afterward, to d r y the discs. 

Any local dirt patches or other contamin¬ 
ation of the pair'ii surface can best be seen 
after the car has been washed. Remove 
them as soon as possible with a clean cloth 
or wadding soaked in alcohol spirit or clean- 
ng-grade petrol (gasoline). Eliminate tar 
stains with a special tar remover* 

Polish the paintwork at these points to re¬ 
store its appearance and protect it. 

Please use only paint care products con- 
taining carnauba or synthetic waxes. 

It is quite easy to decide when the car’s 
paintwork needs polishing or preservative 
treatment: water no longer forms large 
round droplets on the painted surfaces. De¬ 
pending on use of the car, this may arise 
after some 3 to 4 months. Do not fail to carry 
out the necessary protective treatment as 
soon as it becomes necessary. 

If the paintwork tends to lose its high gloss 
as a result of insufficient care, a suitable pol¬ 
ish* must be applied. Paint cleaner* is 
needed if the finish is already matt or 
weathered. An abrasive cutting agent or 
paint restorer* should only be used in 
severe or obstinate cases. Remember that 
all polishes, cleaners and paint restorers act 
by removing a layer of paint to expose paint 
which Is still In good condition. Only if the re¬ 
sulting new paint surface is most carefully 
protected will the overall brilliance of your 
car's paintwork be regained. 

After care of the car s paintwork, remove 
traces of the products used from the win¬ 
dows with a suitable glass cleaner*. 

' Obtainable from BMW service stations 


Minor paintdamage can be touched ir. with 
either a BMW paint spray aerosol*, a BMW 
paint stick' or BMW paint film’. The correct 
colour designation is staled on a label close 
to the maker's plate, and also on the first 
page of the Service Booklet. 

Damage caused by flying stones, scratches 
etc. must be touched in without delay, to 
prevent rust from forming. 

If damaged areas of paintwork have already 
started to rust, use a wire brush to clean 
them up r and app v a rust converter {protect 
the eyes and skin) Allow a few minutes for it 
to take effect, then r nse off with water and 
dry thoroughly. Apply the primer and allow 
to dry, then apply the top coat. After a few 
days, polish the repasred area and apply a 
paint preservative. 

More extensive paint damage should be 
professional y repaired by the BMW service 
station which uses only Original BMW-ap¬ 
proved materials in accordance with the 
manu f actu rer 1 s i nstructions. 

Important note: 

If a tarpaulin or similar cover is used to pro¬ 
tect the car against the weather, moisture 
condensate may collect, particularly in the 
case of plastic sheet, and cause the plasti¬ 
cisers to diffuse out of the paint There is 
also a risk of scratching the paint surface. It 
Is far better to protect your BMW against ul¬ 
tra-violet rays from bright sunlight and 
against rainfall etc. by giving it the full body 
care treatment described here. Ideally, in 
countries where the sun is extremely hot and 
powerful, a canvas sunsheet should be 
stretched 50 to 80 cm (1 - 2 ft) above the 

Annual cleaning and protection or treat¬ 
ment of the engine compartment, under- 
boefy, axles and other mechanical assem¬ 
blies can be carried out with special 
equipment by a BMW service station. This 
not only reduces the risk of serious corro¬ 
sion to a minimum, but avoids short-circuits 
or current leakages and reveals other leaks 
before they become too severe. This treat¬ 
ment is particularly important at the end of 
the winter season. 

Chromium-plated and polished metal 
parts- burnpers.trim strips, wheel trims etc. 
-should be cleaned regular \ with water to 
which a car shampoo' can be added if re¬ 
quired. Do not neglect this treatment in 
winter if salt is spread or the r oads. 

Alloy wheels should be treated with a spe¬ 
cial wheel-rim cleanser*, particularly during 
the cold season. Do not use aggressive-ac¬ 
tion products containing acids, strong alka¬ 
lis or abrasives. Afloy wheels should not be 
cleaned with a steam jet at a temperature 
higher than 60" C {140° F). 

The inside surfaces of windows and mir¬ 
ror glasses can be cleaned and smearing 
avoided with a special glass cleaner Never 
dear mirror glasses with polishing pastes or 
a bra save (quartz) cleansers. 

Plastic components, leatherette uphol¬ 
stery, roof linings, light glasses and rtems 
sprayed matt black should be cleaned with 
water to which a car shampoo* may be ad¬ 
ded, Do not allow the roof lining to become 
wet right through. If necessary, treat plastic 
components with a suitable cleanser for 
synthetic materials*. Never use solvents 
such as nitre thinners. cold cleaning agents r 
fuel etc. 

Rubber components should only he 
cleaned with water or treated with a rubber 
cleanser' or silicone spray’. 

Clean the windscreen wiper blades witqj 

soapy water. The wiper blades should be re¬ 
newed twice a year, before and after the 
winter season. 

Seat belts should only be cleaned with a 
weak soap and water solution, without re¬ 
moving them from the car. Never attempt 
chemical or dry cleaning, or the belt fabric 
may be damaged. 

Automatic-reel seat belts should never be 
allowed to retract while still wet. Dirt on tt e 
belts could prevent them from retracting 
correctly, thus constituting a safety risk. 

Floor mats and carpets* car be cleaned 
with an interior cleanser’ if very dirty. 

Floor mats can be removed for more thor¬ 
ough cleaning of the car s interior. 

* Obtainable from BMW service stations. 


Care of upholstery fabrics 

If certain areas of the seats acquire an un¬ 
wanted gloss after heavy use as a result of 
heat and moisture, they should be brushed 
"against the pile" with a slightly moistened 

The pile of velour material tends to lie flat in 
use: as with many furnishing fabrics and 
clothing materials, this is unavoidable and 
does riot detract from its quality. 

Fluff or; the upholstery fabrics and abraded 
textile or leather particles are best removed 
with a suitable fluff brush‘ or burr-pile 
brush . Clean off stains or large area marks 
at once with lukewarm water, car-interior 
cleaner', stain remover* or cleaning-grade 
fuel. Afterwards, brush the fabric to restore 
its pile, 

Seat uoholstery fabrics can acquire a static 
electrical charge, particularly when atmos- 
pner c humidity is low. Persons touching 
metal parts of the body after leav ng the car 
may then receive an unpleasant but harm¬ 
less electric shock. Remember to touch an 
exposed metal part of the car while getting 
out: ‘his will disperse the electric charge 
without its being noticed. 

Antistatic products which largely prevent 
the build-up of static electricity can be ap¬ 
plied if desired. 

If the car is parked for a long time in bright 
sunlight, it is advisable to cover the seats to 
prevent the colours from fading. 

Care of leather 

'The upholstery leather* used in BMW cars 
is a high-grade natural product treated by 
the latest processes. If carefully looked after, 
it will retain its high quality for many years. 

Like all natural products, however, due con¬ 
sideration must be given to its properties, to 
certain limitations in use and to the special 
care which leather needs. 

Regular cleaning and care are essential, 
since dust and road dirt penetrate the pores 
and creases, and cause the surface to wear 
away and become brittle, 

li the car is parked for a long time in bright 
sunlight, it is advisable to cover leather sur¬ 
faces to prevent the colours from fading, or 
cover the windows. 

Moisten a cotton or woollen clot 1 ! slightly 
with water and clears the leather surface 
without allowing the seams to become wet 
tro u g h, A fter d ry i n g the I eat her sh ou I d be 
rubbed down with a soft, clean cloth. 

Very dirty areas on leather upholstery can be 
cleaned with a mild detergent (as sold for 
woollens) containing no brightening agents. 
Use 2 tablespoons to one litre (1 3/4 Imp. 
pints) of water. Dab oil or grease spots care¬ 
fully with cleaning-grade fuel, but do not 

To maintain the condition of the leather after 
cleaning, and avoid the build-up of a static 
electr cal charge apply leather care agent* 
Shake well and apply a thin coating with a 
soft cloth. Allow to penetrate and dry, then 
rub with a clean, soft cloth advisable to repeat this treatment every 
6 months if the leather is exposed to normal 

1 Obtainable from BMW service stations 


Water buffalo leather* 

Use only a special leather spray* for regular 
care, according to the manufacturer's in¬ 

Wipe off drops of water immediately, and try 
to avoid wetting the surface severely (soak¬ 
ing wet clothing, when cleaning etc.). 

To remove severe dirt marks, use a mild de¬ 
tergent without brightening agent (2 table¬ 
spoons to 1 litre {1 3/4 pints) of water). 

Water buffalo leather is left in its natural state 
and may therefore exhibit areas of slightly 
varying colour Natural features such as 
scars caused by scratches and insect bites, 
folds in the animal's skin etc. are typical of 
this material a h ch acquires a certain patina 
in use. When new. water buffalo leather may 
mark light-coloured clothing slightly if mois¬ 
ture is present. 


Keep cleaning products out of the reach 
of children. Many products are toxic or 
flammable, and therefore hazardous in 

Before using any such product, study and 
comply with the instructions supplied 
with it, and note any warnings or pre¬ 
cautions stated on the pack. 

When cleaning the car's interior, always 
open a door or window. Never use prod¬ 
ucts or solvents not specified for clean¬ 
ing the car. 

J Obtainable from BMW service stations 


Engine data, fuel consumption 

BMW 51 Si/touring 

BMW 520i/touring 

BMW 525iX/touring 






Number of cylinders 




Max. output 









-at engine speed 





Max. torque 





-at engine speed 





Compression ratio 










Mixture preparation Digital Motor Electronics 

BMW 518i 

BMW 518i touring 

BMW 520i 

BMW 520i touring 

Fuel consumption DIN 70 030/1 








ECE standard test method 

gear □ ox 







At 90 km/h 

1/100 km 








(56 mile/h) 

(Imp, m-ie/gal) 








At 120 km/h 

1/100 km 








(75 mile/h) 

(imp, mile/gal) 








Uroan driving cycle 

1/100 km 








(Imp, mile/gal) 









1/100 km 








(imp, mile/gal) 








BMW 525i 

BMW 525i touring 


BMW 525iX touring 

Fuel consumption DIN 70 030/1 









ECE standard test method 









At 90 km/h 

1/100 km 









(56 mile/h) 

(Emp. mile/gal'! 









At 120 km/h 

1/100 km 









(75 mile/h) 

(Imp. mile/gai) 









Urban driving cycle 

E/100 km 









(Imp. mile/gal) 










1/100 km 









(Imp. mile/gal) 









BMW 525iX: A performance test may only be carried out on a suitable roller dynamometer 


Engine data, fuel consumption 

BMW 530i/touring 

BMW 540i/touring 

BMW 525td/tounng 

BMW 525tds/touring 


cm 3 





Number of cylinders 





Max. output 











-at engine speed 






Max torque 






Max torque 






Compression ratio 












Mixture preparation 

Digital Motor Electronics 

Digital Diesel Electronics - (DDE) 

BMW $3Qi 

BMW 530i touring 


BMW 540i touring 

Fuel consumption 









DIN 70 030/1 ECE 









At 9Gkm.h 

1/100 km 









(56 mife/h) 

(Imp. mile/qal) 









At 120 km/h 

1/100 km 








10 1 

(75 mile/hi 

(Imp, mile/gal) 








23 0 

Urban driving cycle 

[/100 km 









(Imp. mile/gal) 



















(Imp, mile/gal) 









BMW 525td 

BMW 525td touring 

BMW 525tds 

BMW 525tds touring 

Fuel consumption (DIN 70 030/1 









ECE standard test method) 









At gg km/h 

1/100 km 









(56 mife/h) 

(Imp. mile/gal) 








S3 3 

At 120 km/h 

1/100 km 









(75 mile/h) 

(Imp. mile/gal) 









Urban driving cycle 

1/100 km 









(Imp. mile/aal) 










1/100 km 









(Imp. mile/gal) 










Dimensions and weights 

BMW 518i/tour. 

BMW 520i/tour. BMW 525i/tour. 

BMW 525iX/tour. 



4720 (185.8 in) 



7151 (68.9 in) 



1412/1417 1 ) 


(55,6/55,8 in) 

(55.9 in) 



2761 (108.7 in) 

Front overhang 


846 (33.3 in) 

Hear overhang 


1113 (43.8 in) 

Front track 




(57.9 in) 

(57.8 in) 

Rear track 


1495 (58.9 in) 

Min. turning circle (wheels) 


10.2 (33 ft 6 in) 

Min. turning circle (overall) 


11.0(36 ft 1 in) 

BMW 530i/tour. BMW 540i/tour. BMW 525td/tour. BMW525tds/tour. 



4720 (185.8 in) 



1751 (68.9 in) 




(55.6/55.8 in) 



2761 (108,7 in) 

Front overhang 


846 (33.3 in) 

Rear overhang 



Front track 


1470 (57,9 in) 

Rear track 


1495 (58.9 In) 

Min. turning circle (wheels) 


10.2 (33 ft 6 in) 

Min. turning circle (overall) 


11,0(36 ft 1 in) 

^ BMWtouring 



BMW 51 Si 


B MW 525i 

BMW 525iX 

Unladen weight (ready to drive, full 
tank, without special equipment) 

- with automatic transmission 



1360 (2998 lb) 
1400 (3086 lb) 

1445(3186 lb) 
1480 (3263 ib) 

1430(3263 Ib) 

1515 (33401b) 

1570(3461 Ib) 

1605 (3538 ib) 

Gross weight limit 

-with automatic transmission 



1870(4123 lb) 
1910(4211 lb) 

1955 (43101b) 

1990 (4387 lb) 

1990 (43871b) 
2025 (44641b) 

2080 (4586 Ib) 

2115 (46631b) 

Frontaxle load limit 


910(2006 lb) 

950 (2094 Ib) 

970 (2138 lb) 

1030 (2271 Ib) 

Rear axle load limit 


1085(2392 l b) 

1100(2425 lb) 

1135 (2502 lb) 

1160 (2557 lb) 

Trailer load iimits (specified by factory or as laid down by law in Germany) 1 ) 
unbraked kg 700 (1543 lb) 

braked, max. gradient 12 % (1 in3.3) kg 1500(3307lb) 

braked, max. gradient 8 % (1 in 12.5) kg 1600 (3528lb) 

700 (1543 lb) 

1500/17Q0 2 ) 
(3307/3748 Ib) 
'700 (3748(b) 

700 (15431b) 

1800 (3968 Ib) 

1800 (3968 Ib) 

750 (16531b) 
1800 (39681b) 

1800 (39681b) 

Max. towbar do wnthrust 

75 kg (165 ib) 

Max. roof load 100 kg (220 lb] 

(do not exceed max. axle loads or gross weight limit when carrying loads on root' 

Luggage capacity acc. to VDA test 


460(16,2 cu. ft) 

Different values may apply to national-market specifications and special models. Please always follow the data in the vehicle papers or on the 
manufacturer’s type plate. 

') “lease consult a BMW service station with regard to higher trailer load limits. Different values may apply to national-market versions 
2 ) With automatic transmission 



BMW 53Qi 

BMW 540i 

BMW 525td 

BMW 525tds 

Unladen we i g h t {read y to 6 ri ve, fu 1 i 

tank, without special equipment) 


1565 (3450 lb) 

1605(3531 lb) 

1465(3230 lb) 

1480(3263 lb) 

-with automatic transmission 


1595 (3516 lb) 

1650 (3638 lb) 

1500 (3309 lb) 

1515 (3340 lb) 

Gross weight limit 


2075 (4575 lb) 

2115 (4653 lb) 

1975 (4354 lb) 

1990 (4387 lb) 

- with automatic transmission 


2105'4641 lb) 

2160 {4762 lb) 

2010(4431 lb) 

2025(4664 lb) 

Front axle load limit 


1030(2271 lb) 

1060 {2337 lb) 

165(2127 lb) 

975 (2149 lb) 

Hear axle load limit 


1160 (25571b) 

1180(2601 lb) 

1130(2491 lb) 

1135 (2502 lb) 

Trailer load limits fspecifiec by factory or as laid down by law i n Germany) 1 ) 



750 (1653 lb) 

750 (1653 lb) 

700 (1543 lb) 

700 (1543 lb! 

brake, max. gradient 1 £ % (1 in 8.3) 


1900 (4130 lb) 

1900 (4180 lb) 

1800 (3968 lb) 

1800 (3968 lb) 2 ) 

brake, max. gradient 8 % (1 in 12.5) 


1900(4ISO lb) 

1900(4180 lb) 

1800 (3968 lb) 

H 800 (3968 lb) 2 ) 

Max. towbardownthrust 

75 kg (165 lb) 

Max. roof load 

100 kg (220 tb) 

‘do not exceed max axle loads or gross weight limil when carrying oadson 


Luggage capacity acc. to VDAtest 


460 (16.2 eu. ft) 

Different values may apply to national-market specifications and special models. Please always follow the data in the vehicle papers or on -.he 
m an lj factu re r' s ty p e p I ate. 

1) Rease consult a BMW service station with regard to higher trailer load limits. Different values may apply to national-market versions, 

2 ) An auxiliary fan must be fitted on vehicles with automatic transmission if trailer loads in excess of 1000 kg (2205 lb) are towed. 


Weights - touring models 


BMW 52Qi 

BMW 5251 


Unladen weight (ready to drive, full 

tank, without special equipment) 

-with automatic transmission 



1445 (3186 Ibl 


1530(3373 lb] 

1575 (34721b) 

1610(3549 lb) 

1650 (3638 lb) 
1685 (3715 lb) 

Gross weight limit 

“ with automatic transmission 



2015(4442 lb) 


2100/2155 1 ) 
:4630/4751 lb) 1 ) 
2135/2190 1 ) 
(4704/4828 lb) 1 ) 

2125 (4635 lb) 

2160(4762 lb) 

2200 (48501b) 

2235 (4927 lb) 

Front axle load limit 


910(2006 lb) 

950 (2094 lb) 

970 [2138 lb) 

1030(2271 lb) 

Rear axle load limit 


1225(2701 lb) 

1260/1300 1 ) 

:2 778/2866 lb) 1 ) 

1270 (2800 lb) 

1300 (£866 lb) 

Trailer load limits [specified by factory or as laid down by law in Germany 2 ! 
unbraked kg 750 (1653 lb) 

braked, max. gradient 12 % (1 in 8.3) kg 1500 [3307 lb) 

braked, max. gradient 8 % (1 in 12.5) kg 1600 (3527 lb) 

750 (1653 lb) 

' 600/1700 3 } 
(3527/3748 lb) 3 ) 

17001.3748 lb) 

750 (1653 lb) 

1800/1900 3 ) 
(3968/4189 lb) 3 ) 
1900(4189 lb) 

750 (1653 lb) 
1800/1900 3 l 
(3968/4189 lb) a ) 
1900 (4189 lb) 

Max. towbar downthrust 

75 kg (165 lb) 

Max. roof load 

(do not exceed max. axle loads or gross 

H 00 kg (220 lb) 

weight limit when carrying loads on roof; 

Luggage capacity acc. to VDAtest 


460-1430 (16.2-50.5 cu. ft) 

Different values may apply to national-market specifications and special models. Please always follow the data in the vehicle papers or on the 
manufacturer's type pi ate, 

! ) Only m conjunction with BMW self-levelling suspension. 

5 Please consult a BMW service station with regard to higher trailer load limits. Different values may apply to national-market versions 
g With automatic transmission 


Weights - touring models 

BMW 53Gi 

BMW 540i 


BMW 525tds 

Unladen weight (ready to drive, full 

tank, without special equipment) 


1630(3593 lb) 

1680 (3704 lb) 

1545 (34061b) 

1560 (3439 lb) 

- with automatic transmission 


1660(3660 lb) 

1725 (3803 Ib) 

1580 (34381b) 

1595 (35161b) 

Gross weight limit 


2180 (4806 lb) 

2230 (4916 lb) 

2095/2145 1 } 

2110/2160 1 ) 

(4619/4729 lb) 1 ) 

(4652/4762 lb) 1 ) 

- with automatic transmission 


2210(4872 tb) 

2275 (5015 Ib) 

2130/2180 : 

2145/2195 ) 

14696/4806 Ib) : 

14729/4839 Ib) 1 ) 

Frontaxle load limit 


1030(2271 lb) 

1050 (23151b) 


970 (21381b) 

(2116/2127 Id) 1 9 

Rear axle load li mit 


1300 (2866 lb) 

1280(2822 Ib) 

1265/1300 1 ) 

1270/1300 1 ) 

(2789/2866 lb: 1 ) 

(2800/2866 lb: 1 ) 

Trailer load limits (specified bv factory or as laid down by law in Get nany) ? ) 



750 (1653 ib) 

750 (1653 Ib) 

750 (16531b) 

750 (16531b) 

braked, max. gradient 12 % (1 in 8,3) 


1900(4180 lb) 

1900(4180 Ib) 

■900 (4180 lb) 

1 900 (4130 lb) J ) 

braked, max. gradient 8 % (1 in 12.5) 


1900(4180 lb) 

1900 (41801b) 

'900 (41801b) 

1900 (41801b) 3 ) 

Max. towbar downthrust 


75 (165 Ib) 

Max. roof load 


100 (2201b) 

(do not exceed max. axle loads or gross 

weight limn when carrying loads on roof; 

Luggage capacity acc, to VDA test 



-1430(162-50.5 cu.fl) 

Different values may apply to national-market specifications and special models. Please always follow the data in the vehicle papers or on the 
manufacturer's type plate. 

’’j Only in conjunction with BMW self-level ling suspension. 

2 ) Please consult a BMW service station with regard to higher trailer load limits. Different values may apply to national-market versions. 

3 ) Cars with automatic transmission: An auxiliary fan must be fitted if trailer loads in excess of 1000 kg (2205 lb) are towed. 




BMW 518itour. 

BMW 520i 


Top speed 

- with automatic transmission 























0- 80 

0 -50 

















80 120 km/h (50- 
in 4 th gear 

-75 mile/h 





Standing-start kilometre 





BMW 525i 

BMW 525i tour. 


BMW 525iX tour. 

Top speed 

- with automatic transmission 



230 (143) 






211 (131) 








0- 50 






0- 80 












0 -120 






80-120 km/h (50 
in 4th gear 

-75 mile/h) 





Standing-start kilometre 



30.3/31 A* 

30.8/32. r 

* with automatic transmission 



BMW 530i 

BMW 53Qi tour. 

BMW 540i 

BMW 540i tour. 

Top speed km/h 

-with automatic transmission 






250 1 ) (155} 1 ) 

250 1 )(155) 1 ) 

250 1 )(155) 1 ) 

250 1 )(155) 1 ) 

Acceleration km/h 






0- 50 






0- 80 


















80-120 km/h (50-75 mile/h 
in 4th gear 





Standing-start kilometre 





1 ) governed 

BMW 525td 

BMW 525td tour. 

BMW 525tds 

BMW 525tds tour. 

Top speed km/h 

- w ith auto matte tiransm i ssio n 



190 (118) 


183 (114) 

207 (129) 



Acceleration km/h 






0- 5D 






0- 30 


















80-120 km/h (50 -75 mile/h) 
in 41h gear 





Standing-start kilometre 





* with automatic transmission 

Note: engine and road performance are 
measured according to the appropriate DIN 
standard (with the vehicle to standard 
equipment specification}. Permissible devi¬ 
ations are also taken into account. 

Additional equipment or optional extras can 
have a significant effect on consumption 
and performance figures, since the car's 
weight and drag coefficient are usually al¬ 
tered (roof rack, wider tyres, additional mir 
rors etc.). 


Technical data 

Gear ratios 

5- or 6 -speed gearbox 

51 Si 520i 525VX 54Di 




1 St 


4.23 4.20 4,23 




2.52 2.49 2.51 




1.67 1.67 1.67 


4 th 


1.22 1.24 1.23 




1.00 1.00 1.00 








4.04 3.89 3.75 


Automatic [ran s m is s on 





525tds 540i 




3.67 3.55 




2.00 2.24 




1.41 1.54 




1.00 1.00 




0.74 0,79 



4.10 3.68 


Electrical system 


BMW518i 12 V, .50 Ah 

{in luggage compartment) 

BMW520I, 525i/X 12 V 65 Ah 

BMW 530b, 540i, 525td/tds 12 V. 35 Ah 

{beneath rear seat) 

2nd batte ry * i n I ugg age 12 V, 2 5 Ah 


Firing order 

BMW 5181 1 -3-4-2 

BMW 520i, 525f "X. 525td/tds 1 -5-3-6-2-4 
BMW 530i, 5401 1 -5-4-8^6-3-7-2 

Ignition timing 

On cars equipped with Digital Motor Elec¬ 
tronics. ignition timing is ore-programmed 
and cannot he adjusted. 


BMW 5181,5201,525 i/X 
BMW 5301,540] 

BMW 525iA, 525iXA, 
530iA, 540iA 

80 A, 1120W 
95 A, 1330 W 
100 A, 1400 W 

140 A, 1960 W 

with built-in voltage regulator. 




AIRS, see Anti lock brake system 
Acceleration values 135 
Acid level S3 

Adaptive transmission control (AGS) 44 

Adjustable shock absorbers 40 

Aerial 74 

Airbag 25 

Air conditioning 48 

Alarm system 64 

Alternator 137 

Antifreeze 106 

Antilock brake system 120 

- warning light 35 
Armrest 57 
ASC+T4D, 121 
Ashtrays 53 

Automatic air conditioning 50 
Automatic seat belts 24.125 
Automatic Stability plus Traction Control 

Automatic transmission 42 
-oil content 145 

- ratios 137 

- selector lev or position indicator 42 
Auxiliary power Socket 21 

AxJe toad limits 131 

Battery 90, 93,137 

Battery acid level 90 

Battery charge telltale 36 

Body cavity seating 123 

Body dimensions 130 

Body overhang 130 

Body protection treatment 125 

Brake hydraulics warning lamp 35, 98 

Brake fluid 87 

Brake fluid 87. 98 

Brake light 38 

Brake lights 102 
Brake linings 98 

Brakes 78, 93,109 
Bulb changing 101 

Caravan towing 117 
Car radio 74 
Car telephone 75 
Care of car 123 
Catalytic converter 77 
Central locking system 7 
Check Control 38 
Check Control 39 
Childproof door locks 11 
Child restraint systems 24 
Chromium, care of 125 
Cigarette lighter 53 

Clock 53. 59, see also on-board computer 
Cold starting 76, 79 
Cold weather operation 106 
Compression ratio 128 
Computer, on-board 66 
Convenience circuit for electric windows 
and electric sliding/tilt root 8, 55 
Coolant 106 

Coolant level, checking 88 

Coolant level, checking 33 
Coolant tank 88 
Coolant temperature 34 
Coolant temperature 34 
Coolant temperature gauge 34 
Cooling system: 88. 106 
Cooling system capacity 142 
Corrosion protection 124 
Cruise control 62 

Daytime lights setting 31 
Defrosting windows 44 
Diesel model, 
wintertime operation 106 

Differential, see Final drive 
Digital clock 59 
Dimensions 130 
Dipped beams 31.101 
Dipstick 85 
Disc brakes 109 
Displacement (engine) 128 
Distance recorder 33 
Door lock heating 8 
Door locks 7 
Door mirrors 27 
Double-panel sunroof 56. 100 
Driver's door lock heating 8 
Driving hints 79, 107, 109 
Dust cans (tyre valves) 113 

Economy 76 
Electrical system 137 
Energy Control 29 
Engine capacity 128 
Engine compartment lid 80 
Engine compartment light 80, 104 
Engine compartment, principal 
components 81 
Engine da:a 128 
Eng ne oil consumption 85 
Engine Oil content 145 
Engine oil grades 85 
Engine oil level, checking 39 
Engine oil pressure 38, 85 
Engine performance J 28 
Engine power output 1 73 
Engine specifications 128 
Engine torque 128 

Filling capacities 142 
Final drive oil content 145 
Fire extinguisher 95 
Firing order 137 
First aid box 94 


Flat battery 93 

Fog light, rear 37, 102 

Fog lights, front 37, 101 

- cleaning system 32, 89 
Folding rear seat back 20 
Four-wheel-drive model 
-brake checks 110 

- performance test 129 
-power transmission 122 
-towing away 95 

Front axle final drive oil content 145 
Front seat adjustment 14 
Front seat adjustment, electrical 15 

consumption 75, 79, 128 
-con sl mption indicator 34 
-economy 76 
-tiller flap 4, 9 
-gauge 34 
-grades 4 
-tank capacity 145 
-telltale lamp 34 
Fuses 92 

Gearbox (manual) 41 
Gearbox gate pattern 41 
Gearbox oil capacity 145 
Gearbox ratios 137 
Glove box 54 
Gross weight limit 131 

Hand lamp, rechargeable54 
Handbrake 40, 78 

- bedding down 78 
Hazard warning flashers 37 
Head restraints 14 

Headlight and side light switch 31 
Headlight beam throw adjuster 58 
Headlight cleaning system 32 
Headlight cleaning system tank 89 

Headlight ftasher 31 
Headlights 101, 116 
Heated rear window 37 
Heater/ventilation, independent 60 
Heating 46 

Heating/ventilation 46 
Height 130 

High beam headlights 31,101 
Horn 17 

Ignition/starter switch 28 
Ignition timing 137 
Infra-red remote control 11 
Initialising remote control 12 
Instrument lighting 31 
instruments 29 
Intensive cleaning system 32 
Intensive cleaning system tank 89 
Interior lights 53, 104 
Interior mirror 27 

Jack 96 

Keys 7 
KicKdown 43 

Lashing eyes 9 P 10 
Laying up out of use 105 
Leather care 126 
Length 130 

Lcence plate light 103 
Light switch 31 
Limited-slip differential 122 
Load area 20 

- dividing net 21 
-flaps 21 

- roller cover 20 
Lockable wheel studs 93 
Locks 106, see also Door locks 
Low beam headlights 31.101 

Luggage compartment 3 
Luggage compartment capacity 131 
Luggage compartment light 9. i 04 
Luggage net 9,10 
Lumbar support 16 

Main beam 31,101 
Maker's plate 75 
Make-up mirror27 
Memory for seat, mirror and 
steering wheel position 15 
Microfifter 52 
Minor repairs 93 
M iram. outside 26 
Modifications 115 

Number plate light 103 

Octane number 4 

Oil additives 85 

Oil consumption 85 

Oil content 145 

dil grades 85, 145 

Oil level. checking 85 

Oil level sensor 39 

Oil pressure telltale 36 

On-board computer 66 

Outside temperature display and 

digital clock 59 

Overhang 130 

Paintwork, care of 106, 123 
Paintwork damage 125 
Park Distance Control (PDC) 63 
Parking lights 31.101 
Performance, road 135 
Performance, engine 128 
Power output 128 
Power steering 87, 95,99 
-oil level check 87 


Punctures 97 

Radial-ply tyres 111,113 
Radiator cap 33 
Radiator header tank 88 
Radio 74 
Radio aerial 74 
Reading lights 53, 104 
Rear fog lights 37, 102 
Rear lights 102 
Rear seat back folding 20 
Rear window 

- cleaning system 32 

- opening 10 
-wiper blades 32, 100 
Refuelling 4 

Reinforced roller cover for load area 22 
Remote control 11 
Re-registration abroad 116 
Reversing lights 41,102 
Revolution counter 33 
Rims 114 

Roller cover for <oad area 20 
Roof load hmit 131 
Root rack 10, 116 
Roof rack system 116 
Rubber components 106, 125 
Running in 78 

Seat adjustment 14 
Seat adjustment, electric 15 
Seat belts 24, 125 
Seat heating 57 

Seat, mirror and steering wheel 
memory 15 

Selector lever position indicator 42 
Self-levelling suspension 87, 118 
Service Indicator 34 
Servotronic 99 
Side fights 31. 101 

Shock absorbers, adjustable 40 
Ski bag 72 

Sliding/trlt roof 55, 100 
Snow chains 107, 108, 114 
Spark plugs 148 
Spare wheel 96 
Specifications 128 
Speedometer 29 
Speed control 62 
Sports suspension 118 
Starting aids 93 
Starting the engine 76 
Starting with flai battery 93 
Steering column adjustment 16 
Steering lock 28 

Steering wheel adjustment, electric 17 
Stop lights 102 
Sun blind 58 
Sun visors 27 

Suspn. levelling 38, 99 

Tailgate 10 
Tailgate lock IQ 
Technical data 128 
Technical modifications 115 
Telephone system 75 
Telltale lamps 36 
Thermometer, coolant 34 
Thief proofing device 8, 11 
Thiefproof wheel studs 98 
Through-loading facility 18 
Time switch 60 
Toolkit 95 
Top speed 135 
Torch, rechargeable 54 
Torque 128 
Tow starting 95 
Tow bar down thrust 131 
Towing a trailer 117 
Towing away 95 

Towing eyes 94 

Track 130 

Trailer load 131 

Trailer nose weight 131 

Trailer towing 117 

Transfer box 

-oil content 145 

Transmission program 44 

Triangle, warning 95 

Trip distance recorder 33 

Turn indicator repeater 29, 35, 103 

Turn indicators 3 J 

Turning circle 130 

Type plate 81 

Tyre pressures 146-148 

Tyre repairs 97 

Tyre sizes 115 

Tyre tread 111 

Tyre val ve caps 113 

Tyres 111 

Tyres fitting new 112 
Underseal 125 
V-belts 147 

Vehicle identification number 81 
Ventilation 46 

Warning lamDS 35 

Warning lamp for brake hydraulics 35, 98 

Warning triangle 95 

Wash/wipe system, rear window 32 

Weights 131 

Wheel-changing 96 

Wheel chock 96 

Wheel sizes 114 

Wheel stud wrench 96 

Wheel studs, lockable 98 

Wheelbase 130 

Wheels 114 


Wheels, interchanging 112 
Width 130 

Window lifts, electric 55 
Windscreen wash/wipe 32 
Windscreen washer fluid tank 89 
Windscreen washer jets 89 
Windscreen wipers 32 
Windscreen wiper blades 99,125 
Winter operation 106 
Winter tyres 113 

Note: for items in bold type, the Check 
Control displays "OWNER S HANDBOOK”. 


Filling capacities 

Litres (Imp. units) 


Fuel tank 

app, SO (app. 1 7.6 gal) 

Fuel grade: see Page 4 

Windscreen washer 

in conjunction with headlight and 
fog light cleaning system 

Intensive cleaning system 

Rear window cleaning system 

app. 2.5 (4.5 pints) - BMW 518), 520i, 530i, 540i 
app. 3.2 (5.8 pints) - BMW 525i/iX, 525td/tds 
app. 8.5 (15.0 pints) - BMW 518i, 520i, 525i/iX 
app. 8.0(14.1 pints)- B MW 525td/tds 
app. 7.5 (13.2 pints) - BMW 530i. 540i 
app. 1.0 (1.8 pints) 

app. 2.5 (4.4 pints) 

For details, see Page 89 

Cooling system including heater 

6.0 (10.6 pints)-BMW 518i 

10.5 (18.5 pints) - BMW 520i. 525i. iX 

11.0 (19.4 pints) - BMW 518i. 520i. 525i/iX 

witli airconditiomnq 

12.5 (22.0 pints)-BMW 530i, 540i 

9.75 { 1 7.2 pints) - BMW 525tdAds 

For details, see Page 88 

Engine w th oil f Iter renewal 

4.0 ( 7.0pints)-BMW518i 

5.75(10.1 pints! - BMW 520i. 525i 

6.50(11.4 pints) - BMW 525iX 

7.50(13.2 pints) - BMW 530i. 540i 

6.75 (11.9 pints) - BMW525td/tds 

Brand -name HD oil for spark-ignition 
engines for diesel engines on 
see Page 85 L oroil: grades 

Gearbox (manual) 

Transfer box 

1.00(1.8pints)- BMW518I 520i 

1.20(2.1 pints) - BMW 525i/iX, 525td/tds 

1.25 (2,2 pints)- BMW 530i 

1.75(3.1 pints) - BMW 540i 

0.55 (1.0 pints) - BMW 525iX 


Automatic transmission 

3.0 (5.3 pints) 

(BMW 5401 lifetime oil filling, 
no oil changes required) 


Except during Inspections, no oil (ATF) level 
check is scheduled to avoid the risk of incor¬ 
rect filling. In unusual circumstances, please 
consult your BMW service station. 

Final drive (rear axle) 

Final drive (front axle) 

1.7(3.0 pints)-BMW5181, 5201, 525i/iX,530l 525td/tds 

1,9 (3.3 pints)-BMW 540i 

0.7 (1.2 pints}-BMW 525IX 

Brand-name hypoid gear oil* 

* Authorised BMW service stations know the correct grades 



BMW 518i, 525td: the tyre speeo code letter 
1 H' is permitted instead of 'V' for summer 


Instead of all the ZR tyres stated here, tyres 
with speed code letter k W' are permitted if 
they are of the same authorised make and 
size, and with at least the equivalent load in- 
dex (LI), 

Exception: BMW 540i/touring with 235/45 
ZR 17 front tyres and 255/40 ZR 17 rear 

For your safety - check tyre pressures regularly 

Incorrect tyre pressures can impair the car's stability or lead to tyre damage, which in turn 
could result in an accident, 

Tyre pressures in bar (gauge pressure) when cold (at ambient temperature); values in brackets 
= Ib/in 2 (psi). 

Note: as the lyres become hot (e.g. after fast main-road driving), pressure in them rises by ap¬ 
prox. 0.3 bar (approx, 4.01 b/in 2 ). For every change in temperature of 10 ,:] C, tyre pressure varies 
by 0.1 bar (1.4 Ib/in 2 ). 



Radial-ply tyres 

-bit < 

# * 


51 Bi 




205/65 R15 94 V 

225/60 R1596V 

225/55 R1695 V 

TD 230/55 ZR 390 


2.1 (30) 



235/45 ZR 17 

255/40 ZR 17 



2.1 (30) 
2.1 (30) 



2.7 (38) 
2.7 (38) 

195/65 R1591 V 1 ) 

225/60 R 15 96 Q/T/H M+S 

225/55 R 1695 G/THM+S 

TD 230/55 R 390 95 H M+S 



2.4 (34) 


195/65 R1591 Q/T/H 1 ) M+S 

205/65 R 1594Q/THM+S 


2.5 (36) 


3,1 (44) 


205/65 R1594V 

225/60 R 1596 V 

225/55 R 16 95 V 

TD 230/55 ZR 390 

2.0 (28) 


1 2.4(34) 


235/45 ZR 17 

255/40 ZR 17 









195/65 R1591 Q/T/HW+S 

205/65 R 15 94 Q/T/H M+S 

225/60 R15 96 G/T/H M+S 

225/55 R1695Q/T/H M+S 

TD 230/55 R 390 95 H M+S 




3.1 (44) 


225/55 R1695V 





225/55 R16 95 Q/T/H M+S 



2,5 (36) 


3.1 (44) 

' j Tyre not for BMW 525tds 



BMW 51 Si 

Alternator, coolant pump, power steering 
Ribbed, 6 PKx 1660 

Air conditioning compressor 
Ribbed, 4 PK x 889 

BMW 5201, 525i/X 

Alternator, coolant pump, power steering 
Ribbed, 6 K x 1560 

Air conditioning compressor 
Ribbed 5 K x 890 

BMW 5301, 540i 

A Ite r n at <. ■' coo I a n t pu m p, p owe r steeri n g 
Ribbed 7Kx 1605 

Air conditioning compressor 
Ribbed, 5 K x 980 

BMW 525td/tds 

Alternator, coo ant pump, power steering 
Ribbed, 6 PKx 1815 

Air conditioning compressor 
Ribbed. 4 PK x 778 

Tyre pressure (continued) 



Radial-ply tyres 

. ./T& 1 

* * 

* * 

cji yi 

u CO 

o o 

225/60 ZR 15 

225/55 ZR 16 

TD 230/55 ZR 390 

205/65 R 15 94 Q./T M+S 

225/60 R 15 96 Q/T/H M+S 

225/55 R 16 95 Q/T/H m‘S 

TD 230/55 R 390 95 H M +S 




2.2 (31) 






3.1 (44) 


235/45 ZR 17 

255/40 ZR 17 

2.2 (31) 


2.6 (37) 
2.6 (37) 

2.7 (38) 


3.2 (46) 


235/45 ZR 17 

255/40 ZR 17 

2.4 (34) 





3.4 (48) 
3.4 (48) 

For tour tng models: 



Radial-ply tyres 

... .^ror^ i a 

1 1- +-___ * pre rmi 

* ^ 


205/65 R15 94 H 

225/60 R15 96 H/v 

225/55 R16 95V 

TD 230/55 R 390 

2.0 (28) 


2.3 (33) 

2.8 (40) 

235/45 ZR 17 

255/40 ZR 17 





2.3 (33) 


2.8 (40) 

205/65 R15 94 Q/T/H M+S 

225/60 R 15 96 Q/T/H M+S 

225/55 R16 95 Q/T/H M+S 

TD 230/55 R 390 95 H M+S 


2.4 (34) 

2.5 (36) 



Spark plugs 

Bosch F7LDCR 

Tyre pressures (continued) 

When changing wheels or In the 
event of tyre failure: 

\f your BMW's wheels are secured with thief- 
proof (lockable) studs, always carry the ad¬ 
apter or key in the car s toolkit :,BMW 
touring: adapter is under front load-area 
flap). This makes it easier for the workshop 
or breakdown service to perform the neces¬ 
sary work with no loss of time. See also 
Page 98. 

For touring models (continued): 



Radial-ply tyres 










205/65 R 1594 V 1 ) 

225/60 R15 96 V 

225/55 R16 

TD 230/55 ZR 390 

2.1 (30) 

2.4 (34) 



235 45 ZR 17 

255/40 ZR 17 

2.1 (30) 


2,4 (34) 

2.5 (36) 


3.0 (43) 
3.0 (43) 

235/45 ZR 17 2 ) 

255/40 ZR17 2 ) 

2.3 (33) 






3.2 (46) 
3.2 (46) 

205/65 R1594Q/T/H M+S 

225/60 R 15 96 Q/T/H M+S 

225/55 R 16 95 Q/T/H M +S 

TD 230/55 R 39095 H M+S 




3.2 (46) 


225/55 R 1695 V 

2.1 (30) 

2.4 (34) 

2.5 (36) 

3,0 (43) 

225/55 R1695 Q/T/H M+S 


2.6 (37) 

2.7 (33) 

3 2 (46) 





TD230 55ZR390 

225/60 ZR 15 

225/55 ZR 16 

205/65 R 15 94 Q/T M+S 

225/60 R 15 96 Q/T/H M+S 

225/55 R 1695 Q/T/H M+S 

TD 230/55 R 390.95 H M+S 


2.1 (30) 


2.3 (33) 















235/45 ZR 17 

255/40 ZR 1 7 

2.3 133) 






3,3 (47) 


235/45 ZR 17 

255/40 ZR 17 

2.5 (36) 

3.0 (43) 



3.4 (48) 
3.4 (48) 

1 ) This tyre size not for BMW 525i touring, or for BMW 520i touring and 525td/tds touring with self-levelling suspension. BMW 525td touring: speed code letter 'H' is 

permissible instead of ‘V on summer tyres. 

a )These values apply to the BMW 52Qi and BMW 525t ds touring (with self-levelling su spension in each case), and to the BMW 525i touring. 

When towing a trailer, only the tyre pressure values for the heavier load category are to be used. 

These lyre pressure values apply to the makes of tyre recommended by BMW and known to the BMW Service cgamsatton. If other makes of tyre are fitted, higher- 

pressures may be needed. 

There is a tyre pressure information label on the driver's door post; this will show any different type pressures applying to non-standard vehicles 

Best,-Nr. 01 41 9 766 371 englisch